Minor Sherlock Holmes characters
This article describes minor characters from the Sherlock Holmes stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and from non-canonical derived works. The list excludes the titular character as well as Dr. Watson, Professor Moriarty, Inspector Lestrade, Mycroft Holmes, Mrs. Hudson, Irene Adler, Colonel Moran, the Baker Street Irregulars, and characters not significant enough to mention.
Inspector Baynes of the Surrey force appears in the two-part story "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge", subtitled (i) "The Singular Experience of Mr John Scott Eccles", and (ii) "The Tiger of San Pedro". He is the only official policeman in the books to have ever matched Sherlock Holmes in his investigative skills. In this story, the reader finds that despite working along different lines, they both arrive at the correct conclusion and solve the case at the same time. In fact, Baynes had misled even Holmes as he used a method similar to one that Holmes often used when he arrested the wrong man and provided inaccurate information to the press in order to lull the true criminal into a false sense of security. Holmes congratulated this inspector and believed that he would go far.
A version of Inspector Baynes appears in the video game The Testament of Sherlock Holmes (2012), in which Baynes is employed by Scotland Yard. In the Japanese puppetry television series Sherlock Holmes (2014–2015), Baynes is a pupil of Beeton School as well as Holmes and has a strong sense of rivalry against him. Baynes speaks in a precocious manner and provokes Holmes to find the truth of the disappearance of two pupils, Garcia and Henderson. After that, he provokes Holmes again by posting a message using the stick figures of dancing men in the school. Yōsuke Asari voices him.
Inspector Bradstreet is a detective who appears in three short stories: "The Man with the Twisted Lip", "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle" and "The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb". Doyle described him as "a tall, stout official... in a peaked cap and frogged jacket". Sidney Paget's illustrations for the Strand Magazine depict him with a full beard. Beyond this little is revealed about him in the canon.
Bradstreet originally served in Scotland Yard's E Division which associates him with the Bow Street Runners, a forerunner of Scotland Yard. He claims to have been in the force since 1862 ("The Man with the Twisted Lip") but in June 1889 Dr Watson writes he is in B Division to oversee "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle". According to Sherlockian author Jack Tracy, B Division was "one of the twenty-two administrative divisions of the Metropolitan Police Force. Its 5.17 square miles include parts of south Kensington and the south-western section of West-minister [sic?]".
In "The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb", he accompanied Holmes to Eyford, a village in Berkshire. According to Jack Tracy's The Encyclopaedia Sherlockiana, he was "assigned most likely to the central headquarters staff." Bradstreet is not a martinet; in "The Man with the Twisted Lip" he could have prosecuted the false beggar, but chose to overlook this action to spare Neville St Clair the trauma of shaming his wife and children.
Herbert Rawlinson played Bradstreet in a radio adaptation of "The Man with the Twisted Lip" (1946) in The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. In the 1952–1969 series of Sherlock Holmes BBC radio adaptations, Bradstreet was played by Ronald Baddiley in the 1959 dramatisation of "The Man with the Twisted Lip". Bradstreet was portrayed by Victor Brooks in the 1965 television adaptation of the same story in the television series Sherlock Holmes. Bradstreet appears four times in Granada Television's The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: "The Blue Carbuncle", "The Man with the Twisted Lip", "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" (substituting for Inspector Lestrade, as Colin Jeavons was unavailable), and a cameo appearance in "The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone". Initially he was played by Brian Miller as a blustering, pompous plodder, then later as much more competent by Denis Lill. In the 1989–1998 radio series of BBC Radio Sherlock Holmes adaptations, Bradstreet was played by David Goudge in two episodes in 1991.
Inspector Tobias Gregson, a Scotland Yard inspector, was first introduced in A Study in Scarlet (1887), and he subsequently appears in "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter" (1893), "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (1908) and "The Adventure of the Red Circle" (1911). Holmes declares him to be "the smartest of the Scotland Yarders," but given Holmes' opinion of the Scotland Yard detectives, this is not sweeping praise. In one of the stories Watson specifically mentions the callous and cool way in which Gregson behaved.
Gregson first appears in A Study in Scarlet and is a polar opposite of another Yarder Doyle created, Inspector Lestrade. Lestrade and Gregson are such visual opposites, it indicates the barrier Doyle drew between them to emphasise their professional animosity. Gregson is tall, "tow-headed" (fair-haired) in contrast to the shorter Lestrade's dark "ferretlike" (narrow) features and has "fat, square hands".
Of all the Yarders, Gregson comes the closest to meeting Sherlock Holmes on intellectual grounds, while acknowledging Holmes's abilities. He even admits to Holmes that he always feels more confident when he has Holmes' aid in a case. Regrettably, he is bound within the confines of the law he serves, and the delay in getting his assistance turns to tragedy in "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter". He also has some regrettable human flaws. During A Study in Scarlet he publicly laughs at Lestrade's incorrect assumptions, even though he is also on the wrong trail.
Unlike Lestrade, Gregson overlooks the little grey areas of the law, and in "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter" overlooks Holmes's breaking of a window in order to enter a premises. The life of Mycroft Holmes's fellow lodger is saved by this minor criminal act.
