Minnehaha County, South Dakota

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Minnehaha County, South Dakota
Minnehaha County Courthouse 9.jpg
Minnehaha County Courthouse in Sioux Falls
Map of South Dakota highlighting Minnehaha County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1868
Seat Sioux Falls
Largest city Sioux Falls
Area
 • Total 814 sq mi (2,108 km2)
 • Land 807 sq mi (2,090 km2)
 • Water 6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 185,197
 • Density 210/sq mi (81/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.minnehahacounty.org

Minnehaha County is a county located along the eastern border in the state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 169,468,[1] making it the most populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Sioux Falls,[2] the largest city in the state. The county was created by European Americans in 1862 and organized in 1868.[3] Its name was derived from the Sioux word Mnihaha, meaning "rapid water," or "waterfall" (often also incorrectly translated as "laughing water").

Minnehaha County is part of the Sioux Falls, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest in the state. It is the site of a former listed Superfund site, the Williams Pipeline Company Disposal Site, which has been cleaned up under direction of the Environmental Protection Agency to contain and remove environmental hazards.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 814 square miles (2,110 km2), of which 807 square miles (2,090 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4] The Big Sioux River flows through it.

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 355
1880 8,251 2,224.2%
1890 21,879 165.2%
1900 23,926 9.4%
1910 29,631 23.8%
1920 42,490 43.4%
1930 50,872 19.7%
1940 57,697 13.4%
1950 70,910 22.9%
1960 86,575 22.1%
1970 95,209 10.0%
1980 109,435 14.9%
1990 123,809 13.1%
2000 148,281 19.8%
2010 169,468 14.3%
Est. 2015 185,197 [5] 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 148,281 people, 57,996 households, and 37,581 families residing in the county. The population density was 183 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 60,237 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.03% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 1.85% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 57,996 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,566, and the median income for a family was $52,031. Males had a median income of $32,208 versus $24,691 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,713. About 5.00% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 169,468 people, 67,028 households, and 42,052 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 210.0 inhabitants per square mile (81.1/km2). There were 71,557 housing units at an average density of 88.7 per square mile (34.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 88.1% white, 3.8% black or African American, 2.5% American Indian, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 43.8% were German, 17.7% were Norwegian, 11.6% were Irish, 6.8% were Dutch, 6.3% were English, and 3.2% were American.[13]

Of the 67,028 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 34.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,799 and the median income for a family was $64,645. Males had a median income of $40,187 versus $31,517 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,392. About 6.9% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Minnehaha County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 52.7% 40,342 45.3% 34,674 2.0% 1,567
2008 48.7% 39,251 49.5% 39,838 1.8% 1,463
2004 56.9% 44,189 41.6% 32,314 1.5% 1,129
2000 54.5% 33,428 44.1% 27,042 1.5% 899
1996 44.2% 27,432 48.1% 29,790 8.6% 4,782
1992 39.3% 25,081 42.4% 27,016 18.3% 11,689
1988 47.7% 26,765 51.9% 29,135 0.4% 195
1984 56.3% 29,908 43.3% 23,042 0.4% 221
1980 51.0% 26,256 38.9% 20,008 10.1% 5,214
1976 51.1% 23,286 48.4% 22,068 0.4% 202
1972 49.9% 22,447 49.8% 22,386 0.2% 155
1968 53.3% 20,141 43.6% 16,462 3.1% 1,177
1964 44.5% 16,766 55.5% 20,929 0.0% 0
1960 60.5% 23,238 39.5% 15,152 0.0% 0
1956 63.0% 22,285 37.0% 13,093 0.0% 0
1952 71.5% 23,559 28.5% 9,390 0.0% 0

Minnehaha is a fairly Republican county with only one Democratic presidential candidate, Michael Dukakis in 1988, receiving a majority in the last fifty years.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into twenty-four townships:

  • Brandon
  • Benton
  • Buffalo
  • Burk
  • Clear Lake
  • Dell Rapids
  • Edison
  • Grand Meadow
  • Hartford
  • Highland
  • Humboldt
  • Logan
  • Lyons
  • Mapleton
  • Palisade
  • Red Rock
  • Sioux Falls
  • Split Rock
  • Sverdrup
  • Taopi
  • Valley Springs
  • Wall Lake
  • Wayne
  • Wellington

Historical townsites[edit]

Sign marking the site of the former town of East Sioux Falls.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 96°47′W / 43.68°N 96.79°W / 43.68; -96.79