Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ministry of National Defense
of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国国防部
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
ChinaDOD.jpg
Ministry of National Defense HQ, Beijing
Agency overview
Formed28 September 1954
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
HeadquartersBeijing
39°54′28″N 116°19′15″E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083Coordinates: 39°54′28″N 116°19′15″E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083
Agency executive
Parent agencyState Council
Central Military Commission
Websitewww.mod.gov.cn (in English)
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
China

The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国防部; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù) or for short the "National Defense Ministry" (simplified Chinese: 国防部; traditional Chinese: 國防部; pinyin: Guófángbù) is the 2nd-ranked ministry under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense.

The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954. In contrast to practice in other nations, the MND does not exercise command authority over the People's Liberation Army (PLA), which is instead subordinate to the Central Military Commission (CMC). Instead, the MND itself only serves as liaison body representing the CMC and PLA when dealing with foreign militaries in military exchange and cooperation.

Its official responsibilities had been to exercise unified administration over the development of the armed forces of the country such as recruitment, organization, equipment, training, scientific military research of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) and the ranking and remuneration of the officers and servicemen. However, in reality these responsibilities are carried out by the CMC's 15 departments.

Structure[edit]

There are a number of departments under the Ministry of National Defense:

  • General Office
  • Foreign Affairs Office
  • Peacekeeping Office
  • Conscription Office

The Ministry of National Defense General Office is in fact the same body as the CMC General Office. Other offices are also staffed by personnel from the Joint Staff Department.

Minister[edit]

Although the Ministry itself does not exercise much authority, the role of the Minister of National Defense has always been viewed as one of the most important positions in the country’s political system. The Minister is always an active military officer, a State Councilor and a member of the Communist Party's Central Committee and member (sometimes a Vice Chairman) of the Central Military Commission, enabling him to take part in the decision making in the PLA, the Government and the Party.

List of Defense Ministers[edit]

No. Minister Took office Left office Time in office
1
Peng Dehuai 彭德怀
Dehuai, PengMarshal
Peng Dehuai
彭德怀

(1898–1974)
September 1954April 19594 years, 7 months
2
Lin Biao 林彪
Biao, LinMarshal
Lin Biao
林彪

(1907–1971)
April 1959September 197112 years, 5 months
Vacant
1971–75
3
Ye Jianying 叶剑英
Jianying, YeMarshal
Ye Jianying
叶剑英

(1897–1986)
January 1975March 19783 years, 2 months
4
Xu Xiangqian 徐向前
Xiangqian, XuMarshal
Xu Xiangqian
徐向前

(1901–1990)
March 1978March 19813 years
5
Geng Biao 耿飚
Biao, GengGeng Biao
耿飚

(1909–2000)
March 1981June 19832 years, 3 months
6
Zhang Aiping 张爱萍
Aiping, ZhangGeneral
Zhang Aiping
张爱萍

(1910–2003)
June 1983March 19884 years, 9 months
7
Qin Jiwei 秦基伟
Jiwei, QinGeneral
Qin Jiwei
秦基伟

(1914–1997)
March 1988March 19935 years
8
Chi Haotian 迟浩田
Haotian, ChiGeneral
Chi Haotian
迟浩田

(born 1929)
March 1993March 200310 years
9
Cao Gangchuan 曹刚川
Gangchuan, CaoGeneral
Cao Gangchuan
曹刚川

(born 1935)
March 200317 March 20085 years
10
Liang Guanglie 梁光烈
Guanglie, LiangGeneral
Liang Guanglie
梁光烈

(born 1940)
17 March 200816 March 20134 years, 11 months
11
Chang Wanquan 常万全
Wanquan, ChangGeneral
Chang Wanquan
常万全

(born 1949)
16 March 201319 March 20185 years
12
Wei Fenghe 魏凤和
Fenghe, WeiGeneral
Wei Fenghe
魏凤和

(born 1954)
19 March 2018Incumbent1 year, 262 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Ministry of National Defence". SinoDefence.com. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2007-11-21.

External links[edit]