Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport
Wold–Chamberlain Field
Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Logo.svg
Delta - Concourse C @ MSP Airport (8486514293).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorMetropolitan Airports Commission
ServesMinneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota (Twin Cities)
LocationFort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, United States
Opened1920 (1920)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL841 ft / 256 m
Coordinates44°52′55″N 093°13′18″W / 44.88194°N 93.22167°W / 44.88194; -93.22167Coordinates: 44°52′55″N 093°13′18″W / 44.88194°N 93.22167°W / 44.88194; -93.22167
Websitemspairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4/22 11,006 3,355 Concrete
12R/30L 10,000 3,048 Concrete
12L/30R 8,200 2,499 Concrete
17/35 8,000 2,438 Concrete
Statistics (2020)
Passengers14,851,289
Traffic Movements244,911
Source: Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport[1]

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP, FAA LID: MSP), also less commonly known as Wold-Chamberlain Field, is a joint civil-military public use international airport. It is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, United States. Centrally located within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of both downtown Minneapolis and downtown Saint Paul, MSP is the busiest airport in the Upper Midwest.[2]

A joint civil-military airport, MSP is home to the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station, supporting both Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard flight operations. The airport is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory. Small sections of the airport border the city limits of Minneapolis and Richfield. However, under Minnesota state law, the parcel of land covered by the airport is not part of any city or school district.[3] MSP covers 2,930 acres (1,186 ha) of land.[4] The airport generates an estimated $15.9 billion a year for the Twin Cities' economy and supports 87,000 workers.[5]

MSP is a major hub for Delta Air Lines.[6] It also serves as the home airport for Minnesota-based Sun Country Airlines. Delta Air Lines and its regional affiliates account for about 70% of the airport's passenger traffic. The airport is operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission, which also handles the operation of six smaller airports in the region.

History[edit]

What is now known as Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport started in 1919 as Speedway Field when several local groups came together to take control of the former bankrupt Twin City Speedway race track. The first hangar was a wooden structure, constructed in 1920 for airmail services.[7] The Minneapolis Park Board took possession of Wold–Champerlain on June 1, 1928, and in 1929, passenger services began.[7][8] In 1923, the airport was renamed "Wold–Chamberlain Field" for the World War I pilots Ernest Groves Wold and Cyrus Foss Chamberlain. In 1944 the site was renamed to "Minneapolis–St. Paul Metropolitan Airport/Wold-Chamberlain Field", with "International" replacing "Metropolitan" four years later. Today it is rare to see the Wold–Chamberlain portion of the name used anywhere.

Expansions[edit]

Ground was broken for the current Terminal 1 building on October 26, 1958.[9] The US $8.5 million, 600,000 square foot (56,000 m2) terminal with 24 gates on two concourses was designed by Lyle George Landstrom.[10] who worked for Cerny Associates. The terminal, then referred to as the New Terminal, was completed on January 13, 1962, and operations began on January 21.[9][11] Pier D (formerly the Gold Concourse, now Concourse C) was completed in 1971 and Pier A (formerly the Green Concourse, now Concourse G) was completed in 1972 as part of an expansion of the terminal designed by Cerny Associates.[11][12] This project also involved rebuilding the existing concourses into bi-level structures equipped with holding rooms and jet bridges.[11] The Gold Concourse was expanded in 1986 and included the airport's first moving walkway.[9] Concourses A and B opened on June 1, 2002, as part of a $250 million terminal expansion designed by Minneapolis-based Architectural Alliance.[13] The final component of the project included a $17.5 million extension of Concourse C consisting of six additional gates, which opened on October 31, 2002.[14]

Terminal 2 was first built in 1986 and then rebuilt in 2001. It is used mostly for charter and low cost airlines, including Minnesota-based Sun Country and Southwest, but is also used for Condor, Icelandair and JetBlue. The terminal has since been expanded and has a total of 14 gates. The colored labeling system for concourses in both terminals was replaced beginning in 2000 with the current system of lettered concourses.

