Ministry of Transport (Myanmar)
Seal of the Ministry of Transport
|Dissolved||March 2016, 30|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Myanmar|
The Ministry of Transport (Burmese: ပို့ဆောင်ရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာန, 'MOT') is a ministry in the Burmese government responsible for the country's transport infrastructure. It also operates the Myanma Airways and Myanma Port Authority. The Department of Civil Aviation is subordinate to this ministry.
When Myanmar gained independence, the Ministry of Waterways and Civil Aviation and Ministry of Transport, Posts and Telecommunications were formed. In 1961, the above-mentioned ministries were merged and reconstituted as the Ministry of Transport and Communications with (11) organisations. In 1972, it was again reconstituted as the Ministry of Transport and Communications. It consists of (17) organisations.
In 1992, it was reconstituted into three ministries, namely Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Rail Transportation and Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs.
When the Ministry of Transport was first formed it has (4) departments, (5) enterprises and (1) training institute, totalling (10) organisations. The Meteorology and Hydrology Department was added to the Ministry of Transport on 20 August 1999. Myanmar Maritime University was inaugurated on 1 August 2002. Currently there are (5) departments, (5) enterprises (1) university and (1) college, totalling (12) organisations under the Ministry of Transport.
The Ministry of Transport organises with the following departments.
- Department of Transport
- Department of Civil Aviation
- Department of Marine Administration
- Department of Meteorology and Hydrology
- Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems
- Myanmar National Airlines
- Myanma Five Star Line
- Myanma Port Authority
- Inland Water Transport
- Myanma Shipyards
- Myanmar Maritime University
- Myanmar Mercantile Marine College
The following transport policies are laid down to fully support the economic development of the nation:
- To develop and fully utilise transport capacities to contribute towards the realisation of an economically strong, modern and developed nation.
- To fulfill transport requirements, and to extend and maintain the transport infrastructure to be able to fully support increased production from other economic sectors and meet growing public and social demands.
- To ensure smooth and secure domestic and international transport systems as well as contribute towards the development of border areas and national races and the development of tourism.
- To enable all-weather river transportation by maintenance and preservation of natural resources.
- To develop air and maritime transport infrastructures in line with international standards for environmental protection.
- To enhance the transport sector through human resources development and upgrade expertise in management and advancing modern technology.
- To abide by international conventions, acts, laws, rules and regulations with respect to the transport sector.
- To develop domestic and international transportation and actively take a key role in the implementation of a national multi-modal transport system.
- To plan for implementation of implement national, sub-regional and international transport networks.
- "Ministry Of Transport". Myanmar Online Data Information Network Solutions. 2002. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "History". Ministry of Transport. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "policies". Ministry of Transport. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.