|Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Department of the Interior|
For Workforce Diversity
|Born||September 11, 1941|
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
|Alma mater||Laurentian University|
|Occupation||Civil Rights Activist|
|Awards include the Congressional Gold Medal and Spingarn Medal|
Minnijean Brown-Trickey (born September 11, 1941) is a political figure who was a member of the Little Rock Nine, a group of nine African American teenagers who integrated Little Rock Central High School. The integration followed the Brown v. Board of Education decision which required public schools to be desegregated.
Minnijean Brown was born to Willie and Imogene Brown in Little Rock, AR. Willie worked as an independent mason and a landscaping contractor while Imogene was a homemaker and a nurses aide. Minnijean was the eldest of four siblings.
Brown-Trickey began her high school career in 1956 at Horace Mann, an all-black school located in Little Rock, AR. She later transferred to Little Rock Central High School in 1957 following the Brown v. Board of Education decision. Minnijean was expelled from Central and finished her high school education in New York at the New Lincoln School in Manhattan.
Little Rock Nine
In September 1957, with the help of Daisy Bates, a prominent civil rights activist in Central Arkansas, Malinda Brown set out to integrate Little Rock Central High School alongside eight other African American students. The students originally attempted to enter the school on September 4, 1957, but were stopped by the Arkansas National Guard called in by Governor Orval Faubus. In response, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent 1,200 U.S. paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division to assist the Little Rock Nine in entering the school. On September 25, 1957, Brown-Trickey along with the other eight students desegregated Little Rock Central High School.
Despite the troops being stationed at the high school throughout the '57-'58 school year, the nine students were physically and verbally harassed by their classmates. Brown-Trickey was the first suspended out of the Little Rock Nine and she was the only one to be expelled. Her suspension was the result of an incident which took place on December 17, 1957. While walking through the crowded cafeteria during lunch, Brown-Trickey was harassed and ended up dropping her lunch tray and spilling chili on two male students. She was suspended from school for six days. Following her suspension, Minnijean came back to school and a white student spilled soup on her. He was only suspended for two days. Later, in February, a group of girls threw a purse filled with combination locks at Minnijean. She responded by calling the girls "white trash" and was immediately expelled. After her expulsion, students at Central passed a note around which stated, "One down, eight to go."
Following the incident, Brown-Trickey moved to New York and lived with Drs. Kenneth B. and Mamie Clark. The Clarks were African American psychologists who helped with the argument presented by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in the Brown v. Board of Education case.
Brown-Trickey attended the New Lincoln School in Manhattan for 11th and 12th grade.
Life After High School
Minnijean Brown attended Southern Illinois University where she majored in journalism. She lived in Canada for a number of years in the 1980s and 1990s, where she studied social work at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, and later completing a Master of Social Work degree at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario. Eventually, Brown-Trickey moved back to America and worked for the Clinton Administration in 1999 through 2001 as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Workforce Diversity at the Department of the Interior.
Today, Minnijean continues to speak out for minority rights as well as for the environment. She has spoken in 49 states as well as several countries including Canada, England, and South Africa. The speaking event that Brown-Trickey values the most was speaking at an award ceremony for Malala Yousafzai.
Brown-Trickey has been the recipient of many awards including a Lifetime Achievement Tribute by the Canadian Race Relations Foundation, the International Wolf Award, the Spingarn Medal, and an award from the W.E.B. DuBois Institute. Under the Clinton administration, Brown-Trickey received the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999 alongside the other members of the Little Rock Nine.
In 1967, Minnijean Brown married Roy Trickey. The couple had six children before divorcing in the 1980s. One of her daughters, Spirit Trickey, worked for the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Little Rock, AR for 10 years. Growing up, Spirit and her siblings knew very little about their mother's involvement with civil rights. Minnijean didn't enjoy speaking about her time at Central, and it took 30 years for her to discuss the issue with her children. While Spirit no longer works for the Historic Site, she is still involved with the Little Rock Nine and their history. This includes coordinating her mother's speaking events and helping her write a memoir.
Brown-Trickey has been depicted in two made-for-television movies about the Little Rock Nine. She was portrayed by Regina Taylor in the 1981 CBS movie Crisis at Central High, and by Monica Calhoun in the 1993 Disney Channel movie The Ernest Green Story. A documentary film about Brown-Trickey entitled Journey to Little Rock: The Untold Story of Minnijean Brown Trickey (2002) was produced by North-East Pictures in Ottawa, where Brown-Trickey lived during the 1990s.
- "Minnijean Brown Trickey (1941–) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
- Rock, Mailing Address: National Park Service 2120 W. Daisy Gatson Bates Drive Little; Us, AR 72202 Phone: 501 374 1957 Contact. "Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Harvey, Lucy. "A Member of the Little Rock Nine Discusses Her Struggle to Attend Central High". Smithsonian. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversary - The 1957-58 School Year". 2006-12-17. Archived from the original on 2006-12-17. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Revisiting the Little Rock Chili Incident". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Choices People Made: The Little Rock Nine and Their Parents". Facing History and Ourselves. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Minnijean Brown Trickey, Environmental and Civil Rights Activist". Unsung Heroines. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Minnijean Brown-Trickey". Women In Peace. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Minnijean Brown-Trickey Speaking Bio and Videos | The Lavin Agency Speakers Bureau". www.thelavinagency.com. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Trainer, Mark (2016-02-11). "Spirit Trickey and the Little Rock Nine". ShareAmerica. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- "Motivational Speakers". Little Rock Nine Foundation. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
- Crisis at Central High, retrieved 2019-06-03
- The Ernest Green Story, retrieved 2019-06-03