Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (Argentina)

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Ministry of Justice and Human Rights
Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos
Minjusticiaarg.png
Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos.jpg
Headquarters of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights
Ministry overview
Formed1949; 72 years ago (1949)
JurisdictionArgentina
HeadquartersSarmiento 329, Buenos Aires
Annual budget$ 32,087,882,671 (2021)[1]
Minister responsible
Parent departmentGovernment of Argentina
Websiteargentina.gob.ar/justicia

The Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (Spanish: Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos; MJyDH) of Argentina is a ministry of the national executive power tasked with enforcing of the law and administration of justice and upholding human rights.

The ministry was created in 1949, during the first presidency of Juan Domingo Perón, and has been consistently present in every presidential cabinet since then. The incumbent minister is Marcela Losardo, who has served since 10 December 2019 in the cabinet of Alberto Fernández.

Structure[edit]

The Ministry of Justice and Human Rights counts with a number of centralized dependencies reporting to it. The centralized dependencies, as in other government ministers, are known as secretariats (secretarías) and undersecretariats (subsecretarías); there are currently four of these:[2][3]

    • Undersecretariat of Administrative Management (Subsecretaría de Gestión Administrativa)
  • Secretariat of Justice (Secretaría de Justicia)
    • Undersecretariat of Penitentiary Affairs (Subsecretaría de Asuntos Penitenciarios)
    • Undersecretariat of Criminal Policy (Subsecretaría de Política Criminal)
    • Undersecretariat of Access to Justice (Subsecretaría de Acceso a la Justicia)
    • Undersecretariat of Relations with the Judiciary and Academia (Subsecretaría de Relaciones con el Poder Judicial y la Comunidad Académica)
  • Secretariat of Human Rights (Secretaría de Derechos Humanos)
    • Undersecretariat of Protection and International Links on Human Rights (Subsecretaría de Protección y Enlace Internacional en Derechos Humanos)
    • Undersecretariat of the Promotion of Human Rights (Subsecretaría de Promoción de Derechos Humanos)
  • General Secretariat of Justice and Human Rights (Secretaría General de Justicia y Derechos Humanos)

In addition, the National Institute Against Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism (INADI), the Office of the General Notary of the Government of the Nation, the Procuratorship of the Treasure of the Nation, the International Centre for the Promotion of Human Rights (CIPDH), the University Institute of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo (IUNMA) and Argentina's federal prison system all depend on the Ministry of Justice.[2]

List of ministers[edit]

