Ministry of Justice (Russia)

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Ministry of Justice of Russia
Министерство юстиции Российской Федерации
Emblem of Ministry of Justice.png
Ministry seal
Agency overview
Formed 1991
Preceding agencies
Jurisdiction President of Russia
Headquarters Zhitnaya St. 16, Moscow, Russia
55°43′53″N 37°36′42″E / 55.73139°N 37.61167°E / 55.73139; 37.61167Coordinates: 55°43′53″N 37°36′42″E / 55.73139°N 37.61167°E / 55.73139; 37.61167
Minister responsible
Child agency
Website www.minjust.ru

The Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation (Министе́рство юсти́ции Росси́йской Федера́ции, Миню́ст Росси́и) is the central government body charged with leading the legal and penal system of Russia.

The current Justice Minister is Alexander Konovalov.

Functions[edit]

According to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 13 October 2004 (as amended on 23 October 2008) and in accordance with other regulations, the Ministry of Justice is engaged in the elaboration and implementation of public policies and regulatory control, as well as performs law enforcement duties and functions of control and supervision in the areas of:

  • execution of criminal penalties (by FSIN)
  • Registered non-profit organizations, including the offices of international organizations and foreign non-governmental organizations, public associations, political parties and religious organizations, as well as providing information about them.
  • advocacy,
  • notarial activity,
  • State registration of civil status
  • Legalization and Apostille
  • ensure the established order of the courts and the execution of judicial acts and other organs;
  • Combating corruption (by help of the Prosecutor General of Russia)
  • Anti-corruption expertise of draft laws spend accredited as an independent expert individuals and legal entities. As of 16 November 2010 as an independent expert accredited 828 individuals and 164 legal entities. The decision on accreditation taking the Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation or one of its authorized deputy ministers, as issued an executive order. Accredited experts issued certificate.

History[edit]

The Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire was founded on 8 September 1802 by Manifesto of Alexander I "On the establishment of ministries." The same document as part of the government provided for the post of Minister of Justice, and he also served as Attorney General of the Russian Empire.

The Ministry of Justice has been designated as the preparation of legislative acts, as well as the management of courts and prosecutors. It dealt with the appointment, transfer, dismissal of officials of judicial departments, agencies and the abolition of the courts, supervised their work.

The first Minister of Justice was the General Prosecutor of the Russian Empire, Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin.

On 1864 in Russia, the judicial reform was held, in the preparation and conduct of which the Ministry of Justice has taken an active part, the powers of the Ministry of Justice significantly expanded. At all stages of judicial reform, the role of the Ministry of Justice, was significant, even decisive. Ministry of Justice carried out the management of the judiciary, and prison management of landmark pieces, notaries. As director of personnel of the court and prosecutors, it was the right appointment and dismissal of the investigators on the most important cases in district courts and municipal judges and members of the county district court. The Ministry has introduced the world's institutions of judges and jurors, directly managed the activities of prosecutors, and manage places of detention. Department have sufficient authority to establish and enforce legal policy of the state.

On the proposal of the Ministry of Justice of the Act of 16 June 1884 was enhanced sentence for embezzlement and theft of service, including those of the privileged classes. At the request of the Ministry of Justice, 26 May 1881 was canceled public executions. In the area of civil rights 19 May 1881 were compiled by the Ministry of Justice rules on how to strengthen the rights of real estate.

All legislative proposals submitted to the conclusion of the Ministry of Justice prior to making them for consideration by the Council of State, on the 1881 bills other departments began to arrive at the conclusion of the Ministry of Justice not only to evaluate them from a legal perspective, but also to harmonize with the existing laws.

Legislation Ministry of Justice of the late 19th century - early 20th century was characterized by a focus on individual rights. In 1897, a draft bill to amend the order of the excitation of questions about the responsibility of governors, in 1903 - the draft law on probation, which was completely new and very democratic institution in Russia, in the same year, the Ministry of Justice was designed by disciplinary regulations governing the punishment of official misconduct, and in 1904, a draft law on some of the changes in the prosecution of criminal liability, and public order offenses. In the same year the Ministry of Justice approved the regulations on the procedure of the prison department of civil political prisoners.

Since the mid-19th century, the Ministers of Justice is actively engaged in international activities: chairing the International Tribunal, were members of a permanent International Court of Arbitration in The Hague. The aim was to inform the Ministry of Justice Ministers on approval of the statutes of newly created organizations and societies, and the Minister was obliged to submit to Emperor weekly personal or written reports on the status of assigned cases.