Gregson last appears in Doyle's "The Adventure of the Red Circle" in events that happen in 1902 but are not published by Dr Watson until 1911. In this story, Watson observes that:
Our official detectives may blunder in the matter of intelligence, but never in that of courage. Gregson climbed the stair to arrest this desperate murderer with the same absolutely quiet and businesslike bearing with which he would have ascended the official staircase of Scotland Yard. The Pinkerton man had tried to push past him, but Gregson had firmly elbowed him back. London dangers were the privilege of the London force.
Inspector Gregson has appeared in multiple pastiches written by other authors, including several short stories by Adrian Conan Doyle published in the 1954 collection The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes, and the novel Dust and Shadow (2009) by Lyndsay Faye.
In other media
- John Willard played Inspector Gregson in the 1922 silent film Sherlock Holmes.
- In the 1945 film The Woman in Green, Gregson was played by Matthew Boulton.
- Eric Snowden played Inspector Gregson in the episode "The Strange Case of the Demon Barber" (1946) in the radio series The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- In the 1952–1969 BBC radio series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations, Michael Turner voiced Gregson in the 1960 dramatisation of "The Greek Interpreter". He was played by Humphrey Morton in "A Study in Scarlet" (1962) and "The Red Circle" (1969). Geoffrey Wincott voiced Inspector Gregson in the 1966 dramatisation of "Wisteria Lodge".
- George A. Cooper played Inspector Gregson in two episodes of the television series Sherlock Holmes in 1968.
- Frederick Treves voiced Inspector Gregson in the 1974 BBC radio drama "A Study in Scarlet".
- In the Soviet television film series The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson (1979–1986), Inspector Gregson was played by Igor Dmitriev.
- Inspector Gregson was portrayed by Oliver Maguire in the 1985 episode "The Greek Interpreter" in the Granada Television series Sherlock Holmes.
- In the BBC Radio Sherlock Holmes series with Clive Merrison as Sherlock Holmes, Inspector Gregson was voiced by John Moffat in A Study in Scarlet (1989), and by Ronald Herdman in "The Greek Interpreter" (1992) and "The Red Circle" (1994).
- Inspector Gregson appears in the video game The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Serrated Scalpel (1992), and is briefly seen at Scotland Yard in the sequel The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Rose Tattoo (1996).
- Gregson appears in two cases in the video game Sherlock Holmes: Consulting Detective Vol. III (1993).
- In Sherlock Holmes radio dramas on Imagination Theatre, Inspector Gregson is played mainly by John Murray.
- A character named Captain Gregson of the NYPD appears in the TV adaptation Elementary (2012–2019), portrayed by Aidan Quinn. Originally he was to be called Tobias Gregson, after the character in the stories, but his name was changed to Thomas Gregson.
- Tobias Gregson is the main police detective in the game The Great Ace Attorney: Adventures (2015), before being replaced by Gina Lestrade, a pickpocket based on Inspector Lestrade whom Gregson trained in detective work.
- Edward Harrison voiced Inspector Gregson in Sherlock Holmes: The Voice of Treason, an Audible Original 8-hour audio drama released in 2020.
- Gregson appears in the anime Moriarty the Patriot.
- Gregson is played by Tim Key in the streaming television series The Irregulars.
Inspector Stanley Hopkins is a Scotland Yard detective and a student of Holmes's deductive methods, who attempts to apply them in his own investigations. Holmes, however, is very critical of Hopkins's ability to apply them well, Hopkins sometimes making such mistakes as arresting a man whose notebook was found at a crime scene despite it being physically impossible for the man in question to have killed the victim in the manner that he was discovered; after the real culprit was captured, he learns to be more open-minded in future cases. Hopkins refers several cases to Holmes, all within the South-East areas of England and London, including:
- "The Adventure of the Golden Pince-Nez", set in 1894 in Chatham, Kent, and
- "The Adventure of Black Peter", in Weald set in 1895, and
- "The Adventure of the Abbey Grange", in 1897 in Chislehurst.
Teddy Arundell played Inspector Hopkins in eleven 1922 short films in the Sherlock Holmes silent film series by Stoll Pictures. H. Wheeler played Hopkins in one 1922 short film. In the 1946 film Dressed to Kill, Hopkins was portrayed by Carl Harbord. In the television series Sherlock Holmes (1965–1968), the character was played in two 1965 episodes by John Barcroft and one 1968 episode by James Kenney.
In the 1952–1969 series of Sherlock Holmes BBC radio adaptations, Inspector Hopkins was played by Michael Turner in the radio drama "Black Peter" (1961), Hugh Dickson in "The Golden Pince-Nez" and "The Abbey Grange" (both in 1962), and Arnold Peters in another radio version of "Black Peter" (1969). Hopkins was voiced by Geoffrey Collins in a 1970 LP record audio drama adaptation of "Black Peter".
