Ministry of Tourism (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ministry of Tourism
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed1967
JurisdictionIndia
HeadquartersMinistry of Tourism
Transport Bhawan
Sansad Marg
New Delhi,110011
New Delhi
Annual budget2,150 crore (US$300 million) (2018–19 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Websitetourism.gov.in

The Ministry of Tourism, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to the development and promotion of tourism in India. It facilitates the Indian department of tourism. The head of the ministry is Minister of Tourism (India) held by Shri G. Kishan Reddy. To promote the GDP of the country indirectly and to have friendly relations with them, The Government of India announced officially a Visa on Arrival status/facility for International Visitors to enter/visit India from 43 countries including United States, Australia, Vietnam, Thailand, Vanuatu, Singapore, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Russian Federation, Brazil, Finland, Germany, Japan, Myanmar on 27 November 2014 and some more countries to follow soon.

India stole the limelight at the World Tourism Mart 2011 in London by winning two global awards - World's Leading Destination and World's Leading Tourist Board, Incredible India.[2]

History[edit]

The potential for tourism in India was first recognized with the setting up of a Tourist Traffic Committee, an ad-hoc body, in 1948, to suggest ways and means to promote tourism in India. Based on its recommendations, a tourist traffic branch was set up the following year, with regional offices in Delhi and Mumbai, and in 1951, in Kolkata and Chennai. A separate department of tourism under the government was first created on 1 March 1958, that was put under the ambit of Ministry of Transport and Communications. It was headed by a Director General in the rank of joint secretary. Simultaneously, Tourism Development Council, an advisory body, was constituted and was chaired by the minister in charge of tourism.[3]

After a fall in the number of tourists entering India in 1961 from the preceding year, the government constituted a committee headed by Lakshmi Kant Jha, then secretary in the Department of Economic Affairs, under the Ministry of Finance, to find and examine the reasons. The committee attributed it to the Chinese aggression in the backdrop of the Sino-Indian War that year. Subsequently, as per the committee's recommendations, visa norms were liberalized, and the India Tourism Development Corporation was established in 1966 as a functional agency of the Department of Tourism. Further, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi convened a conference in October that year, the deliberations of which resulted in the creation of the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation. Karan Singh was appointed the first minister.[3]

Despite his skills as an orator and scholarly knowledge in the Sanskrit language, Singh failed to take tourism on a growing path during the initial years, owing mostly to failure in getting funds for the promotion and infrastructure of tourism. He subsequently persuaded Air India to get their officers involved in promotion of tourism to India. Region-wise targets for arrivals were given and Air India chiefs were given powers to oversee the working of overseas tourist offices of India; 'Operation Europe' for the said region was later extended to other areas. Air India's failure to take this forward owing to losses in revenue "collision" of "egos of tourist officers" led to slump in growth of tourism. Prime minister Rajiv Gandhi later took charge of the ministry before quitting in favour of other ministers who, Pran Nath Seth in Successful Tourism wrote, "felt that the tourism portfolio was a demotion", as Civil Aviation was separated from the ministry. During this time, the Tourism was tied with Commerce Ministry, and later under V. P. Singh's ministry, in 1991 with Agriculture,[4] when it was headed by Chaudhary Devi Lal. It was again tied with Civil Aviation that year, headed by Madhavrao Scindia, before the Deve Gowda government in 1996 attached it with the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.[4] Tourism was then combined with culture portfolio when it was headed by Jagmohan. The latter was separated in 2002 and an independent ministry for tourism has been active since.[3]

List of Ministers of Tourism[edit]

No Name Portrait Term of Office Political party

(Alliance)

Prime Minister
1 Raj Bahadur[5] Raj Bahadur 2013 stamp of India.jpg 31 July 1965 24 January 1966 Indian National Congress Lal Bahadur Shastri
2 Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
(Minister of Transport, Aviation,
Shipping, and Tourism)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy.jpg 24 January 1966 16 March 1967 Indira Gandhi
3 Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg 13 March 1967 9 November 1973
(1) Raj Bahadur Raj Bahadur 2013 stamp of India.jpg 9 November 1973 22 December 1976
4 Kotha Raghuramaiah Kotha Raghuramaiah.jpg 23 December 1976 24 March 1977
5 Purushottam Kaushik 26 March 1977 15 July 1979
Janata Party
Morarji Desai
6 Mohammad Shafi Qureshi 30 July 1979 14 January 1980
Indian National Congress (Urs)
Charan Singh
7 Janaki Ballabh Patnaik Janaki Ballabh Patnaik.JPG 14 January 1980 8 June 1980 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
8 Anant Sharma Anant Prasad Sharma Official portrait 1983.jpg 19 October 1980 2 September 1982
9 Khurshed Alam Khan
(MoS, Independent Charge)
2 September 1982 31 December 1984
10 Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi at 7 Race course road 1988 (cropped).jpg 31 December 1984 25 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi
11 H. K. L. Bhagat 25 September 1985 12 May 1986
12 Mufti Mohammad Sayeed CM J&K,Mufti Mohammed Sayeed and Haji Anayat Ali during his oath ceremony on being elected as Chairman LC on 12 April, 2015 (cropped).jpg 12 May 1986 14 July 1987
13 Jagdish Tytler
(As MoS, Independent Charge)
Jagdish Tytler in Mumbai on January 6, 2005.jpg 14 July 1987 14 February 1988
14 Mohsina Kidwai 14 February 1988 25 June 1988
15 Shivraj Patil
(As MoS, Independent Charge)
Shivraj Patil.jpg 25 June 1988 2 December 1989
16 Arun Nehru 13 December 1989 7 November 1990
Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
17 Chaudhary Devi Lal Chaudhary Devi Lal stamp (cropped).jpg 21 November 1990 26 June 1991
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
Chandra Shekhar
18 Madhavrao Scindia 21 June 1991 10 January 1993 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
19 Ghulam Nabi Azad Ghulam Nabi Azad-cropped.JPG 17 January 1993 15 May 1996
20 V. Dhananjay Kumar 16 May 1996 1 June 1996
Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
21 C. M. Ibrahim C.M Ibrahim.jpg 1 June 1996 29 June 1996
Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
22 Srikant Kumar Jena Srikant Kumar Jena addressing in New Delhi on November 18, 2013 (cropped).jpg 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 I. K. Gujral
23 Madan Lal Khurana Madan Lal Khurana.jpg 19 March 1998 29 January 1999
Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
24 Ananth Kumar AnanthKumar.jpg 30 January 1999 13 October 1999
25 Uma Bharati
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Uma Bharti, Pachmarhi, MP, crop.jpg
13 October 1999 2 February 2000
(24) Ananth Kumar AnanthKumar.jpg 2 February 2000 1 September 2001
26 Jagmohan Jagmohan.jpg 1 September 2001 22 May 2004
27 Renuka Chowdhury
(MoS, Independent Charge)
23 May 2004 28 January 2006 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
28 Ambika Soni Ambika Soni.jpg 29 January 2006 22 May 2009
29 Selja Kumari Selja - Kolkata 2011-11-05 6516 Cropped.JPG 28 May 2009 19 January 2011
30 Subodh Kant Sahay 19 January 2011 28 October 2012
31 Chiranjeevi
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Chiranjeevi at Amitabh Bachchan's 70th birthday celebration (cropped).jpg
28 October 2012 26 May 2014
32 Shripad Naik
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Shripad Yasso Naik - Kolkata 2014-10-12 7755.JPG 26 May 2014 12 November 2014
Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
33 Mahesh Sharma
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Mahesh Sharma January 2015.jpg
12 November 2015 3 September 2017
34 Alphons Kannanthanam
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Alphons Kannanthanam (2019).jpg
3 September 2017 24 May 2019
35 Prahlad Singh Patel
(MoS, Independent Charge)
Prahlad Singh Patel.jpg 31 May 2019 7 July 2021
36 G. Kishan Reddy G._Kishan_Reddy 7 July 2021 Incumbent

List of Ministers of State[edit]

Minister of State in the Ministry of Tourism
Minister of state Portrait Political party Term Years
Shripad Naik Shripad Yasso Naik - Kolkata 2014-10-12 7755.JPG Bharatiya Janata Party 7 July 2021 Incumbent 69 days
Ajay Bhatt 7 July 2021 Incumbent 69 days

Campaigns[edit]

Incredible India[edit]

The Ministry of Tourism's joint secretary Amitabh Kant collaborated with Ogilvy & Mather to create the Incredible India marketing initiative, aiming to promote India's image as a high-end tourist destination.[6]

Incredible India 2.0 was launched on September 27, 2017 by President Ram Nath Kovind, on the occasion of World Tourism Day.[7]

Cleanliness Index[edit]

Union Tourism Ministry is planning to introduce "Cleanliness Index" for all cities in India. This index will declare the best performers which will motivate other cities to work on this aspect of their appeal. The methodology has been already formulated and will be implemented in 6 cities on a pilot basis.[8]

Tourism campaign at ITB Berlin[edit]

In 2011, Indian tourism department had launched a major tourism campaign at the ITB Berlin (the world's largest travel trade show) under the guidance of Mr Sanjay Kothari and Mr Anand Kumar and Mr M.N. Javed.[9]

Institutions[edit]

A number of educational institutions related to tourism and hospitality are governed by Ministry of Tourism. This include the Institutes of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition (IHMCTAN); e.g., IHM Delhi, IHM Kolkata, IHM Mumbai, IHM Bathinda, IHM Hajipur) etc along with Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM). In 2016, a few of the IHMCTANs (Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Jaipur) driven by inputs from the Ministry of Tourism, started giving a hotel management student the option to choose only vegetarian cooking. Earlier, it was compulsory for all IHMCTAN students to learn non-vegetarian cooking. This decision to offer a vegetarian option by IHMCTANs could possibly be the first amongst any of the hospitality training institutes of the world.[10][11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  2. ^ "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News Headlines, Live News Updates". News18. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Seth, Prem Nath (2006). Successful Tourism: Volume I: Fundamentals of Tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 214–217. ISBN 9788120731998. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b Seth, Pran Nath; Bhat, Sushma Seth (2003). An Introduction To Travel And Tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 64. ISBN 9788120724822. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Fifth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : RAJ BAHADUR, SHRI".
  6. ^ "Incredible India Campaign". Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ "President launches Incredible India 2.0 Campaign; 'Adopt a Heritage' Project". The Hindu: Business Line. 27 September 2017.
  8. ^ Retrieved from 'The Hindu' on 20 September 2014
  9. ^ PTI. "India launches tourism campaign at ITB Berlin". @businessline. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  10. ^ Dhawan, Himanshi (11 July 2016). "IHMs to offer 3-yr course in vegetarian cuisine". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Vegetarian Cooking Courses to be Introduced in Hotel Management Institutes". City of Jaipur. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2016.

External links[edit]