After the October Revolution of 1917, the Ministry of Justice was transformed into the People's Commissariat of Justice. The practical implementation of the Decree № 1 "On Court" demanded that the judiciary efforts related to the formation of vessels and the selection of personnel for them. Prominently in the work of the Commissariat of Justice took the creation of new legislation. Accepted 30 January 1928 Resolution of the Communist Central Executive Committee and People's Commissar of Justice were directly subordinated to the prosecutor, and as Vice Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Republic..

Subsequently, the powers of the People's Commissariat of Justice has undergone radical changes - in 1936 the prosecutor's office was separated into an independent agency.

On 1991 the Soviet Justice Ministry was dissolved and the Russian Federation's Ministry of Justice was founded.

Structure[edit]

The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Justice. he has seven deputies.

  • Central office
  • The Department of Registration of Department regulations
  • Department of Organization and Control
  • Department of regulatory analysis and oversight of penal and judicial decisions
  • Department of Civil Service and Personnel
  • Department of International Law and Cooperation
  • The Department of Constitutional law
  • Department of Civil and social law
  • Department of Administration
  • Department for non-profit organizations
  • Department of Legal Aid and interaction with the judicial system
  • Department of Legislative Activities and monitor enforcement
  • Representative of the Russian Federation to the European Court of Human Rights - Deputy Minister
  • Department complaints on criminal matters
  • Division of complaints in civil matters
  • Analysis Division case law, organization and control execution
  • Front office
  • Research Center of Legal Information
  • Federal Agency for the Legal Protection of intellectual activity of the military, special and dual-use
  • Russian Legal Academy
  • State Legal Office
  • Forensic expert agency
  • Territorial authorities of the Ministry of Justice

Subordinate federal agencies (executive authorities)[edit]

Former[edit]

  • The Federal Registration Service, On 12 May 2008 was moved under the supervision of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, in December 2008 was renamed as the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre, and Cartography, later to be subordinated directly to the Government of Russia

List of Ministers of Justice[edit]

Ministers of Justice who simultaneously served as the General Prosecutor[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Derzhavin, Gavriil Romanovich (1743-1816) September 8, 1802 October 7, 1803
Lopukhin, Peter Vasilyevich (1753-1827) October 8, 1803 January 1, 1810
Dmitriev, Ivan Ivanovich (1760-1837) January 1, 1810 August 30, 1814
Troshchinsky, Dmitry Prokofievich (1749-1829) August 30, 1814 August 25, 1817
Lobanov-Rostovsky, Dmitry Ivanovich (1758-1838) August 25, 1817 October 18, 1827
Dolgorukov (Dolgoruky) Alexey Alexeevich (1767-1834) October 18, 1827 September 20, 1829
Dashkov, Dmitry Vasilyevich (1788-1839) September 20, 1829 February 14, 1839
Bludov, Dmitry Nikolaevich (1785-1864) February 15, 1839 December 31, 1839
Panin, Victor Nikitich (1801-1874) December 31, 1839 October 21, 1862
Zamyatnin, Dmitry Nikolayevich (1805-1881) October 21, 1862 April 18, 1867
Urusov, Sergey Nikolaevich (1816-1883) April 18, 1867 October 15, 1867
Palen, Konstantin Ivanovich (1833-1912) October 15, 1867 May 30, 1878
Nabokov, Dmitry Nikolayevich (1827-1904) May 30, 1878 6 November 1885
Manasein, Nikolai Avksentevich (1834-1895) 6 November 1885 January 1, 1894
Muravyov, Nikolai Valerianovich (1850-1908) January 1, 1894 January 14, 1905
Manukhin, Sergey Sergeevich (1856-1922) January 21, 1905 December 16, 1905
Akimov, Mikhail Grigorievich (1847-1914) December 16, 1905 April 24, 1906
Shcheglovitov, Ivan Grigorievich (1861-1918) April 24, 1906 July 6, 1915
Khvostov, Alexander Alekseevich (1857-1922) July 6, 1915 July 7, 1916
Makarov, Alexander Aleksandrovich (1857-1919) July 7, 1916 December 20, 1916
Dobrovolsky, Nikolay Alexandrovich (1854-1918) December 20, 1916 February 28, 1917

Ministry of Justice of the Provisional Government[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Kerensky, Alexander Fedorovich (1881-1970) March 15, 1917 May 18, 1917
Pereverzev, Pavel Nikolaevich (1871-1944) May 18, 1917 July 19, 1917
Efremov, Ivan Nikolayevich (1866-1945) July 23, 1917 August 6, 1917
Zarudny, Alexander Sergeevich (1863-1934) August 7, 1917 September 15, 1917
Demyanov, Alexander Alexeevich (1865-1925) 16 September 1917 October 8, 1917
Maliantovich, Pavel Nikolaevich (1869-1940) October 8, 1917 October 25, 1917

