Minnesota State Highway 1

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Trunk Highway 1 marker

Trunk Highway 1
MN 1 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MnDOT
Length345.954 mi[2] (556.759 km)
Existed1933[1]–present
Major junctions
West end ND 54 at the Red River
 
East end MN 61 at Illgen City
Location
CountiesMarshall, Pennington, Clearwater, Beltrami, Koochiching, Itasca, Saint Louis, Lake
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
I-694US 2

Minnesota State Highway 1 (MN 1) is a state highway in northwest and northeast Minnesota, which runs from North Dakota Highway 54 (ND 54) at the North Dakota state line (at the Red River in Oslo) and continues east to its eastern terminus at MN 61 at the unincorporated community of Illgen City in Beaver Bay Township on the North Shore of Lake Superior. At 346 miles (557 km) in length, Highway 1 is the longest state route in Minnesota.[1]

Route description[edit]

MN 1 serves as an east–west route between Oslo, Warren, Thief River Falls, Red Lake, Northome, Cook, Tower, Ely, and Beaver Bay Township.

The roadway passes through the following forests:

Intersection of MN 1 and MN 169 in Ely

The route runs concurrently with MN 169 for 26 miles (42 km) from Vermilion Lake Township (west of Tower) to Ely.

MN 1 also runs concurrently with MN 89 for 28 miles (45 km) on the southwest side of Red Lake. This is the longest concurrency with another state highway within Minnesota.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Most of MN 1 was authorized in 1933,[3] except for a section between U.S. Highway 75 (US 75) and MN 32 at Thief River Falls, which was part of Minnesota Constitutional Route 33 authorized in 1920.[1]

The route was given the MN 1 designation because it was one of the longest trunk highways, and would allow re-use of the MN 1 markers removed from along US 61 and US 65 in 1934.[1]

When it was marked in 1934, it was only paved from US 75 to MN 32 and from MN 169 to Ely.[4]

As recently as 1963, significant portions of MN 1 were unpaved.

MN 1 still had an unpaved segment in 1996, between US 53 and MN 169 in northern Saint Louis County. At that point it was swapped with paved County Road 22.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[2][5]kmDestinationsNotes
Red River of the North0.0000.000 ND 54 west – I-29Continuation in North Dakota
MarshallOak Park Township1.5542.501 MN 220 north – MN 11Western end of MN 220 concurrency
Alvarado6.55510.549 MN 220 south (Boundary Street) – East Grand ForksEastern end of MN 220 concurrency
Warren17.05027.439 US 75 (S Main Street) – Crookston, Hallock
PenningtonThief River Falls44.45771.547 US 59 north – Karlstad, Canada
CSAH 16 south (125th Avenue NE) – MN 32
Western end of US 59 concurrency
45.77173.661 MN 32 south (Main Avenue) – Red Lake Falls
US 59 south (3rd Street E)
Southern end of MN 32 concurrency; eastern end of US 59 concurrency
46.11874.220 MN 32 north (Main Avenue) – GreenbushNorthern end of MN 32 concurrency
Goodridge Township63.367101.979 MN 219 north – Goodridge
CSAH 24 south (310th Avenue NE) – High Landing Bridge
Southern terminus of MN 219
BeltramiRed Lake Indian Reservation89.331143.764 MN 89 north – Grygla, RoseauNorthern end of MN 89 concurrency
Clearwater
No major junctions
BeltramiRed Lake Indian Reservation116.960188.229 MN 89 south – BemidjiSouthern end of MN 89 concurrency
Cormant Township141.331227.450 MN 72 south – Blackduck, BemidjiWestern end of MN 72 concurrency
Shooks146.400235.608 MN 72 north – Kelliher, BaudetteEastern end of MN 72 concurrency
KoochichingUnorganized Territory of Northome151.288243.474 US 71 south – BlackduckSouthern end of US 71 concurrency
Northome154.276248.283 US 71 north – International FallsNorthern end of US 71 concurrency
154.564248.747 MN 46 south – Deer River
Unorganized Territory of Northome178.128286.669 MN 6 north – Big FallsNorthern end of MN 6 concurrency
ItascaUnorganized Territory of Effie180.452290.409 MN 6 south – Deer RiverSouthern end of MN 6 concurrency
Effie186.656300.394 MN 38 south – Bigfork
Carpenter Township211.369340.165 MN 65 south – NashwaukWestern end of MN 65 concurrency
215.424346.691 MN 65 north – LittleforkEastern end of MN 65 concurrency
St. LouisLinden Grove229.223368.899 MN 73 – Chisholm, US 53
Field Township236.245380.199 US 53 north – International FallsNorthern end of US 53 concurrency
Sherman Corner244.377393.287 US 53 south – VirginiaSouthern end of US 53 concurrency
Peyla258.848416.575 MN 169 south – VirginiaWestern end of MN 169 concurrency
Tower263.159423.513 MN 135 south – Embarrass, Babbitt, Aurora
Ely286.208460.607 MN 169 north – WintonEastern end of MN 169 concurrency
LakeIllgen City347.340558.990 MN 61 / LSCT – Two Harbors, Grand Marais
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Steve Riner (July 26, 2003). Details of Routes 1-25. Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed August 27, 2004.[self-published source]
  2. ^ a b "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 1" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 4, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  3. ^ "Chapter 440-H.F. No. 2000". Session Laws of Minnesota for 1933. Mike Holm, Secretary of State. pp. 881–897.
  4. ^ Minnesota Highway Department; McGill-Warner (1934). Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). 1:760,320. St. Paul: Minnesota Highway Department. OCLC 5673160, 80405240. Retrieved November 16, 2010 – via Minnesota Digital Library. (Showing road conditions as of May 1, 1934)
  5. ^ "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 2" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 4, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2010.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata