Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
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|Formed||1 August 1970|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions is a ministry of the Government of India in personnel matters specially issues concerning recruitment, training, career development, staff welfare as well as the post-retirement dispensation.
The ministry is also concerned with the process of responsive people-oriented modern administration. Allocation of Business Rules defines the work allotted for the ministry.
Usually, though not always, the ministry is headed by the prime minister, with a minister of state reporting to him.
In 1954, on the recommendation of Paul H. Appleby report, an Organisation and Methods (O&M) Division was set up in the Cabinet Secretariat. In 1964, the O&M Division was transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs, under the newly created Department of Administrative Reforms. In 1970, on the basis of the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Commission, the Department of Personnel was set up in the Cabinet Secretariat. In 1973, the two departments were merged to form a Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms in the Cabinet Secretariat. In 1977, the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms was transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs. And, in 1985, a full-fledged ministry was created with the name Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions with three separate departments under it:
- Department of Personnel and Training (this also includes recruitment of officers through UPSC and SPSC) 
- Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances
- Department of Pensions and Pensioners’ Welfare
The ministry comprises three departments viz:-
- Department of Personnel and Training
- Department of Pension and Pensioners' Welfare
- Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances
Department of Personnel and Training
DOPT is concerned with the formulation of policy and the watchdog of the Government ensuring that certain accepted standards and norms, as laid down by it, are followed by all ministries/departments in the recruitment, regulation of service conditions and posting transfers and deputation of personnel as well as other related issues.
DOPT supervises and controls the following organisations, namely —
- Union Public Service Commission
- Staff Selection Commission
- Public Enterprises Selection Board
- Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
- Institute of Secretariat Training and Management
- Central Vigilance Commission
- Central Bureau of Investigation
- Indian Institute of Public Administration
- Central Information Commission
Department of Pension and Pensioners' Welfare
The department is mainly concerned with the formulation of policies regarding the post retirement benefits of Central Govt. employees covered under the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972. It also acts as a forum for the redressal for Pensioners' grievances. However, the pensioners of Ministries of Railways and Defence are governed by their respective pension rules.
Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances
The Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances is to facilitate the pursuit of excellence in governance through the promotion of:
- Improvements in Government structures and processes
- Citizen-friendly initiatives including redressal of public grievances
- Documentation, incubation and dissemination of best practices
- Codification and simplification of procedures and
- Networking with various agencies
The department acts as a facilitator, in consultation with central ministries/departments, states/UT administrations, organisations and individuals, to improve government functioning through administrative reforms in the spheres of restructuring the government, process improvement, organisation and methods and grievance handling, and by promoting modernization, Citizen’s Charters, award schemes, e-governance, and best practices.
It provides online grievance redress services through Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System.
The Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions is the cabinet minister in charge of Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. The position is generally held by the prime minister, but sometimes it has been held by other senior members of the cabinet, such as Minister of Home Affairs. The minister is generally assisted by a minister of state. The position is considered to be a powerful one as of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions is the cadre controlling authority of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), and is the administering agency of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB).
- Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd ed.). Noida: McGraw-Hill Education (published 25 August 2014). pp. 7.36–7.37. ISBN 978-9339204785.
- "Organisation Under DOPT". Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
- Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd ed.). Noida: McGraw-Hill Education (published 25 August 2014). p. 7.6. ISBN 978-9339204785.
- Official Website of Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
- Organisations Under MOP
- Federal Budget of 2012 allocates nearly Rs 212 crore for training civil servants