Ministry of Transportation and Communications (Taiwan)
Kâu-thûng Phu (Hakka)
|Parent agency||Executive Yuan|
The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC; Chinese: 交通部; pinyin: Jiāotōngbù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kau-thong-pō͘) is a cabinet-level governmental body of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in charge of all policy and regulation of transportation and communications networks and administration of all transportation and communications operations and enterprises in Taiwan.
In Taiwan, transportation and communications operations comprise four categories: communications, transportation, meteorology, and tourism. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications is responsible for making policy, formulating laws and regulations, and overseeing operations in the area of transportation and communications.
Communications operations encompass postal services and telecommunications. Postal services are managed by the Taiwan Post Co., Ltd. In regard to telecommunications, the MOTC is responsible for overall planning of communications resources, assisting and promoting the communications industry, and fostering universal access to communications.
Transportation operations are divided into land, sea, and air transportation.
Land transportation comprises railways (including conventional railway, mass rapid transit, and high-speed rail) as well as highway transportation. Conventional railway is planned and sponsored by the Taiwan Railways Administration and Railway Reconstruction Bureau. Mass rapid transit systems are managed by the Bureau of High Speed Rail, Taipei City Government and Kaohsiung City Government. High-speed rail is managed by the Bureau of High Speed Rail. Highway transportation is managed by the Directorate General of Highways, Taipei City Government, and Kaohsiung City Government. Expressways are constructed by the National Expressway Engineering Bureau, and managed and maintained by the National Expressway Bureau under this ministry, respectively.
Sea transportation consists of water transport and harbors. Shipping carriers of water transport are privately operated, while all harbors are operated by the various harbor bureaus under this ministry.
Air transportation includes airline companies and airports. Airline companies are privately operated, while airports and flight navigation services are operated by the Civil Aeronautics Administration under this ministry.
Also the Central Weather Bureau under this ministry handles all national meteorological operations.
And the Tourism Bureau under this ministry provides planning and oversight for tourism development.
The administrators of MOTC include the Minister, Executive Vice Minister and two Administrative Deputy Ministers.
MOTC is divided into Internal Division and External Division.
Secretariat, Office of Technical Superintendents, Office of Counselors, Department of General Affairs, Department of Personnel, Department of Civil Service Ethics, Department of Accounting, Department of Statistics, Legal Affairs Committee, Petition Reviewing Committee, Road Traffic Safety Committee, Office of Science and Technology Advisors, Information Management Center, Transportation Mobilization Committee, Department of Railways and Highways, Department of Posts and Telecommunications, Department of Navigation and Aviation, Transportation and Communications Management Unit.
- Freeway Bureau
- Civil Aeronautics Administration
- Tourism Bureau
- Directorate General of Highways
- Central Weather Bureau
- Railway Bureau
- Maritime and Port Bureau
- Institute of Transportation
- Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd.
- Taiwan Railways Administration
- Taoyuan International Airport Corporation
- Taiwan International Ports Corporation
List of Ministers
- Wang Boqun (1927 – 1931)
- Chen Mingshu (December 1931 – October 1932)
- Huang Shaohong (July 1932 – December 1935)
- Chu Chia-hua (October 1932 – December 1935)
- Yu Feipeng (1935) (acting)
- Ku Meng-yu (1935 – 1937)
- Yu Feipeng (March 1937 – 1938)
- Chang Kia-ngau (1938 – 1942)
- Zeng Yangfu (December 1942 – February 1945)
- Yu Feipeng (February 1945 – May 1946)
- Yu Dawei (May 1946 - May 1948)
|№||Name||Term of Office||Days||Party||Premier|
|1||Yu Dawei (俞大維)||31 May 1948||8 February 1949||253||Independent||Weng Wenhao|
|—||Ling Hongxun (凌鴻勛)||8 February 1949||21 March 1949||41||Kuomintang||Sun Fo|
|2||Duanmu Jie (端木傑)||21 March 1949||1 February 1950||317||Independent||He Yingqin|
|—||Yan Xishan (閻錫山)||18 December 1949||1 February 1950||45||Kuomintang||Yan Xishan|
|3||Chen Liang (陳良)||1 February 1950||15 March 1950||42||Kuomintang||Yan Xishan|
Chen Cheng I
|4||He Zhong-han (賀衷寒)||15 March 1950||1 June 1954||1539||Kuomintang||Chen Cheng I|
|5||Yuan Shou-chien (袁守謙)||1 June 1954||23 July 1960||2244||Kuomintang||Chen Cheng I|
Chen Cheng II
|6||Shen Yi (沈怡)||23 July 1960||11 December 1967||2697||Kuomintang||Chen Cheng II|
|7||Sun Yun-suan (孫運璿)||11 December 1967||11 October 1969||670||Kuomintang||Yen Chia-kan|
|8||Chang Chi-cheng (張繼正)||11 October 1969||1 June 1972||964||Kuomintang||Yen Chia-kan|
|9||Kao Yu-shu (高玉樹)||1 June 1972||11 June 1976||1471||Independent||Chiang Ching-kuo|
|10||Lin Chin-sheng (林金生)||11 June 1976||1 December 1981||1999||Kuomintang||Chiang Ching-kuo|
|11||Lien Chan (連戰)||1 December 1981||23 April 1987||1969||Kuomintang||Sun Yun-suan|
|12||Kuo Nan-hung (郭南宏)||23 April 1987||1 June 1989||770||Kuomintang||Yu Kuo-hwa|
|13||Clement Chang (張建邦)||1 June 1989||24 April 1991||692||Kuomintang||Lee Huan|
|—||Ma Cheng-fang (馬鎮方)||24 April 1991||1 June 1991||38||Kuomintang||Hau Pei-tsun|
|14||Eugene Chien (簡又新)||1 June 1991||27 February 1993||637||Kuomintang||Hau Pei-tsun|
|15||Liu Chao-shiuan (劉兆玄)||27 February 1993||10 June 1996||1199||Kuomintang||Lien Chan|
|16||Tsay Jaw-yang (蔡兆陽)||10 June 1996||1 April 1998||660||Kuomintang||Lien Chan|
|17||Lin Fong-cheng (林豐正)||1 April 1998||27 March 2000||726||Kuomintang||Vincent Siew|
|—||George Chen (陳世圯)||27 March 2000||20 May 2000||54||Kuomintang||Vincent Siew|
|18||Yeh Chu-lan (葉菊蘭)||20 May 2000||1 February 2002||622||Democratic Progressive Party||Tang Fei|
Chang Chun-hsiung I
|19||Lin Ling-san (林陵三)||1 February 2002||25 January 2006||1454||Democratic Progressive Party||Yu Shyi-kun|
|20||Kuo Yao-chi (郭瑤琪)||25 January 2006||22 August 2006||209||Democratic Progressive Party||Su Tseng-chang|
|21||Tsai Duei (蔡堆)||22 August 2006||20 May 2008||637||Kuomintang||Su Tseng-chang|
Chang Chun-hsiung II
|22||Mao Chi-kuo (毛治國)||20 May 2008||18 February 2013||1735||Kuomintang||Liu Chao-shiuan|
|23||Yeh Kuang-shih (葉匡時)||18 February 2013||13 January 2015||694||Kuomintang||Jiang Yi-huah|
|—||Chen Jian-yu (陳建宇)||13 January 2015||24 January 2015||11||Independent||Mao Chi-kuo|
|24||Chen Jian-yu (陳建宇)||24 January 2015||20 May 2016||482||Independent||Mao Chi-kuo|
|25||Hochen Tan (賀陳旦)||20 May 2016||16 July 2018||787||Independent||Lin Chuan|
|26||Wu Hong-mo (吳宏謀)||16 July 2018||Incumbent||118||Independent||William Lai|
- "Organization - Ministry Of Transportation And Communications R.O.C". Motc.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
- "交通部 - Google Maps". Maps.google.com. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ministry of Transportation and Communications (Republic of China).|
- Ministry of Transportation and Communications (in Chinese)