Recent history[edit]

Due in part to aircraft noise in south Minneapolis and surrounding suburbs, proposals were made in the 1990s to build a new airport on the fringes of the Twin Cities metro in Dakota County to handle larger jets and more international traffic.[15] Minneapolis and other neighboring cities were concerned that such a move would have a negative economic impact, so an arrangement was made where the Metropolitan Airports Commission would outfit many homes in the vicinity of the airport with sound insulation and air conditioning so that indoor noise could be reduced. A citizen group named ROAR (Residents Opposed to Airport Racket) was created in 1998 and helped push the MAC to make these concessions. Later, in 2004, the MAC voted to reduce funding for the soundproofing projects, saying in part that the economic climate had turned in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Minneapolis Mayor R. T. Rybak, who had been a founding member of ROAR, promised that the city would challenge the changes. In 2005, the cities of Minneapolis, Eagan, and Richfield and the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority filed a lawsuit against the MAC, which was settled with a Consent Decree in 2007. The terms in the Consent Decree specified levels of sound insulation for homes within a fixed boundary of projected aircraft noise exposure around MSP. Upon the completion of the noise mitigation program in 2014, more than 15,000 single-family homes and 3,303 multi-family units around MSP were provided noise mitigation at cost of $95 million.[16]

Facilities[edit]

Delta Airlines jets parked at Concourse C

Terminals[edit]

Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport has two terminals with a total of 131 gates.[17] International arrivals are processed in Concourse G in Terminal 1, and in Terminal 2.[17]

  • Terminal 1 contains 117 gates across seven concourses, lettered A–G.[17]
  • Terminal 2 contains 14 gates across one concourse, lettered H.[18]

Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport is the only major airport in the United States to have two terminals located on entirely separate roadway systems.[dubious ] Originally known as the Lindbergh and Humphrey terminals, numeric designations were added to the names and highway signs and other way-finding aids related to MSP were updated in 2010 in order to assist travelers in locating the terminals.[19]

Ground transportation[edit]

The terminal buildings are directly located off of Minnesota State Highway 5. Several other major highways that border the airport are Minnesota State Highway 62, Minnesota State Highway 77, and Interstate 494.

Metro Transit operates bus route 54 to MSP. The bus stop is located at Terminal 1. Passengers arriving in Terminal 2 must take the light rail to the bus stop location.

The METRO light rail Blue Line[20] has stops at both the Hub Building Terminal 1 (Lindbergh Station) and Terminal 2 Humphrey Terminal (Humphrey Station). It connects the airport with downtown Minneapolis as well as with the Mall of America in nearby Bloomington and operates as a shuttle service between the two airport terminals. Travelers can use the rail line to go between the two sites at all times; it is the only part of the line that operates continuously through the night (the rest shuts down for about four hours early in the morning).[21] Two parallel tunnels for the line run roughly 70 feet (21 meters) below the airport and at 1.7 mi (2.7 km) in length are the longest tunnels on the route. The Terminal 1 station is the only underground station on the line, as the rails return to the surface near Terminal 2. Due to current concerns about terrorism, a great deal of effort went into ensuring that the tunnels are highly blast-resistant. The underground portion was the costliest section of the entire rail project.[22]

Military facilities[edit]

The Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station at MSP is home to the 934th Airlift Wing (934 AW), an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit and the 133d Airlift Wing (133 AW) of the Minnesota Air National Guard. Both units fly the C-130 Hercules and are operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). The 934th consists of over 1,300 military personnel, of which approximately 250 are full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel. The 133rd is similarly manned, making for a total military presence of over 2,600 full-time and part-time personnel.

The 934 AW serves as the "host" wing for the installation, which also includes lodging/billeting, officers club, Base Exchange (BX) and other morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) facilities for active, reserve/national guard and retired military personnel and their families.

Runways[edit]

Runways at MSP [23]
Runway Length / width Runway Surface Notes
04 → 11,006 by 150 ft
3,355 by 46 m
← 22 Concrete Runway 04/22 is equipped with Medium intensity runway edge lighting [AN(TE HI)]. Both equipped with a precision approach path indicator (PAPI) system.
RWY22 : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY04 : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME
17 → 8,000 by 150 ft
2,438 by 46 m
← 35 Concrete Runway 17/35 is equipped with Touchdown and Centerpoint lights and a PAPI system. Runway 35 is equipped with ILS CAT I-III.
RWY35 : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY17 : RNAV, RNP
12R → 10,000 by 150 ft
3,048 by 46 m
← 30L Concrete Runway 12R/30L is equipped with a PAPI system. 12R is equipped with ILS CAT I-III. 30L is equipped with ILS CAT II.
RWY30L : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY12R : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME
12L → 8,200 by 150 ft
2,499 by 46 m
← 30R Concrete 30R is equipped with medium intensity runway edge lighting [AN(TE HI)]. 12L equipped with ILS CAT I-III Both equipped with a PAPI system.
RWY30R : RNAV, RNP, NDB // RWY12L : ILS, RNAV, RNP, NDB, VOR/DME

