Ministry of Justice (Sweden)
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The Ministry of Justice (Swedish: Justitiedepartementet) is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Sweden which handles matters relating to the justice system, such as legislation concerning the constitution, as well as law enforcement and counter-terrorism procedures. All Swedish law enforcement agencies, as well as the prosecution authorities, the prison and probation service and the National Council for Crime Prevention answer to the Ministry of Justice. In addition to handling constitution-related legislation, the Ministry is responsible for legislation and procedures relating to administrative law, civil law, procedural law and criminal law. The Ministry also deals with matters relating to migration and asylum policy. Internationally, the Ministry of Justice takes part in efforts to co-operate with other nations in order to combat cross-border crime. It is located in the government chancellery Rosenbad in Stockholm.
The Ministry of Justice is headed by the Minister for Justice and Home Affairs Morgan Johansson. His deputy, the Deputy Minister for Justice Heléne Fritzon, is responsible for issues regarding migration and asylum policy.
The political executive also includes the state secretaries, the political advisers and the press secretaries.
The Ministry's senior officials also include the Director-General for Administrative Affairs, three Directors-General for Legal Affairs, the Director of Planning, the Director-General for Crisis Management, the Director-General for International Affairs, the Head of Administration, the Head of Human resources and the Head of Communications.
Beatrice Ask was the head from 2006 to 2014. Tobias Billström was the Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy while Nyamko Sabuni led the Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality from 2007 until it was dissolved in 2010.
Below the executive level, the Ministry is divided into 19 divisions:
- Communications Division
- Crisis Management Coordination Secretariat
- Division for Constitutional Law
- Division for Crime Policy
- Division for Criminal Cases and International Judicial Cooperation
- Division for Criminal Law
- Division for Crisis Preparedness
- Division for EU Affairs
- Division for Family Law and the Law of Contracts, Torts and Personal Property
- Division for Intellectual Property and Transport Law
- Division for Legislation on Public Order and Safety and Crisis Preparedness
- Division for Management Support and Human Resources
- Division for Management of Migration Affairs
- Division for Migration Law
- Division for Migration and Asylum Policy
- Division for Procedural Law and Court Issues
- Division for Prosecution Issues
- Division for Real Estate and Company Law
Deputy Minister for Justice
Other ministers at the Ministry of Justice are called Deputy Minister for Justice (Swedish: Biträdande justitieminister).
European Union-related issues are closely related to the work of the Ministry of Justice. Four areas in particular stand out; judicial and domestic issues (police and judicial cooperation in penal law, judicial cooperation in civil law), internal market issues (e.g. patents, copyright and company law), openness (public access to official documents), and discrimination (equal treatment).
The Ministry of Justice is principal for the following government agencies:
- Chancellor of Justice, or Justitiekanslern (JK). Field of operations: Supervises those who are involved with public operations, it is responsible to the Government for protecting the rights of the State and it provides the Government with advice and surveys in legal matters.
- Swedish Commission on Security and Integrity Protection, or Säkerhets- och integritetsskyddsnämnden. and Integrity Protection (Swedish: Säkerhets- och integritetsskyddsnämnden) Responsible for supervising law enforcement agencies' use of secret surveillance techniques, assumed identities and other associated activities.
- Swedish Consumer Agency, or Konsumentverket. Field of operations: works with consumer issues in such fields as advertising, contract terms, consumer information, household finances and the safety, quality and environmental impact of goods.
- Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority, or Brottsoffermyndigheten (BrOM). Located in Umeå. Field of operations: examines crime victim compensation issues and allocates funds from the Fund for Victims of Crime.
- Swedish Data Protection Authority, or Datainspektionen (DI). Field of operations: supervises the protection of individual privacy.
- Swedish Economic Crime Authority, or Ekobrottsmyndigheten.
- Swedish Election Authority, or Valmyndigheten. Located in Solna.
- Swedish Migration Agency, or Migrationsverket. Located in Norrköping.
- Swedish National Board for Consumer Complaints, or Allmänna reklamationsnämnden. Field of operations: acts as a court, the primary task of which is the impartial examination of disuptes between consumers and companies.
- Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine, or Rättsmedicinalverket (RMV). Field of operations: the central administrative agency for forensic mental care, forensic chemistry, forensic medicine and forensic gene-related operations.
- Swedish Board of Supervision of Estate Agents, or Fastighetsmäklarnämnden. Field of operations: registration and supervision of estate agents.
- Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, or Brottsförebyggande rådet (BRÅ) Field of operations: promotes crime prevention, it is responsible for providing the official statistics for the judicial authorities.
- Swedish National Courts Administration, or Domstolsverket (DV). Located in Jönköping. Field of operations: The National Courts Administration is the central administrative agency for the public courts, the legal courts, the regional tenancy tribunals, the regional rent tribunals and the National Legal Aid Authority.
- Swedish Police Authority, or Polismyndigheten. Field of operations: The Swedish Police Authority is the central administrative agency for the police, it is also the principal agency for the National Forensics Centre
- Swedish Security Service, or Säkerhetspolisen. Responsible for counter-espionage, counter-terrorism and counter-subversion.
- Swedish Prison and Probation Service, or Kriminalvården. Located in Norrköping.
- Prosecutor-General of Sweden, or Riksåklagaren (RÅ). Field of operations: The office of Prosecutor-General is the public prosecutor in the Supreme Court, it represents the highest-ranking prosecutor and it is the central administrative agency for the prosecution authorities.
- Swedish Market Court, or Marknadsdomstolen. Field of operations: special court, whose responsibilities include processing of cases and other legal issues under the Marketing Practices Act and the Competition Act.
- Swedish Coast Guard, or Kustbevakningen (KBV). Located in Karlskrona. The Swedish Coast Guard performs surveillance and other monitoring and control operations, as well as environmental emergency services at sea. Its tasks are wide-ranging. They include several policy areas for which different authorities are responsible.
- Official website in Swedish and English
- "Organisation and Responsibilities of the Ministry of Justice". Government of Sweden. August 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018.