In the Granada Television series Sherlock Holmes, Inspector Hopkins was played by Paul Williamson in "The Abbey Grange" (1986) and by Nigel Planer in "The Golden Pince-Nez" (1994). Hopkins was played by Andrew Wincott in three 1993 episodes of the 1989–1998 BBC Radio Sherlock Holmes series. In the first episode of Season Two of Elementary, a "DCI Hopkins" calls Holmes to London from New York. A female Inspector named Stella Hopkins appears in the episode of Sherlock entitled "The Six Thatchers". While uncertain, it can be presumed that the character drew inspiration from Inspector Hopkins.
Inspector Athelney Jones is a Scotland Yard detective who appears in The Sign of the Four. He arrests the entire household of Bartholomew Sholto, including his brother and servants, on suspicion of his murder, but is forced to release all but one of them, much to his own embarrassment.
According to Leslie S. Klinger, several scholars have theorised that Athelney Jones and Peter Jones, the "official police agent" who appears in "The Red-Headed League", are the same person. Peter Jones is similar to Athelney Jones in character, and references the events of The Sign of the Four, remarking of Holmes that "once or twice, as in that business of the Sholto murder and the Agra treasure, he has been more nearly correct than the official force."
Athelney Jones was played by Emrys James in the 1987 Granada adaptation, whilst Siôn Probert portrayed him in the 1989 radio adaptation of The Sign of the Four in the 1989–1998 BBC Radio series. Siôn Probert also played Athelney Jones in two episodes of the BBC radio series The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, "The Singular Inheritance of Miss Gloria Wilson" (2002) and "The Thirteen Watches" (2009). The 2001 Hallmark adaptation featured Michel Perron as Jones. In an episode of the American radio series The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes titled "The Mystery of Edelweiss Lodge" (2011), Inspector Peter Jones introduces himself as Athelney Jones's brother.
Inspector Alec MacDonald is a Scotland Yard inspector who appears in the novel The Valley of Fear. He is from Aberdeen, Scotland. Watson states that MacDonald is "a silent, precise man with a dour nature and a hard Aberdonian accent. Twice already in his career had Holmes helped him to attain success". MacDonald respects Holmes, and Holmes calls him "friend MacDonald" and frequently addresses him as "Mr. Mac".
According to Owen Dudley Edwards, Inspector MacDonald may have been inspired by Inspector Mackenzie, a fictional Scottish police detective in E. W. Hornung's A. J. Raffles stories, though the two inspectors are different in character.
Gordon Jackson played Inspector MacDonald in the television film The Masks of Death (1984). He was played by Mark Bonnar in the 1997 radio adaptation of The Valley of Fear in the 1989–1998 BBC Radio series. MacDonald is played by Dennis Bateman and David Natale in the American radio series The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, in which he is a recurring character.
Billy is Holmes's young page, appearing in the stories The Valley of Fear, "The Problem of Thor Bridge" and "The Mazarin Stone". In the latter, he plays a significant role in helping to arrest the lead villain. He is a more significant character in all three of Doyle's plays featuring Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock Holmes; A Drama in Four Acts, The Stonor Case and The Crown Diamond, and in the spoof The Painful Predicament of Sherlock Holmes written by William Gillette. In 1903 Charlie Chaplin began his career by playing Billy on stage in both the four-act play and Gillette's spoof.
Billy has appeared in the films Sherlock Holmes (1916), Sherlock Holmes (1922), Sherlock Holmes (1932) and The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939). In the episode of the TV series Sherlock entitled "The Abominable Bride", Billy makes an appearance played by Adam Greaves-Neal, who previously played an original character named Archie in "The Sign of Three" (though presumably Archie drew some inspiration from Billy).
Shinwell "Porky" Johnson is a former criminal who acts as informant and occasional muscle for Sherlock Holmes. Watson notes that the nature of his association with Holmes means that Shinwell is only useful in cases that by their nature will not go to court, as he would compromise his connection to Holmes and thus render himself useless as a source if he ever had to testify as part of a case. He appears in "The Adventure of the Illustrious Client" where he protects Kitty from Baron Grüner's henchmen and provides Holmes with insight into how he might go about infiltrating Grüner's house to acquire a certain book.
He appears in the Sherlock Holmes: Consulting Detective video game series (1991–1993), in which he is a former criminal and innkeeper. He is referred to in the BBC radio adaptations of Sherlock Holmes, specifically in an episode of The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, "The Ferrers Documents" (2009), where he appears to carry on with intimidation business. He is played in the episode by Dan Starkey.
The fifth season of the TV show Elementary introduced an updated version of the character (played by Nelsan Ellis) as both a former patient of Watson's and ex-convict now attempting to go straight. He became part of a complex sting operation to infiltrate and dismantle his old gang, but after Sherlock and Joan decided to trust him even after learning that he killed one of his old associates in the gang, he was killed before he could complete his assignment.
Mary Watson, née Morstan, is the wife of Dr. Watson. She is first introduced in The Sign of the Four, where she and Watson tentatively become attracted to each other, but only when the case is resolved is he able to propose to her. She is described as a blonde with pale skin. At the time she hires Holmes she had been making a living as a governess. At the end of the story the main treasure is lost - rather to Watson's relief, since if she had been a rich heiress his proposing to her might have been considered the act of a fortune hunter. She does receive six pearls from a chaplet of the Agra Treasure.
