Minnehaha County, South Dakota

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Minnehaha County, South Dakota
Minnehaha County Courthouse 9.jpg
Minnehaha County Courthouse in Sioux Falls
Map of South Dakota highlighting Minnehaha County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1862 (created)
1868 (organized)
Named for"rapid water"
SeatSioux Falls
Largest citySioux Falls
Area
 • Total814 sq mi (2,108 km2)
 • Land807 sq mi (2,090 km2)
 • Water6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)188,616
 • Density234/sq mi (90/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.minnehahacounty.org

Minnehaha County is a county on the eastern border of the state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 169,468,[1] making it the most populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Sioux Falls,[2] the largest city in the state. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1868.[3] Its name was derived from the Sioux word Mnihaha, meaning "rapid water," or "waterfall" (often also incorrectly translated as "laughing water").

Minnehaha County is part of the Sioux Falls, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest in the state. It is the site of a former listed Superfund site, the Williams Pipeline Company Disposal Site, which has been cleaned up under direction of the US Environmental Protection Agency to contain and remove environmental hazards.

Geography[edit]

The falls of the Big Sioux River at Falls Park

Minnehaha County lies on the east side of South Dakota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota as well as the north and west boundary lines of the state of Iowa. The Big Sioux River flows south-southeasterly through the east central part of the county. Its terrain consists of rolling hills, devoted to agriculture except around built-up areas, and dotted with lakes and ponds in its western portion.[4] Its terrain generally slopes to the south, and in addition the east and west edges slope to the river valley through the center of the county. Its highest point is in the NW corner, at 1,752' (534m) ASL.[5]

Minnehaha County has a total area of 814 square miles (2,110 km2), of which 807 square miles (2,090 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.8%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Lakes, rivers and streams[4][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870355
18808,2512,224.2%
189021,879165.2%
190023,9269.4%
191029,63123.8%
192042,49043.4%
193050,87219.7%
194057,69713.4%
195070,91022.9%
196086,57522.1%
197095,20910.0%
1980109,43514.9%
1990123,80913.1%
2000148,28119.8%
2010169,46814.3%
Est. 2018192,876[7]13.8%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 148,281 people, 57,996 households, and 37,581 families in the county. The population density was 183 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 60,237 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.03% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 1.85% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 57,996 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 26.20% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,566, and the median income for a family was $52,031. Males had a median income of $32,208 versus $24,691 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,713. About 5.00% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 169,468 people, 67,028 households, and 42,052 families in the county.[13] The population density was 210.0 inhabitants per square mile (81.1/km2). There were 71,557 housing units at an average density of 88.7 per square mile (34.2/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 88.1% white, 3.8% black or African American, 2.5% American Indian, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 43.8% were German, 17.7% were Norwegian, 11.6% were Irish, 6.8% were Dutch, 6.3% were English, and 3.2% were American.[15]

Of the 67,028 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 34.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,799 and the median income for a family was $64,645. Males had a median income of $40,187 versus $31,517 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,392. About 6.9% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Minnehaha is a fairly Republican county with only one Democratic presidential candidate, Michael Dukakis in 1988, receiving an absolute majority in the last fifty years.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 53.7% 42,043 39.1% 30,610 7.2% 5,610
2012 52.7% 40,342 45.3% 34,674 2.1% 1,567
2008 48.7% 39,251 49.5% 39,838 1.8% 1,463
2004 56.9% 44,189 41.6% 32,314 1.5% 1,129
2000 54.5% 33,428 44.1% 27,042 1.5% 899
1996 44.2% 27,432 48.1% 29,790 7.7% 4,782
1992 39.3% 25,081 42.4% 27,016 18.3% 11,689
1988 47.7% 26,765 51.9% 29,135 0.4% 195
1984 56.3% 29,908 43.3% 23,042 0.4% 221
1980 51.0% 26,256 38.9% 20,008 10.1% 5,214
1976 51.1% 23,286 48.4% 22,068 0.4% 202
1972 49.9% 22,447 49.8% 22,386 0.3% 155
1968 53.3% 20,141 43.6% 16,462 3.1% 1,177
1964 44.5% 16,766 55.5% 20,929
1960 60.5% 23,238 39.5% 15,152
1956 63.0% 22,285 37.0% 13,093
1952 71.5% 23,559 28.5% 9,390
1948 53.8% 14,047 45.1% 11,770 1.2% 308
1944 57.7% 13,920 42.3% 10,216
1940 57.6% 16,664 42.4% 12,259
1936 46.9% 12,418 49.7% 13,174 3.5% 916
1932 44.2% 10,288 54.3% 12,646 1.5% 339
1928 66.7% 13,741 33.0% 6,805 0.3% 62
1924 55.9% 8,822 9.7% 1,524 34.4% 5,427
1920 63.2% 8,290 19.3% 2,534 17.5% 2,303
1916 52.6% 4,318 42.6% 3,494 4.8% 391
1912 0.0% 0 42.4% 2,576 57.6% 3,502
1908 64.1% 4,125 30.3% 1,948 5.7% 365
1904 74.0% 4,455 17.4% 1,046 8.6% 516
1900 57.0% 3,410 40.8% 2,440 2.1% 128
1896 47.2% 2,429 51.8% 2,667 1.0% 50
1892 52.3% 2,208 11.5% 484 36.2% 1,529

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[4][edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Benton
  • Brandon
  • Buffalo
  • Burk
  • Clear Lake
  • Dell Rapids
  • Edison
  • Grand Meadow
  • Hartford
  • Highland
  • Humboldt
  • Logan
  • Lyons
  • Mapleton
  • Palisade
  • Red Rock
  • Sioux Falls
  • Split Rock
  • Sverdrup
  • Taopi
  • Valley Springs
  • Wall Lake
  • Wayne
  • Wellington

Historical townsites[edit]

Sign marking the site of the former town of East Sioux Falls

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c [1]
  5. ^ "Find an Alittude" Google Maps (accessed 7 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 96°47′W / 43.68°N 96.79°W / 43.68; -96.79