Ministry of the Interior (Argentina)
|Ministerio del Interior|
Headquarters of the Ministry of the Interior
|Headquarters||Av. 25 de Mayo 101, Buenos Aires|
|Annual budget||$ 60,725,000 (2018)|
|Parent department||Government of Argentina|
The Ministry of the Interior (Spanish: Ministerio del Interior) of Argentina is a ministry of the national executive power that manages issues pertaining to domestic politics such as immigration and co-ordination between the federal government and the governments of the provinces of Argentina.
The Ministry of the Interior is one of the oldest ministries in the Argentine government, having existed continuously since the formation of the first Argentine executive in 1854, in the presidency of Justo José de Urquiza. The incumbent minister is Eduardo de Pedro, who has served since 10 December 2019 in the cabinet of Alberto Fernández.
The Ministry of the Interior was one of the first five cabinet ministries formed by the first president of the Argentine Confederation, Justo José de Urquiza, upon his ascension to the presidency on 5 March 1854. The first interior minister was Benjamín Gorostiaga. The name of the ministry remained unchanged for over a century until the presidency of Juan Domingo Perón, when it was merged with the Justice portfolio under the administration of Ángel Borlenghi.
The military administration of Eduardo Lonardi restored the ministry its former name in 1955, and it wasn't until 2012 during the presidency of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner that an additional portfolio, this time that of the transport ministry, was incorporated into the Interior portfolio. The successive administration of Mauricio Macri added further responsibilities, merging the ministry with public works and housing.
In 2019, President Alberto Fernández reorganized the cabinet ministries and separated the public works and housing responsibilities from the Interior Ministry, rendering back to its original name again.
Attributions and structure
Article 17 of the current Law on Ministries, adopted in 2019, lays out the purported attributions and responsibilities of the Ministry of the Interior of Argentina. According to the law, it is within the Ministry's responsibilities to assist the President and the Chief of Cabinet on all matters pertaining to the internal governance and the exercise of principles and constitutional guarantees, safekeeping the republican, representative and federal government.
Some particular issues that are within the ministry's jurisdiction include judging on when it is pertinent to declare a state of siege; dealing with proposals of constitutional reform and organizing constitutional conventions when it is necessary; and maintaining a state of co-operation between the governments of the provinces of Argentina and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, including inter-jurisdictional matters and relations, and coordinating policies that help and promote regional growth.
Structure and dependencies
The Ministry of Agriculture counts with a number of centralized and decentralized dependencies. The centralized dependencies, as in other government ministers, are known as secretariats (secretarías) and undersecretariats (subsecretarías); there are currently three of these:
- Secretariat of the Interior (Secretaría del Interior)
- Undersecretariat of the Interior (Subsecretaría del Interior)
- Secretariat of Provinces (Secretaría de Provincias)
- Undersecretariat of Provincial Relations (Subsecretaría de Relaciones con Provincias)
- Undersecretariat of Development Policies with Regional Equality (Subsecretaría de Políticas para el Desarrollo con Equidad Regional)
- Secretariat of Municipalities (Secretaría de Municipios)
- Undersecretariat of Municipal Relations (Subsecretaría de Relaciones Municipales)
- Secretariat of Political Affairs (Secretaría de Asuntos Políticos)
- National Institute for Political Training (Instituto Nacional de Capacitación Política)
Several decentralized agencies also report to the Ministry of the Interior, such as the National Directorate for Migration (Dirección Nacional de Migraciones; DNM), the National Persons Registry (Registro Nacional de las Personas, Renaper), and the General Archive of the Nation.
The Ministry of the Interior is headquartered at 25 de Mayo Avenue 101, in the San Nicolás barrio in Buenos Aires. The building originally housed the headquarters of the Central Argentine Railway.
List of ministers
- "¿Qué hace el Presupuesto por vos?". Ministerio de Hacienda (in Spanish). 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "JUSTO JOSÉ DE URQUIZA (1854 – 1860)". casarosada.gob.ar (in Spanish). 9 December 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- Lonigro, Félix (1 May 2019). "Debates acalorados, noches de baile en Santa Fe y un prócer olvidado: cómo nació la Constitución Nacional". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "El Gobierno creó por decreto el ministerio de Interior y Transporte". Perfil (in Spanish). 6 June 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Frigerio presentó el gabinete del ministerio del Interior, Obras Públicas y Vivienda". Télam (in Spanish). 23 December 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Quién es Wado de Pedro, el dirigente de La Cámpora que será ministro del Interior". TN (in Spanish). 6 December 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Decreto 7/2019". Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina (in Spanish). 10 December 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Ministerio del Interior". argentina.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- "Ministerio del Interior". jefatura.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "La comunidad senegalesa reclama la inclusión en medidas de ayuda económica". Notas Periodismo Popular (in Spanish). 21 April 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Las Oficina móvil del RENAPER en los barrios de la ciudad". Tiempo Sur (in Spanish). 22 September 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Ministerio Del Interior". Guía Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "EDIFICIOS SEDE DEL MINISTERIO DE INTERIOR, OBRAS PÚBLICAS Y VIVIENDA". Ministerio del Interior, Obras Públicas y Vivienda (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- Official website of the Ministry of the Interior (in Spanish)