Her father, Captain Arthur Morstan, was a senior captain of an Indian regiment and later stationed near the Andaman Islands. He disappeared in 1878 under mysterious circumstances that would later be proven to be related to the mystery, The Sign of the Four. Her mother died sometime before 1878 and she had no other relatives in England, although she was educated there (in accordance with the received wisdom of the time about European children in British-ruled India) until the age of seventeen. Shortly afterward her father disappeared and she found work as a governess. Watson and Mary married in 1889.
Mary Morstan is mentioned in passing in "The Adventure of the Crooked Man" and "The Boscombe Valley Mystery", but by the time of "The Adventure of the Norwood Builder" (after Holmes's return) Mary Morstan has died and Watson has returned to his former lodgings in Baker Street. Her cause of death is never mentioned.
Leslie S. Klinger writes that there appear to be contradictions regarding Mary Morstan between the stories. According to Morstan in The Sign of the Four, which likely takes place in the summer of 1888, her mother died many years ago and she has no relatives in England. However, in "The Five Orange Pips", which is explicitly dated by Watson in September 1887, Watson is already married, and is again in Baker Street because his wife was "on a visit to her mother's". These discrepancies may be errors, though Klinger suggests they indicate that Watson had a wife who preceded Mary Morstan and died before 1888.
Film and television
Mary Morstan has been portrayed on film and television by several actresses. In many cases, her role is expanded in new stories.
- Isobel Elsom in the 1913 silent film Sherlock Holmes Solves The Sign of the Four.
- Isla Bevan in the 1932 film The Sign of Four: Sherlock Holmes' Greatest Case featuring Arthur Wontner as Holmes.
- Ann Bell in The Sign of Four episode of the 1965–1968 Sherlock Holmes series featuring Peter Cushing as Holmes and Nigel Stock as Watson.
- Gila von Weitershausen in the 1974 French/German film Das Zeichen der Vier.
- Samantha Eggar in the 1976 film The Seven-Per-Cent Solution.
- Cherie Lunghi in the 1983 film The Sign of Four featuring Ian Richardson as Holmes.
- Yekaterina Zinchenko in the 1983 Soviet film The Treasures of Agra (Priklyucheniya Sherloka Kholmsa I doktora Vatsona: Sokrovishcha Angry).
- Jenny Seagrove in the 1987 television film starring Jeremy Brett.
- Susannah Harker in the 1991 television adaptation of the play The Crucifer of Blood, starring Charlton Heston as Sherlock Holmes. In the play and the telefilm, Morstan is renamed "Irene St. Claire".
- Sophie Lorain in the 2001 film The Sign of Four, with Matt Frewer as Sherlock Holmes and Kenneth Welsh as Dr. Watson. In this version, Mary Morstan becomes engaged to Thaddeus Sholto rather than Dr. Watson.
- Kelly Reilly in Guy Ritchie's 2009 film Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Downey, Jr. as Sherlock Holmes and Jude Law as Dr. Watson. In the film, Mary is first introduced to Holmes as Watson's fiancée rather than as a client. Reilly reprises the role, marrying Watson in the 2011 film Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows. It is unknown whether she will return in the 3rd film.
- Lexi Wolfe in the 2012–2015 web series The Mary Morstan Mysteries. Lexi would also play the character (Mrs. Watson) in one episode of the show's parent series, No Place Like Holmes.
- Freda Foh Shen in few episodes of TV adaptation Elementary (2012–2019). In this case, Mary Watson is Watson's mother.
- Amanda Abbington in the third season of Sherlock. She is first introduced in "The Empty Hearse" (2014) and later marries John Watson. (See Mary (Morstan) Watson on the series' character list.)
- Anna Ishibashi voices Mary Morstan, a pupil of Archer House in the NHK puppetry television series Sherlock Holmes. In the show, her elder brother Arthur is attacked by someone and she requests Holmes to find the truth behind it. Meanwhile, Watson falls in love with her at first sight and tries to show her his braveness. But there is a rival called Jonathan Small who sent her a picture postcard every week before her entrance into Beeton School and writes a song "You Are My Treasure" for her. Small joins a chorus band formed by Arthur and the Sholto twins but is betrayed by Arthur who changes the title to "Agra Treasure" and makes it his own.
- Nao Tōyama voices Mary Morstan in the original anime television series Case File nº221: Kabukicho (2019–2020).
Radio and stage
- In a radio dramatisation of The Sign of the Four that was broadcast on WGY in 1922, Viola Karwowska played Mary Morstan.
- She was played by Norma Varden in "Colonel Warburton's Madness" (1945) in the radio series The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- Mary Morstan was played by Barbara Mitchell in 1959 serial The Sign of Four which aired on the BBC Light Programme.
- In the 1952–1969 radio series, Elizabeth Morgan played Mary Morstan in the 1963 BBC Home Service radio drama "The Sign of the Four".
- In the play The Crucifer of Blood (1978), which is adapted from The Sign of the Four, Mary Morstan is renamed, Irene St. Claire. Glenn Close played the character in the original 1978 Broadway cast of the play; Susan Hampshire played her in the original 1979 London cast.