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [24]
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle [25]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
[26]
Allegiant Air Asheville, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Los Angeles, Phoenix/Mesa, Punta Gorda (FL)
Seasonal: West Palm Beach
[27]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [28]
American Eagle Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [28]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt
Delta Air Lines Albuquerque, Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Billings, Bismarck, Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Buffalo (resumes April 11, 2022), Calgary, Cancún, Charleston (SC) (begins April 11, 2022), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Duluth, Fargo, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL) (resumes December 19, 2021),[29] Kansas City, Las Vegas, London–Heathrow (resumes March 31, 2022),[30] Los Angeles, Madison, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Missoula, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Omaha, Orange County, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon (resumes April 1, 2022),[31] Sioux Falls, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda (resumes April 1, 2022),[32] Tri-Cities (WA) (begins June 6, 2022), Vancouver (resumes April 11, 2022),[33] Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Albany, Appleton, Asheville (begins April 16, 2022),[34] Belize City (begins December 18, 2021),[35] Burlington (begins June 7, 2022),[36] Fairbanks, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman, Green Bay, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Memphis, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach (begins April 12, 2022),[37] Nassau, Palm Springs, Portland (ME), Providence, Puerto Vallarta, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Savannah (begins April 12, 2022),[38] Tucson, West Palm Beach
[39]
Delta Connection Aberdeen (SD), Appleton, Albany (resumes April 11, 2022), Baltimore, Bemidji, Billings, Bismarck, Bozeman, Brainerd, Buffalo, Calgary, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charlotte, Chicago–Midway, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dayton, Des Moines, Duluth, Escanaba, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Wayne, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Forks, Grand Rapids, Green Bay, Hartford, Helena, Hibbing/Chisholm, Houston–Intercontinental, International Falls, Iron Mountain, Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Knoxville, La Crosse, Lansing, Lexington, Lincoln, Louisville, Madison, Marquette, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minot, Missoula, Moline/Quad Cities, Mosinee/Wausau, Newark, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rapid City, Rhinelander, Richmond, Rochester (MN), Rochester (NY) (resumes April 11, 2022), Saginaw, San Antonio, Sault Ste. Marie (MI), Sioux Falls, South Bend, St. Louis, Syracuse (resumes April 11, 2022), Tri-Cities (WA), Tulsa, Washington–Dulles, Wichita, Williston
Seasonal: Great Falls, Harlingen, Traverse City
[39]
Denver Air Connection Ironwood, Thief River Falls [40]
Frontier Airlines Cancún (begins December 16, 2021),[41] Denver, Las Vegas
Seasonal: Austin, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, Trenton
[42]
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík [43]
JetBlue Boston, New York–JFK [44]
KLM Amsterdam
Southwest Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, Houston–Hobby, Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Orlando, Tampa
[45] [46]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Detroit, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami (begins January 5, 2022),[47] New Orleans, Orlando
Seasonal: Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Tampa
[48]
Sun Country Airlines Asheville, Cancún, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, Newark, Orange County, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa
Seasonal: Anchorage, Aruba, Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Boston, Bozeman, Buffalo (begins June 9, 2022),[49] Burlington (begins June 16, 2022),[49] Charleston (SC) (begins April 7, 2022),[49] Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cozumel, Fairbanks, Fort Lauderdale, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman (begins December 18, 2021),[50] Gulfport/Biloxi, Harlingen, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville (FL) (begins April 8, 2022),[49] Liberia (CR), Madison, Mazatlán, Miami, Milwaukee, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nassau, New Orleans, Palm Springs, Philadelphia, Phoenix/Mesa, Pittsburgh (begins June 2, 2022),[49] Portland (ME), Providence, Providenciales (begins December 18, 2021),[50] Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Punta Gorda (FL), Raleigh/Durham, Roatán, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Savannah, St. Louis, St. Petersburg/Clearwater,[50] St. Thomas, Spokane (begins June 9, 2022),[49] Tucson, Vancouver (begins June 15, 2022),[49] West Palm Beach
[51]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental
[52]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [52]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Amazon Air Cincinnati, Fort Worth/Alliance, Lakeland, Wilmington
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Detroit, Omaha, Thief River Falls, Winnipeg
FedEx Express Appleton, Chicago–O'Hare, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Milwaukee
Seasonal: Columbus–Rickenbacker, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland, Rochester (MN), St. Louis
FedEx Feeder Bemidji, Duluth, Memphis, Thief River Falls
UPS Airlines Alexandria, Bemidji, Brainerd, Chicago/Rockford, Detroit Lakes, Duluth, Fergus Falls, Grand Rapids, International Falls, La Crosse, Louisville, Marshall, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Rice Lake, Thief River Falls, Wadena, Winnipeg, Winona
Seasonal: Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Milwaukee, Ontario, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sioux Falls

