Ministry of Supervision
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Jiānchábù
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Parent agency||State Council|
The Ministry of Supervision (MOS) of the Government of the People's Republic of China is responsible for maintaining an efficient, disciplined, clean and honest government, and educate public servants about their duty and discipline. It is one of several ministries under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. Many of its operations were merged with the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China in 1993, meaning that the two institutions were effectively combined into a single body with mostly overlapping staff and jurisdiction.
The Ministry of Supervision was established as the People's Supervisory Commission in October 1949 after the founding of the People's Republic of China. It took on the present name Ministry of Supervision in September 1954. The ministry was abolished in April 1959. The ministry was reestablished in July 1987 by the Sixth National People's Congress. This led to successive local supervisory authorities being created at the provincial and local levels. On May 9, 1997, the Ministry of Supervision was legislated to enforce the Law of the People's Republic of China on Administration Supervision of the government agencies.
The Minister of Supervision usually also serves as the Deputy Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party.
|№||Name||Took office||Left office|
|Director of the People's Supervision Commission of the Government Administration Council (政务院人民监察委员会主任)|
|1||Tan Pingshan (谭平山)||October 1949||September 1954|
|Minister of Supervision of the People's Republic of China （中华人民共和国监察部部长）|
|2||Qian Ying (钱瑛)||September 1954||April 1959|
|3||Wei Jianxing||1987||April 1993|
|4||Cao Qingze (曹庆泽)||March 1993||17 March 1998|
|5||He Yong||17 March 1998||15 March 2003|
|6||Li Zhilun||15 March 2003||28 April 2007|
|7||Ma Wen||30 August 2007||16 March 2013|
|8||Huang Shuxian (黄树贤)||16 March 2013||7 November 2016|
- Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China
- Corruption in China
- Ministries of China