- In the 1981 BBC Radio dramatisation of the novel Sherlock Holmes vs. Dracula, the character was played by Theresa Streatfeild.
- In the BBC Radio 4 Sherlock Holmes series, she was played by Moir Leslie in the two-part serial The Sign of the Four (1989), Elizabeth Mansfield in "The Boscombe Valley Mystery" (1990), and Jillie Meers in "The Empty House" (1993).
- In Sherlock Holmes's radio dramas on Imagination Theatre, she has been portrayed by Mary Anne Dorward, Ellen McLain, and Mary Kae Irvin. The character's first appearance was in a 1998 episode of The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, "The Adventure of the Seven Shares" (1998).
Langdale Pike is a celebrated gossipmonger whose columns are published in numerous magazines and newspapers (referred to as the "garbage papers" by Watson). He's introduced in "The Adventure of the Three Gables" in which he helps Holmes learn the name of the woman who led Douglas Maberley to his demise, although he does not actually appear in the story itself and is only referred to by Watson who describes Pike as "strange" and "languid" and states that all of Pike's waking hours are spent "in the bow window of a St. James's Street club". His character has however been expanded on or fleshed out elsewhere.
In William S. Baring-Gould's biography of Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street (1962), it is claimed that Pike is a college acquaintance of Holmes who encourages a young Holmes to try his hand at acting. Here his real name is given as 'Lord Peter'. Langdale Pike also appears in the Sherlock Holmes: Consulting Detective video game series (1991–1993).
In Peter Ling's 1994 radio play of "The Three Gables" for the 1989–1998 BBC Radio series, Pike's real name is said to be Clarence Gable. Here he is also an old school-friend of Holmes's and is nervous of strangers and reluctant to leave his club for this reason. In both the 1994 BBC radio play and the 2007 Imagination Theatre radio adaptation of the story, "Langdale Pike" is said to be a pen name derived from the Langdale Pikes. The Imagination Theatre version implies his real name is Lord Peter, as in Baring-Gould's book.
In the Granada television adaptation starring Jeremy Brett as Holmes, Pike (played by Peter Wyngarde) is apparently an old university friend of Holmes's. Here he claims to be the benevolent counterpart of Charles Augustus Milverton (the eponymous blackmailer of The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton), who suppresses more information than he exposes. Though Watson is rather scathing about Pike, Holmes is more sympathetic towards him, suggesting that Pike is isolated, much like Holmes himself.
In the American television series Elementary, Pike appears in the first episode of the second season as one of Holmes' sources in London; details are not seen as Pike moves quickly when delivering a package to Watson. "Langdale" is used as a British Intelligence codename in the first episode of the fourth series of Sherlock, along with "Porlock," the name of another Holmes informer in the original stories. In the NHK puppetry television series Sherlock Holmes (2014–2015), Pike is a pupil of Beeton School and assists Holmes in his investigation. He also works as informant and is fast at his job but tight with money. Besides he sells photographs of girls to male pupils. Tomokazu Seki voices him.
"Colonel Lysander Stark" is the alias of a tall gaunt German National [first name Fritz] who is the head of a counterfeiting gang in England; his two accomplices are a german woman named Elsie and a morose fat englishman under the name of "Dr Beecher". Their base of operations was the town of Eyford near Reading, Berkshire, using a water powered hydralic press to compress the metal into half-crowns. In 1889 Stark was compelled to hire a hydralic engineer named Victor Hatherley when the press began to malfunction. When Hatherly realized that the press was not used to compress fuller's earth but metal, Stark locked him within the machine. The woman freed Hatherly; Stark attacked Hatherly with a cleaver cutting off the engineers thumb when Heartly was escaping from a second story window. Heatherly just managed to bind the wound before fainting from loss of blood; Elsie and "Beecher" carried the unconscious man to a rose hedge. "Stark" was prevented from killing Hatherley because Hatherley's lamp set the wooden walls of the press and their house on fire. Stark and his accomplices fled to Reading with several boxes of counterfeit coins; as both Sherlock Holmes and Scotland Yard cannot find them in England, presumesly the gang has fled to Germany. Hatherly story helps Holmes solve the disappearance of another hydralic engineer in 1888. The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb
Toby is a dog who is used by Sherlock Holmes. He appears in The Sign of the Four and is described by Watson as an "ugly long haired, lop-eared creature, half spaniel and half lurcher, brown and white in colour, with a very clumsy waddling gait." Though used by Holmes, the dog belongs to Mr. Sherman who keeps a menagerie of creatures at No. 3 Pinchin Lane in Lambeth, in London. Toby lives at No. 7 within his house. Holmes states he would "rather have Toby's help than that of the whole detective force in London" and requests the dog by name. Holmes uses a different tracking dog while in Cambridge in "The Adventure of the Missing Three-Quarter".
Toby also featured in the 1978 pastische novel Sherlock Holmes vs Dracula; or, The Adventures of the Sanguinary Count by Loren D. Estleman, when Watson and Holmes called on Toby to track Count Dracula after finding him in a meat-packing district – Dracula's carriage having rolled through blood and old entrails – allowing the two to track Dracula to Watson's house in time to learn that he has abducted Mary Watson.
In the Holmes-esque The Great Mouse Detective (1986), Toby is a Basset Hound and a permanent resident of 221b Baker Street. He is frequently used by Basil, the eponymous protagonist, as a means of transport and to pick up trails. Toby appears in the video game The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Serrated Scalpel (1992) and its sequel The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Rose Tattoo (1996). In the video game The Testament of Sherlock Holmes (2012) and some of the other games in the Sherlock Holmes video game series, a Basset Hound version of Toby is briefly controlled by the player.
In the NHK puppetry television series Sherlock Holmes (2014–2015), Toby is kept by Sherman in a shed in Beeton School and assists Holmes in his investigation. In the series, Sherman is a female pupil who loves animals and communicates with them, unlike Mr. Sherman in The Sign of the Four. Though being a pupil of Baker House, she does not live in the house, but in the shed with animals. In the BBC series Sherlock, in the first episode of the fourth season titled "The Six Thatchers", Sherlock Holmes requires the services of a bloodhound named Toby.
Wiggins was voiced on BBC radio by Paul Taylor in the 1959 serial The Sign of Four. In the 1952–1969 radio series, Wiggins was played by David Valla in the 1962 dramatisation of "A Study in Scarlet", and by Glyn Dearman in "The Sign of the Four" (1963). In the 1965 musical Baker Street, Wiggins was portrayed by Teddy Green. Wiggins was played by Tony McLaren in the 1968 episodes "The Study in Scarlet" and "The Sign of the Four" of the television series Sherlock Holmes.
The film The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970), directed by Billy Wilder, features a character called Wiggins (played by Graham Armitage) who is a footman at the Diogenes Club. He delivers a note to Mycroft Holmes (played by Christopher Lee) and receives instructions concerning various items. Wiggins was played by Jay Simpson in the 1983 television series The Baker Street Boys. Courtney Roper-Knight portrayed Wiggins in the 1987 television film "The Sign of Four", part of the Granada Television series Sherlock Holmes. In the 1988 film Without a Clue, Wiggins was played by Matthew Savage. The 1989–1991 animated television series Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century features a version of the character also named Wiggins, voiced by Viv Leacock.
Wiggins appears in the video game The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Serrated Scalpel (1992) and was played by Corey Miller in the version of the game released in 1994. Wiggins returns in the sequel The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Rose Tattoo (1996), voiced by Paul Vincent Black. The character, credited as "Bill Wiggins", also appears in the series three finale of Sherlock portrayed by Tom Brooke as a drug user who actually demonstrates the beginning of Sherlock's deductive skills, and later appoints himself a "pupil" of Sherlock's. In the video game Sherlock Holmes: Crimes & Punishments (2014), Wiggins plays a significant role in the last case of the game.
Some fictional characters associated with Sherlock Holmes are not part of the Conan Doyle canon and were created by other writers.
Enola Holmes is the younger sister of Sherlock and Mycroft Holmes. She appears in the book series The Enola Holmes Mysteries by Nancy Springer as well as the 2020 film Enola Holmes. Enola is an independent and rebellious girl who likes to wear trousers while riding her bike. She becomes a "perditorian," or finder of lost things, when her mother runs away with the gypsies and her brothers try to send her to boarding school. Using her natural cunning which seems to be inherited by every member of the Holmes family, she creates multiple disguises on her quest to be reunited with her mother and evade her brothers.
It is hinted that there is a third Holmes sibling in the third-series episode "His Last Vow" of the BBC Sherlock series. In the second episode of the fourth series, "The Lying Detective", it is confirmed that Mycroft and Sherlock in fact have a sister named Eurus. She is extremely intelligent but unfeeling and is incarcerated in a maximum security psychiatric facility. She is the main antagonist in the last episode of the fourth series, "The Final Problem".
Morland Holmes is the influential businessman and father of Sherlock and Mycroft, interpreted by John Noble in the TV adaptation Elementary. According to Sherlock, Morland Holmes doesn't care about his sons, and only does what he does out of a sense of familial obligations. Sherlock says he is a serial absentee, and that he has been so since Sherlock was a boy. He sent Sherlock to boarding school when he was eight years old.
Raffles Holmes, the son of Sherlock Holmes, is a fictional character in the 1906 collection of short stories Raffles Holmes and Company by John Kendrick Bangs. He is described as the son of Sherlock Holmes by Marjorie Raffles, the daughter of gentleman thief A.J. Raffles.
Wold Newton family theorist Win Scott Eckert devised an explanation in his Original Wold Newton Universe Crossover Chronology to reconcile the existence of Raffles Holmes with canonical information about Sherlock Holmes and A.J. Raffles, which fellow Wold Newton speculator Brad Mengel incorporated into his essay "Watching the Detectives." According to the theory, Holmes married Marjorie in 1883, and she died giving birth to Raffles later that year. Since Raffles and Holmes are contemporaries, it has been suggested that Marjorie was actually Raffles' sister.
Eckert further proposed in his Crossover Chronology that (1) Raffles Holmes was the same character as the "lovely, lost son" of Sherlock Holmes referred to in Laurie R. King's Mary Russell novels, and (2) Raffles Holmes was the father of Creighton Holmes, who is featured in the collection of short stories The Adventures of Creighton Holmes by Ned Hubbell.