Statistics[edit]

A Sun Country Boeing 737-700 at MSP. Sun Country is based in Minneapolis and operates a hub at MSP.

Top domestic destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from MSP (September 2020 – August 2021)[53]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 538,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, United
2 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 528,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
3 Atlanta, Georgia 473,000 Delta, Spirit
4 Orlando, Florida 419,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
5 Las Vegas, Nevada 412,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
6 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 334,000 American, Delta, Sun Country, United
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 308,000 American, Delta, Sun Country
8 Los Angeles, California 305,000 Delta, Spirit, Sun Country
9 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 298,000 Alaska, Delta, Sun Country
10 Fort Myers, Florida 293,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country

Top international destinations[edit]

Busiest international routes to and from MSP (2020)[54]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Cancún, Mexico 148,147 Delta, Sun Country
2 Amsterdam, Netherlands 79,680 Delta, KLM
3 Winnipeg, Canada 59,387 Delta
4 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 57,828 Delta, Sun Country
5 Montego Bay, Jamaica 44,664 Delta, Sun Country
6 Calgary, Canada 42,712 Delta
7 San José del Cabo, Mexico 40,367 Delta, Sun Country
8 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 40,116 Air Canada, Delta
9 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 38,054 Delta, Sun Country
10 Vancouver, Canada 37,747 Delta, Sun Country

Airline market share[edit]

Largest airlines at MSP
(September 2020 - August 2021)
[55]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Delta Air Lines 9,042,000 48.18%
2 SkyWest Airlines 2,569,000 13.69%
3 Endeavor Air 1,749,000 9.32%
4 Southwest Airlines 920,000 4.90%
5 American Airlines 845,000 4.50%
6 Others 3,642,000 19.41%

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at MSP airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at MSP, (2001–2020)[56]
Year Passengers Year Passengers
2001 33,733,725 2011 33,118,499
2002 32,629,690 2012 33,170,960
2003 33,201,860 2013 33,897,335
2004 36,713,173 2014 35,152,460
2005 37,663,664 2015 36,582,854
2006 35,612,133 2016 37,517,957
2007 35,157,322 2017 38,034,431
2008 34,056,443 2018 38,037,381
2009 32,378,599 2019 39,555,036
2010 32,839,441 2020 14,851,289

