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|Cultural origins||Late 1970s, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States|
The Minneapolis sound is a subgenre of funk rock with elements of new wave and synth-pop, that was pioneered by Minneapolis, Minnesota-based musicians Prince and Andre Cymone in the late 1970s. Its popularity was given a boost throughout the 1980s by Prince and groups he organized or produced, including the Time, Vanity 6, Apollonia 6, Sheila E., the Family, and the offshoots from his band the Revolution, Wendy & Lisa and Brownmark. After leaving the Time, Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, Morris Day, and Jesse Johnson all moved on to successful careers. Minneapolis acts indirectly associated with or not associated with Prince also utilized this musical style, including Ta Mara & the Seen, Mazarati and the Jets.
Those inspired by the style were not necessarily from Minneapolis. While some artists who came from Minnesota were influenced by Prince's work, others came from elsewhere, such as Flint, Michigan's Ready for the World.
While the "Minneapolis sound" is a form of funk, it has some distinguishing characteristics:
- Synthesizers generally replace horn sections of trumpets and saxophones, and are used more as accent than as fill or background.
- The rhythm is often faster and less syncopated than traditional funk, and owes much to new wave music.
- Guitars, while usually playing "clean" for rhythm parts, are frequently much louder and more aggressively processed during solos than in most traditional funk.
- The "bottom" of the sound is less bass-heavy than traditional funk; drums and keyboards fill more of the "bottom".
- The drums are more highly processed than in traditional funk, and on recordings are often replaced with a drum machine.
- Henderson, Alex. "The Minneapolis Sound". Allmusic. Archived from the original on November 3, 2011.
- Ohmes, Jeremy (June 4, 2009). "The Minneapolis Sound". PopMatters.
- Rashad Shabazz, How Minneapolis made Prince. The Conversation, January 27, 2020.