No. Minister Party Term Presidente
Ministry of Justice (1949–1954)
1 Belisario Gache Pirán Peronist Party 11 March 1949 – 4 June 1952 Juan Domingo Perón
2 Natalio Carvajal Palacios Peronist Party 4 June 1952 – 24 July 1954
Ministry of the Interior and Justice (1954–1955)
3 Ángel Borlenghi Peronist Party 24 July 1954 – 24 July 1955 Juan Domingo Perón
4 Oscar Albrieu Peronist Party 24 July 1955 – 16 September 1955
5 Eduardo Busso Independent 23 September 1955 – 12 November 1955 Eduardo Lonardi
Ministry of Justice (1955–1956)
6 Julio Velar de Irigoyen Independent 12 November 1955 – 13 November 1955 Eduardo Lonardi
7 Laureano Landaburu Independent 13 November 1955 – 8 June 1956 Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
Ministry of Education and Justice (1956–1966)
8 Carlos Adrogué Radical Civic Union 8 June 1956 – 25 January 1957 Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
9 Acdel Ernesto Salas Independent 25 January 1957 – 1 May 1958
10 Luis Rafael Mac Kay Radical Civic Union 1 May 1958 – 26 March 1962 Arturo Frondizi
11 Miguel Sussini Intransigent Radical Civic Union 26 March 1962 – 29 March 1962
29 March 1962 – 19 October 1962 José María Guido
12 Alberto Rodríguez Galán Independent 11 October 1962 – 15 May 1963
13 José Mariano Astigueta Independent 15 May 1963 – 12 October 1963
14 Carlos Alconada Aramburú Radical Civic Union 12 October 1963 – 28 June 1966 Arturo Illia
Ministry of Justice (1956–1966)
14 Carlos Alconada Aramburú Radical Civic Union 28 June 1966 – 23 October 1969 Juan Carlos Onganía
15 Conrado Etchebarne Independent 23 October 1969 – 8 June 1970
16 Jaime Perriaux Independent 18 June 1970 – 22 March 1971 Roberto Levingston
22 March 1971 – 11 October 1971 Alejandro Lanusse
17 Ismael Bruno Quijano Radical Civic Union 11 October 1971 – 11 July 1972
18 Gervasio Colombres Independent 11 July 1972 – 25 May 1973
19 Antonio Juan Benítez Justicialist Party 25 May 1973 – 13 July 1973 Héctor José Cámpora
13 July 1973 – 12 October 1973 Raúl Lastiri
12 October 1973 – 1 July 1974 Juan Domingo Perón
1 de julio de 1974 – 10 de junio de 1975 Isabel Perón
20 Ernesto Corvalán Nanclares Justicialist Party 10 June 1975 – 14 January 1976
21 José Deheza Justicialist Party 15 January 1976 – 12 March 1976
22 Augusto Pedro Saffores Justicialist Party 12 March 1976 – 23 March 1976
23 Julio Arnaldo Gómez Independent (Military) 29 March 1976 – 30 October 1978 Jorge Rafael Videla
24 Alberto Rodríguez Varela Independent 5 November 1978 – 29 March 1981
25 Amadeo Frúgoli Independent 29 March 1981 – 12 December 1981 Roberto Viola
26 Lucas Jaime Lennon Independent 22 December 1981 – 18 June 1982 Leopoldo Galtieri
18 June 1982 – 10 December 1983 Reynaldo Bignone
Ministry of Education and Justice (1983–1989)
27 Carlos Alconada Aramburú Radical Civic Union 10 December 1983 – 21 June 1986 Raúl Alfonsín
28 Julio Rajneri Independent 21 June 1986 – 10 September 1987
29 Jorge Federico Sabato Radical Civic Union 10 September 1987 – 26 May 1989
30 José Gabriel Dumón Radical Civic Union 26 May 1989 – 8 July 1989
Ministry of Justice, Security and Human Rights (1989–1999)
31 León Arslanián Independent 8 July 1989 – 16 January 1992 Carlos Menem
32 Jorge Luis Maiorano Justicialist Party 16 January 1992 – 16 June 1994
33 Rodolfo Carlos Barra Justicialist Party 16 June 1994 – 10 July 1996
34 Elías Jassán Independent 10 July 1996 – 25 June 1997
35 Raúl Granillo Ocampo Justicialist Party 25 June 1997 – 10 December 1999
Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (1989–1999)
36 Ricardo Gil Lavedra Radical Civic Union 10 December 1999 – 6 October 2000 Fernando de la Rúa
37 Jorge de la Rúa Radical Civic Union 6 October 2000 – 21 December 2001
Ministry of Justice, Security and Human Rights (1999–2010)
39 Jorge Vanossi Radical Civic Union 3 January 2002 – 3 July 2002 Eduardo Duhalde
40 Juan José Álvarez Justicialist Party 10 July 2002 – 25 May 2003
41 Gustavo Béliz New Leadership 25 May 2003 – 25 July 2004 Néstor Kirchner
42 Horacio Rosatti Justicialist Party 25 July 2004 – 26 July 2005
43 Alberto Iribarne Justicialist Party 26 July 2005 – 10 December 2007
44 Aníbal Fernández Justicialist Party 10 December 2007 – 8 July 2009 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
45 Julio Alak Justicialist Party 8 July 2009 – 10 December 2010
Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (2010–present)
45 Julio Alak Justicialist Party 10 December 2010 – 10 December 2015 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
46 Germán Garavano Independent 10 December 2015 – 10 December 2019 Mauricio Macri
47 Marcela Losardo Independent 10 December 2019 – 18 March 2021 Alberto Fernández
48 Martín Soria Justicialist Party 29 March 2021 – incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presupuesto 2021". Ministerio de Economía (in Spanish). 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humano". argentina.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos". jefatura.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 November 2020.

External links[edit]