Ministry of Sharia and the Foundations

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Ministry of Sharia and the Foundations (Turkish: Şerriye ve Evkaf Vekaleti) was a former government ministry in Turkey. The ministry was the highest religious authority and also was responsible in the religious foundations in the Empire.

The ministry was established during the Ottoman Empire era. During the early days of Turkey, it was also a ministry of Turkey. In all five governments before the Republic and the 1st government of Turkey after the proclamation of the Republic there was always a seat of the Ministry of Sharia and the Foundations in the government.[1] However, on 3 Mart 1924 by the law no. 429, it was abolished.[2] By this law, two general directorates were established under the prime ministry; "Directorate of Religious Affairs" (Turkish: Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı) and the "General Directorate of the Foundations" (Turkish: Vakıflar Genel Müdürlüğü) to take the responsibility of the ministry.[3] Up to the enactment of this law, the responsibility of education system, which was partially managed by this ministry and partially by the Ministry of National Education was totally put under the responsibility of the Ministry of National Education.[4] This disestablishment marked the end of the 1st government of Turkey. On 6 March 1923, Pime Minister İsmet Pasha formed the 2nd government of Turkey, this time without the Ministry of Sharia and the Foundations.

Ministers[edit]

Name Duration
Mustafa Fehmi 3 May 1920 – 27 April 1922
Abdullah Azmi 27 April 1922 – 26 October 1922
Mehmet Vehbi 26 October 1922 – 14 August 1923
Mustafa Kazım 14 August 1923 – 24 September 1923
Mustafa Fevzi 24 September 1923 – 6 March 1924

References[edit]