Minnesota State Highway 1

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Trunk Highway 1 marker

Trunk Highway 1
Route information
Maintained by MnDOT
Length345.954 mi[2] (556.759 km)
Existed1933[1]–present
Major junctions
West end ND 54 at the Red River,
the Minnesota — North Dakota state line
  US 75 at Warren

US 59 / MN 32 at Thief River Falls
MN 89 at Red Lake
US 71 / MN 46 at Northome
MN 38 at Effie
MN 65 at Togo
US 53 at Cook

MN 169 at Ely
East end MN 61 at Illgen City
Location
CountiesMarshall, Pennington, Clearwater, Beltrami, Koochiching, Itasca,
Saint Louis, Lake
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
I-694US 2

Minnesota State Highway 1 (MN 1) is a highway in northwest and northeast Minnesota, which runs from North Dakota Highway 54 at the North Dakota state line (at the Red River in Oslo) and continues east to its eastern terminus at its intersection with Minnesota Highway 61 at the unincorporated community of Illgen City in Beaver Bay Township on the North Shore of Lake Superior. At 346 miles (557 km) in length, Highway 1 is the longest state route in Minnesota.[1]

Route description[edit]

State Highway 1 serves as an east–west route between Oslo, Warren, Thief River Falls, Red Lake, Northome, Cook, Tower, Ely, and Beaver Bay Township.

The roadway passes through the following forests:

Intersection of Highways 1 and 169 in Ely

The route runs concurrent with State Highway 169 for 26 miles (42 km) from Vermilion Lake Township (west of Tower) to Ely.

State Highway 1 also runs concurrent with State Highway 89 for 28 miles (45 km) on the southwest side of Red Lake. This is the longest concurrency with another state highway within Minnesota.

History[edit]

Most of State Highway 1 was authorized in 1933,[3] except for a section between U.S. 75 and State Highway 32 at Thief River Falls which was part of Minnesota Constitutional Route 33 authorized in 1920.[1]

The route was given the Highway 1 designation because it was one of the longest trunk highways, and would allow re-use of the Route 1 markers removed from along U.S. 61 and U.S. 65 in 1934.[1]

When it was marked in 1934, it was only paved from U.S. 75 to Highway 32 and from Highway 169 to Ely.[4]

As recently as 1963, significant portions of Highway 1 were unpaved.

Highway 1 still had an unpaved segment in 1996, between U.S. 53 and State Highway 169 in northern Saint Louis County. At that point it was swapped with paved Saint Louis County Road 22.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[2][5]kmDestinationsNotes
Red River of the North0.0000.000Continues as ND 54 west in North Dakota
MarshallOak Park Township1.5542.501 MN 220 north – RobbinWest end of MN 220 concurrency
Alvarado6.55510.549 MN 220 south – East Grand ForksEast end of MN 220 concurrency
Warren17.05027.439 US 75 – Crookston, Hallock
PenningtonThief River Falls44.45771.547 US 59 north – WinnipegWest end of US 59 concurrency
45.77173.661 MN 32 south / US 59 south – Red Lake Falls, Erskine, MahnomenSouth end of MN 32 concurrency
East end of US 59 concurrency
46.11874.220 MN 32 north – GreenbushNorth end of MN 32 concurrency
Goodridge Township63.367101.979 MN 219 north – Goodridge
BeltramiRed Lake Indian Reservation89.331143.764 MN 89 north – Grygla, RoseauNorth end of MN 89 concurrency
Clearwater
No major junctions
BeltramiRed Lake Indian Reservation116.960188.229 MN 89 south – BemidjiSouth end of MN 89 concurrency
Cormant Township141.331227.450 MN 72 south – BlackduckWest end of MN 72 concurrency
Shooks146.400235.608 MN 72 north – Kelliher, BaudetteEast end of MN 72 concurrency
KoochichingUnorganized Territory of Northome151.288243.474 US 71 south – BemidjiSouth end of US 71 concurrency
Northome154.276248.283 US 71 north – International FallsNorth end of US 71 concurrency
154.564248.747 MN 46 south – Deer River
Unorganized Territory of Northome178.128286.669 MN 6 north – Big FallsNorth end of MN 6 concurrency
ItascaUnorganized Territory of Effie180.452290.409 MN 6 south – Deer RiverSouth end of MN 6 concurrency
Effie186.656300.394 MN 38 south – Bigfork
Carpenter Township211.369340.165 MN 65 south – NashwaukWest end of MN 65 concurrency
215.424346.691 MN 65 north – LittleforkEast end of MN 65 concurrency
St. LouisLinden Grove229.223368.899 MN 73 – Chisholm, Hibbing, Orr
Field Township236.245380.199 US 53 north – International FallsNorth end of US 53 concurrency
Sherman Corner244.377393.287 US 53 south – VirginiaSouth end of US 53 concurrency
Peyla258.848416.575 MN 169 south – VirginiaWest end of MN 169 concurrency
Tower263.159423.513 MN 135 south – Aurora
Ely286.208460.607 MN 169 north – WintonEast end of MN 169 concurrency
LakeIllgen City347.340558.990 MN 61 / LSCT – Duluth, Thunder Bay
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Steve Riner (July 26, 2003). Details of Routes 1-25. Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed August 27, 2004.
  2. ^ a b "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 1" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 4, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  3. ^ "Chapter 440-H.F. No. 2000", Session Laws of Minnesota for 1933, Mike Holm, Secretary of State, pp. 881–897
  4. ^ 1934 Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). Minnesota Highway Department. May 1, 1934. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  5. ^ "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 2" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 4, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2010.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata