Minnesota Pipe Line

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Minnesota Pipe Line
Country United States
From Clearbrook, Minnesota
To Twin Cities
General information
Type Crude oil
Owner Minnesota Pipe Line Company, LLC
Operator Koch Pipeline Company
Construction started 2007
Commissioned 2008
Technical information
Maximum discharge 0.165 million barrels per day (~8.22×10^6 t/a)

The Minnesota Pipe Line (or MPL) is a crude oil pipeline that runs from Clearbrook, Minnesota southward to the Twin Cities.[1] Construction began in 2007 after the State of Minnesota approved the building permit,[2] and ended in 2008; it is owned by Minnesota Pipe Line Company, LLC (MPL) and is operated by Koch Pipeline Company, a wholly owned, indirect subsidiary of Koch Industries.[3]

The original proposed route ran through an organic farm; the owners of the farm negotiated with MPL, as a result of which MPL agreed to route the pipeline around the farm and more generally "to implement what they believe was the first organic agriculture mitigation plan in the country applicable to pipeline infrastructure. This agreement was made part of the record of the MinnCan pipeline routing proceeding."[4]:32-22

The pipeline is largely fed by the Enbridge Pipeline System that carries crude from Alberta, Canada.[1]:3 It splits into two parts at a junction in Cottage Grove, Minnesota. One branch serves the Pine Bend Refinery owned by Flint Hills Resources (another Koch subsidiary) in Rosemount. The other portion of the line runs to Northern Tier Energy's St. Paul Park Refinery in St. Paul Park, Minnesota.[3] There is a connection at the Pine Bend Refinery to the Wood River Pipeline, which currently carries crude oil from the St. Louis, Missouri area to Minnesota.[1]

In 2008 Minnesota Pipe Line completed a parallel 24-inch (610 mm) line to expand the pipeline capacity from Clearbrook to the Twin Cities by 165,000 barrels per day (26,200 m3/d) with ultimate potential expansion to 350,000 barrels per day (56,000 m3/d).[1]:3–4

Minnesota Pipe Line system[edit]

Pipeline Start End Length (miles) Capacity (bbl/day) Size (inches) Materials carried Year created Remarks
Line 1 Clearbrook St. Paul Park 256 16 1954
Line 2 Clearbrook St. Paul Park 1970s
Line 3 St. Paul Park 1980s
Line 4:
MinnCan Pipeline
Clearbrook Rosemount 305 165000 24 2008


  1. ^ a b c d Eleff, Bob (June 2013). "Minnesota's Petroleum Infrastructure: Pipelines, Refineries, Terminals" (PDF). Research Department, Minnesota House of Representatives. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  2. ^ State of Minnesota, Department of Administration. Project: Minncan Project--Minnesota Pipe Line Company Archived 2014-02-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b Minnesota Pipe Line Company. "About". Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Macabee, Paula Goodman. Appendix to Agricultural Impact Mitigation Plan For Organic Agricultural Land.” Pipelines, Power Lines, and Organic Farms Drake Journal of Agricultural Law 14: 19-42. 2009.