Minnie Hollow Wood

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Photographed around 1925

Minnie Hollow Wood (c. 1856 – 1930s) was a Lakota woman who earned the right to wear a war bonnet because of her valor in combat against the U.S. Cavalry at the Battle of Little Big Horn.[1][2][3]: 4:37  At one time, she was the only woman in her tribe entitled to wear a war bonnet.[4]


Her husband, Hollow Wood, was a Cheyenne who also fought at the Little Big Horn.[5] Both Hollow Woods surrendered to Colonel Nelson A. Miles at Fort Keogh in Montana in 1877.[5]

Minnie Hollow Wood lived on the Cheyenne reservation in Montana and became an informant of author and ethnologist Thomas Bailey Marquis. Marquis suggested that she was a "favorite" of Miles while she was a prisoner at Fort Keogh.[6]

Representation in popular culture[edit]

Minnie Hollow Wood was the subject of an animated short by Yvonne Russo.[7] Minnie's War Bonnet premiered at the Red Nation International Film Festival in 2019.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hirschfelder, Arlene; Molin, Paulette F. (2012). The Extraordinary Book of Native American Lists. Scarecrow Press. p. 217. ISBN 9780810877108.
  2. ^ Dennis, Yvonne Wakim; Hirschfelder, Arlene; Flynn, Shannon Rothenberger (2016-04-18). Native American Almanac: More Than 50,000 Years of the Cultures and Histories of Indigenous Peoples. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 978-1-57859-607-2.
  3. ^ Russo, Yvonne (November 15, 2019). Minnie's War Bonnet. The Warrior Tradition. Event occurs at 4:37 – via PBS.
  4. ^ Green, Rayna (1992). Women in American Indian society. Internet Archive. New York : Chelsea House Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7910-0401-2.
  5. ^ a b "LBH Warriors" (PDF). Friends Of The Little Bighorn Battlefield. April 26, 2014. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 22, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2006.
  6. ^ Liberty, Dr. Margot (November 2006). "Cheyenne Primacy: The Tribes' Perspective As Opposed To That Of The United States Army: A Possible Alternative To 'The Great Sioux War of 1876". Friends Of The Little Bighorn Battlefield. Archived from the original on August 30, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  7. ^ "Minnie's War Bonnet: A modern Native warrior woman". IndianCountryToday.com. Retrieved 2020-09-30.
  8. ^ "Red Nation Film Festival | Minnie's War Bonnet". Retrieved 2020-09-30.

External links[edit]