Mengel's online essay was revised for publication in the Eckert-edited Myths for the Modern Age: Philip José Farmer's Wold Newton Universe (MonkeyBrain Books, 2005), a collection of Wold Newton essays by Farmer and several other "post-Farmerian" contributors, authorised by Farmer as an extension of his Wold Newton mythos. He does not appear or is ever mentioned in any of the original stories of Sherlock Holmes and is not a creation of Doyle.
Sherrinford Holmes is a proposed elder brother of Sherlock Holmes and Mycroft Holmes. His name is taken from early notes as one of those considered by Arthur Conan Doyle for his detective hero before settling on "Sherlock Holmes". The name is used of Holmes by Stamford in the 1954 radio show 'Dr Watson Meets Sherlock Holmes' as he attempts to remember Holmes' first name.
He was first proposed by William S. Baring-Gould who wrote in his fictional biography Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street (1962) that Sherrinford was the eldest brother of Sherlock Holmes. Holmes once stated that his family were country squires, which means that the eldest brother would have to stay to manage the estate. If Mycroft were the eldest, he could not play the role he does in four stories of the Sherlock Holmes canon, so Sherrinford frees them both. This position is strengthened by the fact that Mycroft's general position as a senior civil servant was a common choice among the younger sons of the gentry.
The character (as "Sherringford") appears along with his brothers in the Virgin New Adventures Doctor Who novel All-Consuming Fire by Andy Lane, where he is revealed to be the member of a cult worshiping an alien telepathic slug that is mutating him and his followers into an insect-like form; the novel culminates with Holmes being forced to shoot his brother to save Watson.
He also appears, accused of a murder that Sherlock must find him innocent of, in the Call of Cthulhu roleplaying game adventure The Yorkshire Horrors. Sherrinford also appears in the Italian comic series Storie da Altrove (a spin-off of Martin Mystère) as the eldest brother, born nine years before him, of Sherlock himself.
The film The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother has as its protagonist Sigerson Holmes who Sherlock (a minor character) identifies as a brother of himself and Mycroft. The name "Sigerson" is an alias mentioned in passing in a Conan Doyle story as an alias Sherlock used while posing as an explorer.
Auguste Lupa is the son of Sherlock Holmes and Irene Adler. He appears in two pastiche novels by author John Lescroart, Son of Holmes (1986) and Rasputin's Revenge (1987). Lupa, a secret agent during the First World War, is strongly implied to be the younger version of fictional detective Nero Wolfe in the mystery series by Rex Stout.
Mary Russell is a fictional character in a book series by Laurie R. King, focusing on the adventures of Russell and her mentor and, later, husband, an aging Sherlock Holmes.
The adventures of Amelia Watson, the second wife of Dr. John Watson, are chronicled in a series of short stories and novels by Michael Mallory. The character is based upon the enigmatic reference to Watson having left Holmes in 1902 for a wife, a reference that appears in the canonical story The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier, although the woman in the story is never named or identified nor ever mentioned again in the canon.
Joanna Blalock is a fictional character in a book series by Leonard Goldberg, in which Joanna is reputed (and later confirmed) to be the daughter of Sherlock Holmes. Irene Adler died giving birth to her in the early 1890s, and Holmes gave her up for adoption. By the outbreak of World War I she is a widowed nurse with a young son, but has the same gift for deductive reasoning as her father, and joins Dr. John Watson, Jr. in a series of mystery adventures, which Dr. Watson Sr. narrates. She and John Jr. marry at the end of the first story. Both she and her husband believe Holmes to be deceased at this time, though canon stories imply that he is working undercover for Britain's war efforts. It is not confirmed whether Dr. Watson, Sr. knows this.
- Tracy, Jack. "The Encyclopaedia Sherlockiana" 1977 Doubleday & Co.
- Dickerson, Ian (2019). Sherlock Holmes and His Adventures on American Radio. BearManor Media. p. 200. ISBN 978-1629335087.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. pp. 386, 402. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: The Blue Carbuncle". BBC Genome: Radio Times. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020. See also "The Engineer's Thumb".
- Dickerson, Ian (2019). Sherlock Holmes and His Adventures on American Radio. BearManor Media. p. 190. ISBN 978-1629335087.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 387. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 393. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- Eyles, Allen (1986). Sherlock Holmes: A Centenary Celebration. Harper & Row. p. 138–140. ISBN 9780060156206.
- "Classic Serial: A Study in Scarlet: 1: Revenge". BBC Genome: Radio Times. 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes: The Greek Interpreter". BBC Genome: Radio Times. 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Sherlock Holmes: His Last Bow: 3: The Red Circle". BBC Genome: Radio Times. 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Wright, Stewart (30 April 2019). "The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Broadcast Log" (PDF). Old-Time Radio. Retrieved 30 March 2020. Appears in multiple episodes such as "The Quartermaine Curse" (1999), "The Hudson Problem" (2006), and "The Ferrer’s Engine" (2013).