Ministry of Justice of the White Movement[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Starynkevich Sergei Sozontovich (1874-1933) November 18, 1918 May 2, 1919
Telberg Georgy Gustavovich (1881-1954) May 2, 1919 November 29, 1919
Morozov, Alexander Pavlovich (1864-1933) November 29, 1919 January 4, 1920

People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Krylenko, Nikolai Vasilyevich (1885-1938) July 20, 1936 January 15, 1938
Rychkov, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1897-1959) January 19, 1938 March 15, 1946

Ministry of Justice of the USSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Rychkov, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1897-1959) March 15, 1946 January 29, 1948
Gorshenin, Konstantin Petrovich (1907-1978) January 29, 1948 May 31, 1956

Legal Commission under the Council of Ministers of the USSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Denisov, Andrei Ivanovich (1906-1984) August 1, 1956 July 24, 1962
Chkhikvadze, Viktor Mikhailovich (1912-2006) July 24, 1962 March 26, 1964
Mishutin, Alexander Nikolaevich (1905-1988) March 26, 1964 July 30, 1970

Ministry of Justice of the USSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Terebilov, Vladimir Ivanovich (1916-2004) 1 September 1970 12 April 1984
Kravtsov, Boris Vasilyevich (born in 1922) 12 April 1984 7 June 1989
Yakovlev, Veniamin Fedorovich (born in 1932) July 11, 1989 11 December 1990
Lushchikov, Sergei Gennadievich (born 1951) December 11, 1990 and. about. August 28, 1991 28 August 1991 on 26 November 1991

The People's Commissariat of Justice of the RSFSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Oppokov, George Ippolitovich (1888-1938) October 25, 1917 November 16, 1917
Stučka, Pyotr Ivanovich (1865-1932) November 16, 1917 December 12, 1917
Steinberg, Isaak Zakharovich (1888-1957) December 12, 1917 March 18, 1918
Stučka, Pyotr Ivanovich (1865-1932) March 18, 1918 August 22, 1918
Kursky, Dmitry Ivanovich (1874-1932) August 22, 1918 January 16, 1928
Yanson, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1882-1938) January 16, 1928 March 6, 1931
Krylenko, Nikolai Vasilyevich (1885-1938) May 5, 1931 July 20, 1936
Bulat, Ivan Lazarevich (1896-1938) July 20, 1936 August 31, 1937
Antonov-Ovseenko, Vladimir Alexandrovich (1883-1938) September 15, 1937 October 11, 1937
Dmitriev, Yakov Petrovich (1892-1975) October 17, 1937 January 25, 1940
Gorshenin, Konstantin Petrovich (1907-1978) January 27, 1940 November 12, 1943
Basavin, Ivan Aleksandrovich (18 ** - 19 **) January 5, 1944 March 15, 1946

Ministry of Justice of the RSFSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Basavin, Ivan Aleksandrovich (19 ** - 19 **) March 15, 1946 October 5, 1949
Belyaev, Fedor Arkhipovich (1904-1966) October 5, 1949 June 11, 1953
Rubichev, Anatoly Timofeevich (1903-1973) June 11, 1953 March 27, 1957
Boldyrev, Vladimir Afanasyevich (1900-1976) May 11, 1957 April 13, 1963

The Legal Commission of the RSFSR CM[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Kruglov, Alexey Andreevich (1907-1974) April 13, 1963 24 September 1970

Ministry of Justice of the RSFSR[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Blinov, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1918-1990) 24 September 1970 February 15, 1984
Sukharev, Alexander Yakovlevich (born 1923) March 15, 1984 February 25, 1988
Abolentsev, Vladimir Alexandrovich (1927-2012) 5 April 1988 and. about. June 15, 1990 15 June 1990; 14 July 1990
Fedorov, Nikolai Vasilievich (born 1958) July 14, 1990 December 25, 1991

December 25, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR adopted a law on the renaming of the RSFSR in the Russian Federation (RF). On April 21, 1992, the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR made corresponding changes to the Constitution of the RSFSR, which entered into force on May 16, 1992.

Ministry of Justice of the RF[edit]

Name Date of taking office Date of removal from office
Fyodorov, Nikolay (born 1958) December 25, 1991 24 March 1993
Kalmykov, Yuri Khamzatovich (1934-1997) 13 April 1993 7 December 1994
Kovalyov, Valentin Alekseevich (born 1944) January 5, 1995 2 July 1997
Stepashin, Sergey (born 1952) 2 July 1997 March 29, 1998
Pavel Krasheninnikov (born in 1964) 30 April 1998 August 17, 1999
Chaika, Yuri (born 1951) August 17, 1999 June 23, 2006
Ustinov, Vladimir (born 1953) June 23, 2006 12 May 2008
Konovalov, Alexander (born 1968) c 12 May 2008 Until now

See also[edit]

External links[edit]