|Les Minquiers, Les Mîntchièrs, The Minkies|
La Maîtr' Île
|Major islands||Maîtresse Île / Maîtr' Île
The Minquiers (Les Minquiers; in Jèrriais: Les Mîntchièrs pronunciation (help·info); known as "the Minkies" in local English) are a group of islands and rocks, about 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Jersey. The Minquiers forms part of the Bailiwick of Jersey. They are administratively part of the Parish of Grouville.
At low tide, the rock shelf around the Minquiers has a larger surface area than Jersey itself but at high tide only a few of the main heads remain above water. The largest of these is Maîtresse, which is about 50 m (55 yd) long and 20 m (22 yd) wide and has about ten stone cottages in various states of repair; these are the most southerly buildings in the British Isles. However, they have no permanent inhabitants, though fishermen, vraic (seaweed used for fertilizer) collectors, yachtsmen, kayakers, and even radio amateurs make summer landfall.
The most significant islands in the group are:
- Maîtresse Île / Maîtr' Île
- Les Maisons;
- Le Niêsant
- Les Faucheurs
- La Haute Grune.
In 933 AD, the Duchy of Normandy annexed the islets, along with the other Channel Islands and the Cotentin Peninsula. After William, Duke of Normandy conquered England in 1066, the islands remained united to the Duchy until Philip Augustus conquered mainland Normandy in 1204. In 1259 Henry III did homage to the French king for the Channel Islands. Edward III, in the 1360 Treaty of Brétigny, waived his claims to the crown of France and to Normandy, but reserved various other territories to England, including the Channel Islands.
The 1911 Britannica says that Maîtresse Île "affords a landing and shelter for fishermen."
A small company of Wehrmacht soldiers on the Minquiers were among the last to surrender in the Second World War. A French fishing boat, skippered by Lucian Marie, approached the island of Minquiers and anchored nearby. A fully armed German soldier approached and asked for help saying 'We've been forgotten by the British, perhaps no one on Jersey told them we were here, I want you to take us over to England, we want to surrender'. This was on 23 May 1945, three weeks after the war in Europe ended.
Resolution of disputed status
In 1950 Britain and France went to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for friendly discussions to decide to which country the Minquiers and Ecrehos belonged. The French fished in the waters, but Jersey exercised various administrative rights. The ICJ considered the historical evidence, and in its Judgment of 17 November 1953 awarded the islands to Jersey (as represented by the United Kingdom).
Les Minquiers in literature
Notably, The Minquiers are mentioned at length by Victor Hugo in his novel Ninety-Three, about the French Revolution. He mentions how treacherous they are, and says that their combined area is bigger than mainland Jersey itself. Hugo lived in both Guernsey and Jersey at various points in his life, and so was familiar with local lore.
Gulliver the seagull was exiled to the Minquiers in December 2017.
- "Les Minquiers (GH): 2007". Cambridge University Wireless Society. 2007. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- "Jersey Birds". web page. www.jerseybirds.co.uk. 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- MJ0X/GB0LMI activity
- Coysh, Victor (1985). Channel Islets: The Lesser Channel Islands. Guernsey Press Co Ltd. ISBN 0902550128.
- ICJ Judgement
- "Les Minquiers, Jersey". Ramsar.
- "Gulliver the Seagull". ITV.
- Files on the ICJ case can be found in the National Archives, mostly in the FO 371 sequence.
- Les Minquiers: article published in hidden europe magazine, 2006, Issue 6, pp. 38–39 (ISSN 1860-6318)
- Histoire des Minquiers et des Ecréhous. Robert Sinsoilliez. Editions l'Ancre de Marine.
- Channel Islets - Victor Coysh
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minquiers.|
- International Court of Justice: Case files
- (in French), Accord commercial sur la pêche entre la France et Jersey