|Territory of Minnesota|
|Organized incorporated territory of the United States|
|• Type||Organized incorporated territory|
|Willis A. Gorman|
|Legislature||Minnesota Territorial Legislature|
|March 3 1849|
|May 11 1858|
The Territory of Minnesota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1849, until May 11, 1858, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Minnesota.
The boundaries of the Minnesota Territory, as carved out of Iowa Territory, included the current Minnesota region and most of what later became Dakota Territory east of the Missouri River. Minnesota Territory also included portions of Wisconsin Territory that did not become part of Wisconsin, located between the Mississippi River and Wisconsin, including the Arrowhead Region.
At the time of its formation, the territory which is now Minnesota contained three significant "white" settlements: St. Paul, St. Anthony (now part of Minneapolis), and Stillwater. The major territorial institutions were divided among the three: St. Paul was made the capital; Minneapolis was selected as the site of the University of Minnesota; and Stillwater was chosen as the site of the Minnesota Territorial Prison.
|#||Governor||Took office||Left office||Party|
|1||Alexander Ramsey||June 1, 1849||May 15, 1853||Whig|
|2||Willis Arnold Gorman||May 15, 1853||April 23, 1857||Democratic|
|3||Samuel Medary||April 23, 1857||May 24, 1858||Democratic|
- Charles K. Smith, 1849–1851
- Alexander Wilkin, 1851–1853
- Joseph Rosser, 1853–1857
- Charles L. Chase, 1857–1858
Territorial Attorneys General
- Henry Hastings Sibley, 31st Congress, 32nd Congress, 1849–1853
- Henry Mower Rice, 33rd Congress, 34th Congress, 1853–1857
- William W. Kingsbury, 35th Congress, 1857–1858
- John Catlin
- Historic regions of the United States
- History of Minnesota
- Interior Plains
- Territorial era of Minnesota
- Territorial evolution of the United States
- Territory of Dakota, 1861–1889
- Forstall, Richard L. (ed.). Population of the States and Counties of the United States: 1790–1990 (PDF) (Report). United States Census Bureau. p. 4. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- See The Student Page of the Minnesota Secretary of State Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine for an overview of how Minnesota's state boundaries were determined.
- "History of the Minnesota Territory". Minnesota Territorial Pioneers. Archived from the original on July 24, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
Media related to Minnesota Territory at Wikimedia Commons
- Minnesota historic documents (incl. Organic Act, Enabling Act, Act of Admission and territorial maps)
- Debates and proceedings of the Constitutional convention for the territory of Minnesota, to form a state constitution preparatory to its admission into the Union as a state