Ministry of Tourism (India)
|Headquarters||Ministry of Tourism|
|Annual budget||₹2,150 crore (US$310 million) (2018–19 est.)|
The Ministry of Tourism, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to the development and promotion of tourism in India. The head of the ministry is Minister of Tourism, a Minister of State (Independent Charge), held by Alphons Kannanthanam Since September 2017. To promote the GDP of the country indirectly and to have friendly relations with them, The Government of India announced officially a Visa on Arrival status/facility for International Visitors to enter/visit India from 43 countries including United States, Australia, Vietnam, Thailand, Vanuatu, Singapore, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Russian Federation, Brazil, Finland, Germany, Japan, Myanmar on 27 November 2014 and some more countries to follow soon.
The potential for tourism in India was first recognized with the setting up of a Tourist Traffic Committee, an ad-hoc body, in 1948, to suggest ways and means to promote tourism in India. Based on its recommendations, a tourist traffic branch was set up the following year, with regional offices in Delhi and Mumbai, and in 1951, in Kolkata and Chennai. A separate department of tourism under the government was first created on 1 March 1958, that was put under the ambit of Ministry of Transport and Communications. It was headed by a Director General in the rank of joint secretary. Simultaneously, Tourism Development Council, an advisory body, was constituted and was chaired by the minister in charge of tourism.
After a fall in the number of tourists entering India in 1961 from the preceding year, the government constituted a committee headed by Lakshmi Kant Jha, then secretary in the Department of Economic Affairs, under the Ministry of Finance, to find and examine the reasons. The committee attributed it to the Chinese aggression in the backdrop of the Sino-Indian War that year. Subsequently, as per the committee's recommendations, visa norms were liberlized, and the India Tourism Development Corporation was established in 1966 as a functional agency of the Department of Tourism. Further, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi convened a conference in October that year, the deliberations of which resulted in the creation of the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation. Karan Singh was appointed the first minister.
Despite his skills as an orator and scholarly knowledge in the Sanskrit language, Singh failed to take tourism on a growing path during the initial years, owing mostly to failure in getting funds for the promotion and infrastructure of tourism. He subsequently persuaded Air India to get their officers involved in promotion of tourism to India. Region-wise targets for arrivals were given and Air India chiefs were given powers to oversee the working of overseas tourist offices of India; 'Operation Europe' for the said region was later extended to other areas. Air India's failure to take this forward owing to losses in revenue "collision" of "egos of tourist officers" led to slump in growth of tourism. Prime minister Rajiv Gandhi later took charge of the ministry before quitting in favour of other ministers who, Pran Nath Seth in Successful Tourism wrote, "felt that the tourism portfolio was a demotion", as Civil Aviation was separated from the ministry. During this time, the Tourism was tied with Commerce Ministry, and later under V. P. Singh's ministry, in 1991 with Agriculture, when it was headed by Chaudhary Devi Lal. It was again tied with Civil Aviation that year, headed by Madhavrao Scindia, before the Deve Gowda government in 1996 attached it with the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs. Tourism was then combined with culture portfolio when it was headed by Jagmohan. The latter was separated in 2002 and an independent ministry for tourism has been active since.
