Ministry of Justice (Thailand)

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Ministry of Justice
Lanchakon - 042.jpg
"The Seal of the Scales of Justice" by Prince Narisara Nuwattiwong
Ministry overview
Formed25 March 1891; 127 years ago (25 March 1891)
JurisdictionGovernment of Thailand
HeadquartersChaeng Watthana Government Complex, Chaengwatthana Road, Lak Si, Bangkok
Annual budget23,551 million baht (FY2017)
Minister responsible
  • Suwaphan Tanyuvardhana,
    Minister of Justice

The Ministry of Justice of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: กระทรวงยุติธรรม; RTGSKrasuang Yuttitham; Abrv: MOJ) is a cabinet ministry in the Government of Thailand. The ministry is in charge of the criminal justice system in the kingdom. As well as running prisons and aiding the Royal Thai Police, the ministry also runs the government's drug and narcotic control policies. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Justice, Suwaphan Tanyuvardhana.[1] Its fiscal year 2017 budget is 23,551 million baht.[2]:84


The ministry was established in 1891 by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). The monarch centralized the court and judicial system of the country. The sixteen courts were combined into seven courts. In 1912, under King Vajiravudh (Rama VI), the ministry was divided when the Court of Justice was given responsibilities over judicial affairs and the ministry retained responsibility for the legal and administrative areas.

In 1991, the National Assembly of Thailand passed the Improvement of Government Organisation Act. Article 21 of the act indicated the ministry was to be responsible for the administration of the Courts of Justice (except for adjudications and the criminal justice system.[3]

List of ministers[edit]



  • Office of the Minister's Secretary
  • Office of the Inspector General
  • Office of the Auditor
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary
  • Office of the Justice Affairs

Dependent departments[edit]

Public organizations[edit]

  • Thailand institute of Justice
  • Thailand Arbitration Center

Department directly under the justice minister[edit]

  • Office of the Narcotics Control Board
  • Office of Courts of justice
  • Office of Constitutional Courts
  • Office Administrative Courts
  • Office of the Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC)

Independent departments[edit]

  • Anti-Money Laundering Office

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Justice Minister supports vigilantism against lèse-majesté". Prachatai English. 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  2. ^ Thailand's Budget in Brief, Fiscal Year 2017 (PDF). Bureau of the Budget (Thailand). 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2009-01-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°54′15.29″N 100°31′47.43″E / 13.9042472°N 100.5298417°E / 13.9042472; 100.5298417