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On March 7, 1950, Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 307, a Martin 2-0-2 diverted from Rochester International Airport crashed 5 km northwest of MSP after first hitting a 70 foot high flagpole with its left wing on final approach, 8/10 of a mile from the touchdown point, in blinding snow. The left wing eventually detached and the aircraft dived and crashed into a house. All 13 passengers and crew and two children in the house were killed. A loss of visual reference to the ground on approach was the probable cause.[57]
  • On May 10, 2005, Northwest Flight 1495, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, suffered a valve fracture and lost hydraulic pressure in its right engine shortly after takeoff from John Glenn Columbus International Airport en route to MSP. The aircraft performed a successful emergency landing, but began experiencing steering problems and a loss of the brakes while taxing to the gate, resulting in it colliding with the wing of an Airbus A319-114 at approximately 16 mph. Eight injuries were reported among the crew and passengers of both planes and the ground crew.[58]
  • On June 11, 2007, US Senator Larry Craig was arrested by an undercover police officer for lewd conduct during an alleged attempt at cottaging in a Lindbergh Terminal bathroom. He later plead guilty to a lesser charge of disordley conduct. The ensuing scandal resulted in his resignation from The Senate, and effectively ended his political career. [59]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Operations Reports". Metropolitan Airports Commission. January 2019. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  2. ^ "List of Top 40 Airports in US - World Airport Codes". World Airport Codes. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  3. ^ "2012 Minnesota Statutes". State of Minnesota. 2012. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  4. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for MSP PDF, effective June 21, 2018.
  5. ^ "Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport named Best Airport in North America for second consecutive year". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  6. ^ Lora, Sara. "and Aeromexico launch new service between Queretaro, Mexico, and Detroit". Delta. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "MinneapolisHistory". Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  8. ^ Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Airports Commission History, Volume I: Early Aviation, Metropolitan Area, 1911-1943
  9. ^ a b c "Fun Facts". Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  10. ^ "Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport, Lindbergh Terminal, 4300 Glumack Drive, Minneapolis, Minnesota". Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "Architecture Minnesota". Architecture Minnesota. Minnesota Society American Institute of Architects. 28 (1): 49. 2002.
  12. ^ Hogan, Patrick (2013). "Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport: Looking Back and Moving Forward" (PDF). Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  13. ^ Torbenson, Eric (May 31, 2002). "Two New Concourses to Debut at Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  14. ^ Wascoe Jr., Dan (November 1, 2002). "New Concourse Opens at Minneapolis Airport's Main Terminal". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  15. ^ "MSP Intl. Airport Final ROD" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  16. ^ 2020 Annual Noise Contour Report (Report). Metropolitan Airports Commission (MAC). February 2021. p. 2.
  17. ^ a b c "Terminal 1 Map" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  18. ^ "MSP Terminal 2 Map" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  19. ^ The Metropolitan Airports Commission (July 26, 2010). Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport Long Term Comprehensive Plan Update (Report).
  20. ^ "These routes will change May 18". Metro Transit. Archived from the original on July 15, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  21. ^ "Light Rail Transit". Metropolitan Airports Commission. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  22. ^ "Hiawatha Line Before and After Study" (PDF). Metro Transit. August 2010. p. 23. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 19, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  23. ^ "MSP Runways". Retrieved October 20, 2021.
  24. ^ "Flight Schedules" (PDF). Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  25. ^ "Air France Network". Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  26. ^ "Flight Timetable". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  27. ^ @MSPAirport (June 29, 2021). "We're excited to announce that a new airline is ready to join the flock! Allegiant Air will debut at MSP in October with service to Asheville (AVL), Punta Gorda (PGD), and Palm Beach (PBI)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  28. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  29. ^ "Book a flight".
  30. ^ "Flight Results". Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  31. ^ "Delta Routes".
  32. ^ "Delta Routes".
  33. ^ "Delta Routes".
  34. ^ "Delta Air Lines Bulks up Minneapolis as Sun Country Grows". November 13, 2021.
  35. ^ "Delta Routes".
  36. ^ "Delta Air Lines Bulks up Minneapolis as Sun Country Grows". November 13, 2021.
  37. ^ "Delta Air Lines Bulks up Minneapolis as Sun Country Grows". November 13, 2021.
  38. ^ "Delta Air Lines Bulks up Minneapolis as Sun Country Grows". November 13, 2021.
  39. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  40. ^ "Denver Air Connection to take over for Boutique Air at Thief River Falls Airport".
  41. ^ "Frontier Airlines Expands its International Route Map with 6 New Nonstop Routes to Cancun This Winter".
  42. ^ "Frontier". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  43. ^ "Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport". Icelandair. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  44. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  45. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  46. ^ "Southwest Airlines - Route Map".
  47. ^ "The USA's Fastest Growing Airport: Miami's Secret". Simple Flying. November 11, 2021.
  48. ^ "Where We Fly". Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  49. ^ a b c d e f g "Sun Country Airlines Adds Seven New Cities For Summer 2022". Simple Flying. October 19, 2021.
  50. ^ a b c "Sun Country Airlines Announces 18 New Nonstop Routes". Sun Country Airlines. April 27, 2021.
  51. ^ "Route Map". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  52. ^ a b "Timetable". Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  53. ^ "Minneapolis–St Paul International (MSP) Summary Statistics". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  54. ^ "International_Report_Passengers | Department of Transportation - Data Portal". data.transportation.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  55. ^ https://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?20=E
  56. ^ "About MSP". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  57. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  58. ^ National Transportation Safety Board (April 25, 2007). Aviation Accident Final Report - CHI05MA111A (Report).
  59. ^ Murphy, Patti; David Stout (August 29, 2007). "Idaho Senator Says He Regrets Guilty Plea in Restroom Incident". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2007.

External links[edit]

Media related to Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport at Wikimedia Commons