Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport
Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport
|Owner/Operator||Metropolitan Airports Commission|
|Serves||Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota (Twin Cities)|
|Location||Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, U.S.|
|Elevation AMSL||841 ft / 256 m|
FAA airport diagram
Source: Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport
Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP, FAA LID: MSP), also less commonly known as Wold–Chamberlain Field, is a joint civil-military public use international airport. It is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, United States. Centrally located within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of both downtown Minneapolis and downtown Saint Paul, MSP is the largest and busiest airport in the Upper Midwest region of Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
A joint civil-military airport, MSP is also home to the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station, supporting both Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard flight operations. The airport is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory. Small sections of the airport border the city limits of Minneapolis and Richfield. However, Minnesota state law states, the land the airport sits on is not part of any city or school district. MSP covers 2,930 acres (1,186 ha) of land. The airport generates an estimated $15.9 billion a year for the Twin Cities' economy and supports 87,000 workers.
MSP is a major hub for Delta Air Lines. It also serves as the home airport for Minnesota-based Sun Country Airlines. Delta Air Lines and its regional affiliates account for about 70% of the airport's passenger traffic. The airport is operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission, which also handles the operation of six smaller airports in the region.
What is now known as Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport started in 1919 as Speedway Field when several local groups came together to take control of the former bankrupt Twin City Speedway race track. The first hangar was a wooden structure, constructed in 1920 for airmail services. The Minneapolis Park Board took possession of Wold–Champerlain on June 1, 1928, and in 1929, passenger services began.  In 1923, the airport was renamed "Wold–Chamberlain Field" for the World War I pilots Ernest Groves Wold and Cyrus Foss Chamberlain. In 1944 the site was renamed to "Minneapolis–St. Paul Metropolitan Airport/Wold-Chamberlain Field", with "International" replacing "Metropolitan" four years later. Today it is rare to see the Wold–Chamberlain portion of the name used anywhere.
Ground was broken for the current Terminal 1 building on October 26, 1958. The US $8.5 million, 600,000 square foot (56,000 m2) terminal with 24 gates on two concourses was designed by Lyle George Landstrom who worked for Cerny Associates. The terminal, then referred to as the New Terminal, was completed on January 13, 1962 and operations began on January 21. Pier D (formerly the Gold Concourse, now Concourse C) was completed in 1971 and Pier A (formerly the Green Concourse, now Concourse G) was completed in 1972 as part of an expansion of the terminal designed by Cerny Associates. This project also involved rebuilding the existing concourses into bi-level structures equipped with holding rooms and jet bridges. The Gold Concourse was expanded in 1986 and included the airport's first moving walkway. Concourses A and B opened on June 1, 2002 as part of a $250 million terminal expansion designed by Minneapolis-based Architectural Alliance. The final component of the project included a $17.5 million extension of Concourse C consisting of six additional gates, which opened on October 31, 2002.
Terminal 2 was first built in 1986 and then rebuilt in 2001. It is used mostly for charter and low cost airlines, including Minnesota-based Sun Country and Southwest, but is also used for Condor, Icelandair and JetBlue. The terminal has since been expanded and has a total of 14 gates. The colored labeling system for concourses in both terminals was replaced beginning in 2000 with the current system of lettered concourses.
Due in part to aircraft noise in south Minneapolis and surrounding suburbs, proposals were made in the 1990s to build a new airport on the fringes of the Twin Cities metro in Dakota County to handle larger jets and more international traffic. Minneapolis and other neighboring cities were concerned that such a move would have a negative economic impact, so an arrangement was made where the Metropolitan Airports Commission would outfit many homes in the vicinity of the airport with sound insulation and air conditioning so that indoor noise could be reduced. A citizen group named ROAR (Residents Opposed to Airport Racket) was created in 1998 and helped push the MAC to make these concessions. Later, in 2004, the MAC voted to reduce funding for the soundproofing projects, saying in part that the economic climate had turned in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Minneapolis Mayor R. T. Rybak, who had been a founding member of ROAR, promised that the city would challenge the changes. In 2005, the cities of Minneapolis, Eagan, and Richfield and the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority filed a lawsuit against the MAC, which was settled with a Consent Decree in 2007. The terms in the Consent Decree specified levels of sound insulation for homes within a fixed boundary of projected aircraft noise exposure around MSP. Upon the completion of the noise mitigation program in 2014, more than 15,000 single-family homes and 3,303 multi-family units around MSP were provided noise mitigation at cost of $95 million. 
- Terminal 1 contains 117 gates across seven concourses, lettered A–G.
- Terminal 2 contains 14 gates across one concourse, lettered H.
Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport is the only major airport in the United States to have two terminals located on entirely separate roadway systems. Originally known as the Lindbergh and Humphrey terminals, numeric designations were added to the names and highway signs and other way-finding aids related to MSP were updated in 2010 in order to assist travelers in locating the terminals. 
The terminal buildings are directly located off of Minnesota State Highway 5. Several other major highways that border the airport are Minnesota State Highway 62, Minnesota State Highway 77, and Interstate 494.
Metro Transit operates bus route 54 to MSP. The bus stop is located at Terminal 1. Passengers arriving in Terminal 2 must take the light rail to the bus stop location.
The METRO light rail Blue Line has stops at both the Hub Building Terminal 1 (Lindbergh Station) and Terminal 2 Humphrey Terminal (Humphrey Station). It connects the airport with downtown Minneapolis as well as with the Mall of America in nearby Bloomington and operates as a shuttle service between the two airport terminals. Travelers can use the rail line to go between the two sites at all times; it is the only part of the line that operates continuously through the night (the rest shuts down for about four hours early in the morning). Two parallel tunnels for the line run roughly 70 feet (21 meters) below the airport and at 1.7 mi (2.7 km) in length are the longest tunnels on the route. The Terminal 1 station is the only underground station on the line, as the rails return to the surface near Terminal 2. Due to current concerns about terrorism, a great deal of effort went into ensuring that the tunnels are highly blast-resistant. The underground portion was the costliest section of the entire rail project.
The Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station at MSP is home to the 934th Airlift Wing (934 AW), an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit and the 133d Airlift Wing (133 AW) of the Minnesota Air National Guard. Both units fly the C-130 Hercules and are operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). The 934th consists of over 1,300 military personnel, of which approximately 250 are full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel. The 133rd is similarly manned, making for a total military presence of over 2,600 full-time and part-time personnel.
The 934 AW serves as the "host" wing for the installation, which also includes lodging/billeting, officers club, Base Exchange (BX) and other morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) facilities for active, reserve/national guard and retired military personnel and their families.
Airlines and destinations
Top domestic destinations
|1||Denver, Colorado||406,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, United|
|2||Atlanta, Georgia||354,000||Delta, Spirit|
|3||Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona||349,000||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|4||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||266,000||American, Delta, Sun Country, United|
|5||Las Vegas, Nevada||263,000||Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|6||Orlando, Florida||250,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|7||Los Angeles, California||235,000||Delta, Spirit, Sun Country|
|8||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||218,000||American, Delta, Sun Country|
|9||Seattle/Tacoma, Washington||217,000||Alaska, Delta|
|10||Fort Myers, Florida||206,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
Top international destinations
|1||Amsterdam, Netherlands||533,796||Delta, KLM|
|2||Cancún, Mexico||288,280||Delta, Sun Country|
|3||Toronto–Pearson, Canada||275,851||Air Canada, Delta|
|4||Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France||224,655||Air France, Delta|
|9||Reykjavík–Keflavík, Iceland||126,559||Delta, Icelandair|
|10||London–Heathrow, United Kingdom||125,557||Delta|
|1||Delta Air Lines||7,496,000||49.26%|
Accidents and incidents
- On March 7, 1950, Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 307, a Martin 2-0-2 diverted from Rochester International Airport crashed 5 km northwest of MSP after first hitting a 70 foot high flagpole with its left wing on final approach, 8/10 of a mile from the touchdown point, in blinding snow. The left wing eventually detached and the aircraft dived and crashed into a house. All 13 passengers and crew and two children in the house were killed. A loss of visual reference to the ground on approach was the probable cause.
- On May 10, 2005, Northwest Flight 1495, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, suffered a valve fracture and lost hydraulic pressure in its right engine shortly after takeoff from John Glenn Columbus International Airport on route to MSP. The aircraft performed a successful emergency landing, but began experiencing steering problems and a loss of the breaks while taxing to the gate, resulting in it colliding with the wing of an Airbus A319-114 at approximately 16 mph. 8 injuries were reported between the crew and passengers of both planes and the ground crew. 
- There have been multiple instances of aircraft and tugs colliding. On June 3, 1995, miscommunication resulted in a pilot taxiing into a tug near a gate  On April 1, 2001 as a tug driver was moving into position to connect to an aircraft, the tug lurched forward when it was placed into gear it causing it to collide into the parked aircraft. Pieces of the aircraft protruded through the windshield and pinned the driver into his seat preventing him from shifting the vehicle into reverse and pinning his leg on the accelerator pedal. The vehicle continued to drive forward until the engine was finally shut off, but not before pushing the aircraft backward about 30 feet and causing damage to the nose section of the fuselage. 
- On June 11, 2007, US Senator Larry Craig was arrested at the airport for lewd conduct in a men's restroom; he was accused of soliciting a male undercover police officer for sexual activity. He served out the remainder of his term in office, but did not seek re-election.
- Blue Line
- List of airports in Minnesota
- Metro Transit
- Minneapolis–St. Paul Airport Trams
- Minnesota World War II Army Airfields
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- "Flight Timetable". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
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- "Route Map and Schedule". Archived from the original on December 5, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Timetable". Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- "Frontier". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- "Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport". Icelandair. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
- "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- "View the Timetable". Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Book Today: Southwest Airlines takes off for Myrtle Beach, S.C, beginning May 23; Fares as low As $69 One-Way, and golf bags fly free!". Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "Check Flight Schedules". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- "Where We Fly". Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- "Sun Country To Soon Offer 9 New Nonstop Flights Out Of MSP". WCCO 4 CBS Minnesota. CBS Broadcasting Inc. January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
- "Route Map". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
- "Timetable". Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- "Minneapolis–St Paul International (MSP) Summary Statistics". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
- "Minneapolis–St Paul International (MSP) International Statistics". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
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- Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
- National Transportation Safety Board (April 25, 2007). Aviation Accident Final Report - CHI05MA111A (Report).
- National Transportation Safety Board (February 26, 1996). Aviation Accident Final Report - CHI95LA170 (Report).
- National Transportation Safety Board (July 2, 2002). Aviation Accident Final Report - CHI01FA129 (Report).
- Jeanne Huff (September 17, 2007). "Tourists flock to Minneapolis airport men's room". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- Cite error: The named reference
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- "Larry Craig – U.S. Congress Votes Database". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 3, 2011.
Media related to Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- "Minnesota Airport Directory: Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport (Wold–Chamberlain Field)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 21, 2003. (245 KB)
- MAC Noise Homepage (official—interactive maps of flights and noise data)
- Live Air Traffic Control streams including MSP
- Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields: Minnesota – used for information on former airports
- (PDF), effective March 25, 2021
- Resources for this airport:
- Airport diagram for October 1959