One of the Ministry of Religious Affairs headquarters building in Jakarta
|Formed||3 January 1946|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Indonesia|
|Headquarters||Jalan Lapangan Banteng Barat no. 3–4|
(Doing deeds sincerely)
Plans for the creation of a Ministry of Religious Affairs was proposed for first time in the meeting of Committee for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence by Mohammad Yamin at 11 July 1945. He proposed to create special religion-related ministry, Ministry of Islamic Affairs, which ensures Indonesian Muslim affairs. However, this proposal didn't gather much reception.
For a second time, the creation of a Ministry of Religious Affairs was proposed in session of Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence at 19 August 1945. The proposal was accepted by six from 27 members. Johannes Latuharhary, who rejected the proposal, proposed to handle religion affairs in Ministry of Education. Abdul Abbas supported Johannes' proposal. Iwa Kusumasumatri agreed that religious affairs should be handled by the ministry, however rejected the creation of special-religion ministry because of national scope of government. Ki Hadjar Dewantara proposed that religious affairs should be handled by Ministry of Home Affairs. The session rejected the creation of Ministry of Religious Affairs. Thus, Ministry of Religious Affairs had not been created until First Sjahrir Cabinet.
The creation of Ministry of Religious Affairs was re-proposed, for a 3rd time to Badan Pekerja Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat at 11 November 1946 by K.H. Abudardiri, K.H. Saleh Suaidy, and M. Sukoso Wirjosaputro. This proposal was also supported by Mohammad Natsir, Muwardi, Marzuki Mahdi, and Kartosudarmo. The proposal was accepted during the sessions of the Committee on 25–28 November 1945, thus the Ministry of Religious Affairs was created at 3 January 1946 with Haji Mohammad Rasjidi as Minister of Religious Affairs. Haji Mohammad Rasjidi was State Minister at the time that handled Islamic affairs. The Ministry of Religious Affairs took over marriage, religious court, mosque and hajj affairs from Ministry of Home Affairs, Islamic High Court from Ministry of Justice and religious education from Ministry of Education, Pedagogy and Culture.
Some people hold view that Ministry of Religious Affairs is not a new creation. Ministry of Religious Affairs can be traced back to Japanese Colonial Period (宗務部, shūmubu, lit. Religious Affairs Office) or Dutch Colonial Period (Het Kantoor voor Inlandsche Zaken, lit. the Office for Indigenous Affairs). Sometime, people traced it back to Islamic kingdoms period.
Portfolio and function
In accordance with the Constitution and state legislation, in the performance of its mission the Ministry is entitled to:
- formulate, stipulate, and implement state policies for the religious communities of Indonesia.
- manage and administer state properties under the Ministry's ownership.
- supervise in the implementation of duties assigned to the Ministry.
- implement technical guidance and supervision of the implementation of affairs of Ministerial branch offices in the country's administrative divisions.
- implement any technical activities at all levels of society and within the administrative divisions of the nation or nationwide.
Ministry of Religious Affairs is organized into several units.
- Office of the Deputy Minister
- Secretariat General
- Inspectorate General
- Directorate Generals
- Directorate General of Islamic Education (Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Islam)
- Directorate General of Hajj and Umrah (Direktorat Jenderal Penyelenggaraan Haji dan Umrah)
- Directorate General of Islamic Community Guidance (Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Islam)
- Directorate General of Christian Community Guidance (Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Kristen)
- Directorate General of Catholic Community Guidance (Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Katolik)
- Directorate General of Hindu Community Guidance (Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Hindu)
- Directorate General of Buddhist Community Guidance(Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Buddha)
- Agency of Religious Moderation and Human Resource Development
- Agency of Halal Products Assurance (Badan Penyelanggara Jaminan Produk Halal)
- Center of Confucianism Guidance and Education (Pusat Bimbingan dan Pendidikan Khonghucu)
- Expert Staffs
- Expert Staff of Religious Bodies Relation
- Expert Staff of Information and Communication Management
- Expert Staff of Law and Human Rights
- History of Ministry of Religious Affairs (Indonesian)
- "sulsel1.kemenag.go.id: Lintasan Sejarah Agama-Agama di Indonesia Oleh Sudirman, S.Ag (Indonesian)". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Peraturan Menteri Agama Nomor 10 Tahun 2010 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Kerja Kementerian Agama" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia (26 January 2023). "PERATURAN PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 12 TAHUN 2023 TENTANG KEMENTERIAN AGAMA" (PDF). JDIH Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 26 February 2023.