Minju Choson

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Minju Choson
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 민주조선
Hancha 民主朝鮮
Revised Romanization Minju Joseon
McCune–Reischauer Minju Chosŏn
Minju Choson.jpg
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Cabinet of North Korea
Founded 1945 (1945)
Political alignment Socialism, Juche, Songun, Communism
Headquarters Pyongyang, North Korea

Minju Choson (Korean: 민주조선, 'Democratic Korea') is a state-run North Korean government newspaper. It is published in Pyongyang. It was started in 1945.[1] It's the principal newspaper of the Cabinet of North Korea.

History[edit]

Minju Choson began as Pyongyang Ilbo, the organ of the South Pyongan People's Committee. In October 1945, it changed its name to the current one, as it became the organ of the North Korean Provincial People's Committee, and took its current position in September 1948 when the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was officially established.[citation needed]

Overview[edit]

Unlike Rodong Sinmun, it handles more administrative matters, such as decisions and orders of the Cabinet, laws, regulations and policy issues. The official mission of the newspaper is to "arm the workers of the people's governing bodies and the national economic bodies with the Great Leader's revolutionary thought and Juche ideology, and to greatly help the entire society in accomplishing Juche exploits by holding the workers firmly around the Party and the Great Leader and forcefully organizing and mobilizing them".[2]

New Year editorials[edit]

As a tradition since 1996, along with the two other main state run newspapers in North Korea and the Korean Central news agency, Rodong Minju Choson publishes a joint New Year editorial that outlines the country's policies for the year. The editorials usually offer praise for the Songun policy, the government and leadership, and encourage the growth of the nation. They are also critical of the policies of South Korea, Japan, the United States, and Western governments towards the country.[3][4] On January 1, 2006, the agency sent out a joint-editorial from North Korea's state newspapers calling for the withdrawal of American troops from South Korea.[5] While annual January 1 editorials are a tradition among the papers, that year's brought attention from Western media outlets, by calling for a "nationwide campaign for driving out the U.S. troops".[6] The editorial made several references to Korean reunification. The 2009 editorial received similar attention, as criticism of United States policy was absent, and the admission of severe economic problems in the country. The editorial also made reference to denuclearisation on the Korean peninsula, in what analysts claimed was a "hopeful" sign.[7][8] This was echoed again in its 2010 editorial, which called for an end to hostilities with the United States and a nuclear free Korean Peninsula.[9]

The 2011 joint editorial edition, aside from its calls for a denuclearized Korea and for a slowdown of tensions between the two Koreas, has for the first time, mentioned the rising light industries of the DPRK, given as a reason for an upcoming upsurge in the national economy in the new year and for the achievement of the Kangsong Taeguk national mission.

The 2012 joint editorial edition, the first under Kim Jong-un's leadership, started with a great tribute to Kim Jong-il and aside from recurring calls for improving inter-Korean relations and for the fulfillment of the October 4 Declaration of 2007, also called on the whole nation to give priority to do Kim Jong-il's 2012 mission of Strong and Prosperous Nation, continue his and his father Kim Il-sung's legacies to the entire country and the socialist cause, and to build up and encourage the various sectors that compose the nation to become contributors to national progress in all areas at all costs.

This practice ended in 2013 when Kim Jong-un delivered the first New Year speech on television in 19 years.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minju Choson". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1979. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ Yonhap News Agency (2002). North Korea Handbook. Seoul: M.E. Sharpe. p. 414. ISBN 978-0-7656-3523-5. 
  3. ^ North Korea issues New Year denuclearization pledge. Reuters. December 31, 2008.
  4. ^ N. Korea Vows to Rebuild Economy in New Year Message, The Korea Times, January 1, 2009.
  5. ^ "Joint New Year Editorial Issued" Archived 2013-05-24 at the Wayback Machine., KCNA, January 1, 2006.
  6. ^ "North Korea Demands U.S. Troop Withdrawal" Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine.. .Fox News. December 31, 2005.
  7. ^ 2009 Joint New Year Editorial Issued, KCNA, January 1, 2009.
  8. ^ North Korea message is mild on US. BBC News. January 1, 2009.
  9. ^ Kim, Sam (January 1, 2010). N. Korea calls for end to enmity with U.S., hints at return to nuclear talks. Yonhap.
  10. ^ Mullen, By Jethro; Schwarz, Tim (1 January 2013). "In first New Year speech, North Korea's Kim Jong Un calls for economic revamp". CNN. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 

External links[edit]