List of Ministers of Tourism
|No||Name||Portrait||Term of Office||Political party
|1||Karan Singh||13 March 1967||9 November 1973||Indian National Congress||Indira Gandhi|
|2||Raj Bahadur||9 November 1973||22 December 1976|
|3||Kotha Raghuramaiah||23 December 1976||24 March 1977|
|4||Purushottam Kaushik||26 March 1977||15 July 1979||Morarji Desai|
|5||Mohammad Shafi Qureshi||30 July 1979||14 January 1980||Charan Singh|
|6||Janaki Ballabh Patnaik||14 January 1980||8 June 1980||Indian National Congress||Indira Gandhi|
|7||Anant Sharma||19 October 1980||2 September 1982|
|8||Khurshed Alam Khan||2 September 1982||31 December 1984|
|9||Rajiv Gandhi||31 December 1984||25 September 1985||Rajiv Gandhi|
|10||H. K. L. Bhagat||25 September 1985||12 May 1986|
|11||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||12 May 1986||14 July 1987|
|12||Mohsina Kidwai||14 February 1988||25 June 1988|
|13||Arun Nehru||13 December 1989||7 November 1990||
|V. P. Singh|
|14||Chaudhary Devi Lal||21 November 1990||26 June 1991||
|15||Madhavrao Scindia||21 June 1991||10 January 1993||Indian National Congress||P. V. Narasimha Rao|
|16||Ghulam Nabi Azad||17 January 1993||15 May 1996|
|17||V. Dhananjay Kumar||16 May 1996||1 June 1996||
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|18||C. M. Ibrahim||2 June 1996||22 April 1997||
|H. D. Deve Gowda|
|19||Srikant Kumar Jena||22 April 1997||19 March 1998||I. K. Gujral|
|20||Madan Lal Khurana||19 March 1998||29 January 1999||
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|21||Ananth Kumar||30 January 1999||13 October 1999|
|22||Uma Bharati||13 October 1999||2 February 2000|
|(21)||Ananth Kumar||2 February 2000||1 September 2001|
|23||Jagmohan||1 September 2001||22 May 2004|
|24||Renuka Chowdhury||23 May 2004||28 January 2006||
(United Progressive Alliance)
|25||Ambika Soni||29 January 2006||22 May 2009|
|26||Selja Kumari||28 May 2009||19 January 2011|
|27||Subodh Kant Sahay||19 January 2011||28 October 2012|
|28||Chiranjeevi||28 October 2012||15 May 2014|
|29||Shripad Naik||26 May 2014||12 November 2014||
(National Democratic Alliance)
|30||Mahesh Sharma||12 November 2015||3 September 2017|
|31||Alphons Kannanthanam||3 September 2017||Incumbent|
The Ministry of Tourism's joint secretary Amitabh Kant collaborated with Ogilvy & Mather to create the Incredible India marketing initiative, aiming to promote India's image as a high-end tourist destination.
Union Tourism Ministry is planning to introduce "Cleanliness Index" for all cities in India. This index will declare the best performers which will motivate other cities to work on this aspect of their appeal. The methodology has been already formulated and will be implemented in 6 cities on a pilot basis.
A number of educational institutions related to hospitality are governed by Ministry of Tourism. This include the Institutes of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition (IHMCTAN). In 2016, a few of the IHMCTANs (Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Jaipur) driven by inputs from Ministry of Tourism, started giving a hotel management student the option to choose only vegetarian cooking. Earlier, it was compulsory for all IHMCTAN students to learn non-vegetarian cooking. This decision to offer a vegetarian option by IHMCTANs could possibly be the first amongst any of the hospitality training institutes of the world.
- "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019.
- ": Ministries, Government of India Ministry of Culture - Sarkaritel.com".
- "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News Headlines, Live News Updates". News18.
- Seth, Prem Nath (2006). Successful Tourism: Volume I: Fundamentals of Tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 214–217. ISBN 9788120731998. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Seth, Pran Nath; Bhat, Sushma Seth (2003). An Introduction To Travel And Tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 64. ISBN 9788120724822. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Incredible India Campaign". Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "President launches Incredible India 2.0 Campaign; 'Adopt a Heritage' Project". The Hindu: Business Line. 27 September 2017.
- Retrieved from 'The Hindu' on 20 September 2014
- http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31808&articlexml=IHMs-to-offer-3-yr-course-in-vegetarian-11072016013026. Retrieved 30 August 2016. Missing or empty
- http://www.cityofjaipur.com/news/2016/07/13/vegetarian-cooking-courses-to-be-introduced-in-hotel-management-institutes/. Retrieved 30 August 2016. Missing or empty