- Wright, Stewart (30 April 2019). "The Classic Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Broadcast Log" (PDF). Old-Time Radio. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- VBS Elementary
- "Sherlock Holmes: The Voice of Treason: An Audible Original Drama". Amazon. 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020. (End credits.)
- Eyles, Allen (1986). Sherlock Holmes: A Centenary Celebration. Harper & Row. p. 130. ISBN 9780060156206.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. pp. 388–392. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 411. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- "The Return of Sherlock Holmes: 6: Black Peter". BBC Genome: Radio Times. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020. See also "The Golden Pince-Nez" and "The Abbey Grange".
- Klinger, Leslie (ed.). The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes, Volume I (New York: W. W. Norton, 2005). p. 64. ISBN 0-393-05916-2
- "The Sign of the Four". The BBC Complete Audio Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
- "The Further Adventures". The BBC Complete Audio Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
- Elliott, Matthew J. (2016). Sherlock Holmes on the Air. Andrews UK Limited. ISBN 9781780921051. Peter Jones also appears in the 2012 episode "The Addleton Tragedy".
- Cawthorne, Nigel (2011). A Brief History of Sherlock Holmes. Robinson. pp. 260–261. ISBN 978-0-7624-4408-3.
- Doyle, Arthur Conan (1994) . Edwards, Owen Dudley (ed.). The Valley of Fear. Oxford University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9780192823823.
- Eyles, Allen (1986). Sherlock Holmes: A Centenary Celebration. Harper & Row. p. 141. ISBN 9780060156206.
- "The Valley of Fear". The BBC Complete Audio Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- Wright, Stewart (30 April 2019). "The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Broadcast Log" (PDF). Old-Time Radio. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- Dick Riley; Pam McAllister (1998). The Bedside, Bathtub & Armchair Companion to Sherlock Holmes. Continuum. pp. 60. ISBN 0826411169.
- Vincent Starrett (1993). The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes. Otto Penzler Books. p. 142. ISBN 9781883402051.
- Rudolph, Ileane (21 October 2016). "Elementary: Nelsan Ellis on His Recurring Role as Shinwell Johnson". TV Insider. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- Klinger, Leslie S., ed. (2005). The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes, Volume III. New York: W. W. Norton. pp. 376–377. ISBN 978-0393058000.
- Dickerson, Ian (2019). Sherlock Holmes and His Adventures on American Radio. BearManor Media. p. 6. ISBN 978-1629335087.
- Dickerson, Ian (2019). Sherlock Holmes and His Adventures on American Radio. BearManor Media. p. 178. ISBN 978-1629335087.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. pp. 384, 390. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- "Sherlock Holmes v Dracula". BBC Radio 4 Extra. 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "The Return of Sherlock Holmes: 1. The Empty House". BBC Genome: Radio Times. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020. See also The Sign of the Four (1989) and "The Boscombe Valley Mystery" (1990).
- "Imagination Theatre Newsletter Edition - The Wives of Dr. Watson". Imagination Theatre. 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- http://merrisonholmes.com/the_casebook.php Archived 6 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine The BBC Radio Series - The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes
- Wright, Stewart (30 April 2019). "The Classic Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Broadcast Log" (PDF). Old-Time Radio. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
- "Entertainment Weekly. 'Elementary' premiere: Introducing more classic Sherlock characters". Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 384. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 390. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- De Waal, Ronald Burt (1974). The World Bibliography of Sherlock Holmes. Bramhall House. p. 405. ISBN 0-517-217597.
- "The Sign of Four (1987)". BFI. British Film Institute. 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Serrated Scalpel - Panasonic 3DO - Manual" (PDF). Games Database. 1994. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
- "The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes: Case of the Rose Tattoo - Manual" (PDF). Museum of Computer Adventure Game History. 1996. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
- "The Original Wold Newton Universe Crossover Chronology Part IV". pjfarmer.com.
- "The Original Wold Newton Universe Crossover Chronology Part VI". pjfarmer.com.
- "The Original Wold Newton Universe Crossover Chronology Part VII". pjfarmer.com.
- Honan, William H. (9 February 1997). "Shylock To Sherlock A Study in Names". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- https://archive.org/details/OTR_Sherlock_Holmes_smurfmeat[dead link]
- Jones, Paul (January 2017). "The truth behind Sherlock's Sherrinford is finally revealed". Radio Times. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- Burt, Katyl (15 January 2017). "Sherlock Season 4: Who Are Sherrinford, Eurus, and Redbeard?". Den of Geek. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- Cthulhu by Gaslight, Chaosium, 1986 http://www.yog-sothoth.com/cocdbdetail.php?ID=21[permanent dead link]
- Carlo Recagno (w), Cesare Colombi (a), Monica Husler (let). "La cosa che attende nella nebbia" Storie da Altrove 2: 46 (November 1999), Milan: Sergio Bonelli Editore
- Carlo Recagno (w), Giuseppe Palumbo (a), Marina Sanfelice (let). "L'ombra che sfidò Sherlock Holmes" Storie da Altrove 3: 164 (November 2000), Milan: Sergio Bonelli Editore
- Goldberg, Leonard (6 June 2017). The Daughter of Sherlock Holmes. ISBN 9781250101044.