Minorities Minister of Israel
|Jurisdiction||Government of Israel|
The Minister of Minorities is a member of the Israeli cabinet. The post was resurrected in 1999, as a ministerial responsibility under a Minister without portfolio, after having previously existed as an independent office in the provisional government between 1948 and 1949 (as the Minister of Minority Affairs). The post is currently held by Shalom Simhon.
The Ministry of Minority Affairs was founded after independence, and was the only new ministry not based on Yishuv institutions. The ministerial post was held by Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit, an Arabic speaker who was popular with the country's Arab population. Sheetrit attempted to promote integration and equality, but was hamstrung by the Military Government, which controlled most Arab areas after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, as well as Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, who vetoed Sheetrit's proposal for an Arab advisory council in the ministry.
Following disagreements with the Ministry of Religions and the Military government (which controlled most Arab areas after the war had ended), the Ministry of Minority Affairs was closed in 1949. Following its closure, Arab-related matters were handled by an advisor on Arab affairs in the Prime Minister's Office. During the unity governments that lasted from 1984 until 1990, responsibility for Israeli Arab affairs was given to a Minister without Portfolio; Ezer Weizman (Yahad/Alignment), Moshe Arens (Likud) and Ehud Olmert (Likud).
On 18 June 1996 Moshe Katsav, then deputy Prime Minister, was also appointed as "Minister for Israeli Arab Affairs". During the 27th government, Matan Vilnai served as Chairman of the Ministerial Committee for Arab-Israeli affairs. In the 29th government, Salah Tarif, a Druze, served as a Minister in the Prime Minister's Office with the responsibility on Minorities Affairs. In the current government Avishay Braverman, a Minister without Portfolio, was also responsible for Minorities Affairs until 17 January 2011 when he resigned.
List of ministers
|#||Minister||Party||Government||Term start||Term end|
|Minister for Minority Affairs|
|1||Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit||Sephardim and Oriental Communities||P||12 April 1948||8 March 1949|
|Minister appointed over the Arab Sector|
|2||Moshe Katsav||Likud||27||18 June 1996||6 July 1999|
|Minister in the Prime Minister's Office with responsibility for Minorities Affairs|
|3||Salah Tarif||Labor Party||29||7 March 2001||29 January 2002|
|Minister of Minorities|
|4||Avishay Braverman||Labor Party||32||31 March 2009||17 January 2011|
- Peled, Alisa Rubin (2002) The Other Side of 1948: The Forgotten Benevolence of Bechor Shalom Shitrit and the Ministry of Minority Affairs Israel Affairs, Vol.8, No.3, pp 84-103
- Alan Dowty (1998) The Jewish State: A Century Later, Updated With a New Preface, University of California Press, p190
- Dowty, p191