Minnipa, South Australia

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Minnipa
South Australia
Minnipa is located in South Australia
Minnipa
Minnipa
Coordinates 32°51′S 135°09′E / 32.850°S 135.150°E / -32.850; 135.150Coordinates: 32°51′S 135°09′E / 32.850°S 135.150°E / -32.850; 135.150
Population 356 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1915[2]
Postcode(s) 5654[3]
Location 250 km (155 mi) from Port Lincoln
LGA(s) Wudinna
State electorate(s) Flinders
Federal Division(s) Grey
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.7 °C
76 °F
11.2 °C
52 °F
285.5 mm
11.2 in

Minnipa is a small town serving the local grain growing community located on South Australia's Eyre Peninsula.

History[edit]

The Nauo were the indigenous people of the area of Minnipa before they became extinct. The area around the town was first settled in 1878 but it was not until the arrival of the railway line in 1913 that any kind of township developed. When the railway was opened to Minnipa on 5 May 1913, the town consisted of two tents.[4] Development of the surrounding districts followed the railway, and accelerated after the opening of the water pipeline from the Tod River scheme in 1925. By 1960, Minnipa was the major railway centre between Cummins and Thevenard.[4] Before the construction of the Tod River scheme and its network of pipelines, tanks were constructed at many locations to catch the runoff from the granite outcrops which are a feature of the landscape. The earliest of these were constructed at Minnipa Hill in 1914 by the South Australian Railways. These historic tanks were reconditioned in the 1990s and fitted with new roofs to provide a standby water supply for Minnipa.[5]

The town was proclaimed in 1915 and subsequently it became a typical wheatbelt town servicing the surrounding area and providing the necessary grain handling and rail facilities to allow farmers fast access to Thevenard and Port Lincoln.[2] Within the town are a number of grain silos that serve to store the local wheat crop. Adjacent to the silos is a disused railway siding which used to freight the grain crop to Port Lincoln, which is now done by road transport for export around the world.

The town's rural life includes several churches, a general store, caravan park, pub, fodder store, vet clinic and other industry based companies. Its sporting tradition includes swimming, Australian Rules football, tennis, netball and table tennis.

The town is close both to the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, and to the Gawler Ranges. It is located in the centre of a vast low-rainfall wheat belt and the surrounding countryside includes numerous wind-shaped granite outcrops.[4]

The 'wave' shapes and varied colours of the granite outcrops or bornhardts in the area were formed by moisture-induced decomposition of the sub-surface granite when the ground level was much higher. Gradual erosion of the surface soil has left the granite outcrops exposed.[5] Popular tourist destinations These granite outcrops were noted by Edward John Eyre, and a few years later the Government sponsored an expedition to map and record the native names of the outcrops, they were Tcharkulda, Yarwondutta, Minnipa, Chilpuddie and Pildappa. Fifteen km north of Minippa township is the standout Pildappa Rock whose incredible flowing forms rival the singular form of the better known Wave Rock in Western Australia.[6]

Climate[edit]

Minnipa has a semi-arid climate with hot and dry summers and only moderately wet winters. Due to a change of weather station location and a closure of the old Minnipa station in 2002, this article uses the 1996-2017 averages from the new station, while records cover both, considering there was only 700 metres (770 yd) between those.

Climate data for Minnipa (1996-2017 normals); extremes since 1915)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.2
(117)
46.0
(114.8)
44.4
(111.9)
40.0
(104)
31.2
(88.2)
26.5
(79.7)
30.0
(86)
32.3
(90.1)
36.6
(97.9)
40.8
(105.4)
45.4
(113.7)
45.0
(113)
47.2
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 33.1
(91.6)
32.4
(90.3)
28.8
(83.8)
24.8
(76.6)
20.3
(68.5)
16.7
(62.1)
16.2
(61.2)
17.8
(64)
21.7
(71.1)
25.4
(77.7)
28.8
(83.8)
30.5
(86.9)
24.7
(76.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
12.0
(53.6)
9.9
(49.8)
7.4
(45.3)
6.6
(43.9)
6.8
(44.2)
8.2
(46.8)
10.2
(50.4)
12.6
(54.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.9
(44.4)
5.3
(41.5)
4.5
(40.1)
2.2
(36)
−1.2
(29.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
2.1
(35.8)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.5
(0.453)
14.2
(0.559)
20.7
(0.815)
16.3
(0.642)
27.6
(1.087)
36.9
(1.453)
36.4
(1.433)
37.5
(1.476)
27.2
(1.071)
20.3
(0.799)
16.8
(0.661)
20.1
(0.791)
285.5
(11.24)
Average relative humidity (%) 25 27 31 35 46 54 56 51 43 32 28 28 38
Source: [7]

Heritage listings[edit]

Minnipa has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Minnipa (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2017-02-27.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b Minnipa - Culture & History
  3. ^ Australia Post: Postcode Search
  4. ^ a b c Minnipa and Eyre Peninsula Archived 14 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b Minnipa and District Archived 10 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Minnipa, South Australia
  7. ^ "Minnipa Pirsa Station". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  8. ^ "Pildappa Rock (designated place of geological significance)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "xYarwondutta Rock and Quarry (designated a place of geological significance)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Yarwondutta Rock Tank". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. [permanent dead link]

"Climate Statistics for Australian Locations". Retrieved 2009-11-19.