Minsk National Airport

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Minsk National Airport

Национальный аэропорт Минск

Natsional'nyy aeroport Minsk
Аэропорт Минск.png
EW-437PA Boeing 737-8K5 Belavia boarding at MSQ.jpg
Airport typePublic
ServesMinsk, Belarus
Opened1 July 1983[1]
Hub forBelavia
Time zoneEEST (UTC+03:00)
Elevation AMSL204 m / 669 ft
Coordinates53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250Coordinates: 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250
MSQ is located in Belarus
Location of airport in Belarus
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13R/31L 3,641 11,942 Concrete
13L/31R 3,700 12,139 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passenger change 2017–2018[2]Increase10.3%
Sources: ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Minsk National Airport (formerly known as Minsk-2) (IATA: MSQ, ICAO: UMMS) (Belarusian: Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск, [natsɨjaˈnalʲnɨ aeraˈport mʲinsk]; Russian: Национальный аэропорт Минск) is the main international airport in Belarus, located 42 km (26 mi) to the east of the capital Minsk, geographically lying in the territory of Smalyavichy Raion but administratively being subordinated to Kastrychnitski District of Minsk. The airport serves as hub of the Belarusian flag carrier Belavia and the cargo carriers TransAVIAexport Airlines, Genex and Rubystar Airways.


Early years[edit]

Construction of Minsk-2 airport began in 1977. In 1979, a new runway 3,640-m-long and 60-m-wide became operational. By 1981 the Minsk-2 aerodrome was able to handle aircraft and the airport opened in 1982. The first passenger flight was operated with a Tupolev Tu-134.[3]

On 1 July 1983, the Second Joint Aviation Division of Minsk was established in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of USSR. This date is considered as the airport foundation day.[4][5]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

Regular flights began in 1983; by 1990 passenger traffic reached 2.2 million passengers. From 1991, the number of flights began to decline due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and other consequent changes. By 1997, the number of the passengers was 516,000, in 1998 – 480,000, in 2000 – only 400,000 passengers. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the first million passengers was handled by Minsk National Airport in 2008. Due to the substantial growth in passenger traffic, 2008 became a significant mark for the airport.[6]

In 2020, the growth was stalled by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Additionally from May 2021 all Belarusian airlines, mainly Belavia, have been banned from operating into the European Union as part of newly established sanctions.[7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Minsk:[8]

Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga (suspended)
Air China1 Beijing–Capital
Austrian Airlines Vienna (suspended)
Azimuth Mineralnye Vody
Belavia[9][10] Almaty, Amsterdam (suspended),[11] Baku, Barcelona (suspended), Batumi, Beirut, Belgrade (suspended), Berlin (suspended), Budapest (suspended), Charleroi (suspended), Chișinău (suspended), Dubai–International, Frankfurt (suspended), Geneva (suspended), Hanover (suspended), Helsinki (suspended), Istanbul, Kaliningrad (suspended), Kazan, Kharkiv (suspended), Krasnodar, Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended), Kyiv–Zhuliany (suspended), Larnaca (suspended), London–Gatwick (suspended), Lviv (suspended), Milan–Malpensa (suspended), Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Munich (suspended), Nizhny Novgorod, Nur-Sultan, Odessa (suspended), Paris–Charles de Gaulle (suspended), Prague (suspended), Riga (suspended), Rome–Fiumicino (suspended), Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Stockholm–Arlanda (suspended), Tallinn (suspended), Tashkent,[12] Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Vienna (suspended),[13] Vilnius (suspended), Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin (suspended), Yerevan
Seasonal: Aktau,[14] Ashgabat, Karagandy, Kostanay, Palanga, Pavlodar, Reus (suspended)[15]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[16] Bodrum,[16] Burgas (suspended),[16] Catania (suspended),[16] Dalaman,[16] Heraklion (suspended),[16] Hurghada,[16] İzmir,[16] Kavala (suspended),[17] Lamezia Terme (suspended),[16] Palma de Mallorca (suspended),[16] Patras (suspended),[16] Rhodes (suspended),[16] Rimini (suspended),[16] Sharm El Sheikh,[16][18] Thessaloniki (suspended),[17] Tirana,[19] Tivat, Varna (suspended)[16]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai–International[20]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin (suspended)
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich (both suspended)
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhzhia (suspended)
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
Seasonal: Surgut
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Notes: ^1 : Air China's flight from Beijing to Budapest stops in Minsk, but the return flight from Budapest to Beijing is nonstop. Air China does not have local traffic rights for the Minsk – Budapest sector.[21]


Genex[22] Warsaw–Chopin (suspended)
Transaviabaltika[23] Vilnius (suspended)
Turkish Cargo[24] Istanbul–Atatürk, Vienna


See source Wikidata query and sources.

Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics[25]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 559,114 Increase10.86% 5,456 Increase 2.83% 5,488 Increase 4.29%
2006 637,560 Increase14.03% 6,144 Increase12.61% 6,059 Increase10.40%
2007 830,481 Increase30.26% 7,590 Increase23.54% 7,290 Increase20.32%
2008 1,010,695 Increase21.70% 9,256 Increase21.95% 7,870 Increase 7.96%
2009 1,028,886 Increase 1.80% 9,341 Increase 0.92% 7,289 Decrease 7.38%
2010 1,285,423 Increase24.93% 11,020 Increase17.97% 8,553 Increase17.34%
2011 1,437,825 Increase11.86% 13,686 Increase24.19% 8,667 Increase1.33%
2012 1,837,911 Increase27.83% 14,947 Increase9.27% 9,833 Increase13.45%
2013 2,182,177 Increase18.73% 16,586 Increase11.00% 10,477 Increase6.55%
2014 2,593,559 Increase18.90% 20,036 Increase20.90% 19,905 Increase89.99%
2015 2,782,866 Increase7.30% 20,365 Increase1.64% N.D. N.D.
2016 3,429,112 Increase23.2% 23,034 Increase13.1% N.D. N.D.
2017 4,114,512 Increase20.0% 24,508 Increase6.4% N.D. N.D.
2018 4,536,644 Increase10.3% 26,103 Increase6.5% 20,217 N.D.
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[26] 2006,[27] 2007,[28] 2009,[29] 2011,[30] 2012,[31] 2013,[32] and 2014[33]);
Official website[25] (Years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018).

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is located 42 km (26 mi) east of Minsk, and is linked with the city with a toll-free (for non-BY registered cars) highway. Free short term parking is available in front of the terminal. Minsk National Airport is linked to the capital by the M2 motorway. Bus, train, taxi and parking services are provided.[34] The airport is served by buses 300Э and 173Э departing from Centralny bus station.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 1 February 1985, Aeroflot Flight 7841, a Tu-134AK operated by Aeroflot with registration number SSSR-65910 en route to Leningrad Pulkovo airport, crashed into the forest shortly after takeoff, killing 55 out of 73 passengers and 3 out of 7 crew members on board.[35]
  • On 6 September 2003, an aircraft Tu-154 operated by an Iranian airline Kish Air hit trees in heavy fog as it was on approach en route from Tehran to Copenhagen. None of the 38 passengers and 4 crew members on board were injured.[36]
  • On 26 October 2009, S-Air Flight 9607, operated using a BAe 125 RA-02807 crashed on approach to Minsk National Airport. All three crew and both passengers died.[37]
  • On 23 May 2021, Ryanair Flight 4978, operated using a Boeing 737-8AS with 171 passengers on board, traveling in Belarusian airspace en route from Athens to Vilnius, was intercepted by a Belarusian MiG-29 over Belarusian airspace and forced to land at Minsk National Airport. Upon landing, the Belarusian KGB arrested two of the passengers, opposition activist Roman Protasevich and his girlfriend Sofia Sapega. The other passengers were allowed to reboard the plane to depart for Vilnius after seven hours.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ UMMS. "Minsk National Airport". airport.by. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Показатели деятельности предприятия | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  3. ^ "История аэропорта | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Национальный аэропорт "Минск": 35 лет | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Минск (Аэродром)". ekskursii.by. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Airport History - Minsk National Airport". Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  7. ^ "EU imposes new economic sanctions on Belarus over 'hijacked' flight". the Guardian. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  8. ^ airport.by - Season Timetable retrieved 19 September 2020
  9. ^ irishtimes.com - EU agrees sanctions on Belarus after forced landing of Ryanair flight 24 May 2021
  10. ^ en.belavia.by - Timetable retrieved 17 September 2020
  11. ^ "Wit-Russisch Belavia moet nu alsnog lijndienst naar Schiphol schrappen". Luchtvaartnieuws.nl. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  12. ^ Liu, Jim. "Belavia resumes Tashkent service from July 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Belarusian Belavia to launch Minsk-Vienna flight". eng.belta.by. BelTA – News from Belarus. 4 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "Belavia S20 Kazakhstan network additions". Routesonline. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (20 January 2020). "Belavia adds Reus service in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  17. ^ a b "Flight". mouzenidis.com.
  18. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  19. ^ https://www.airportia.com/flights/b28383/minsk/tirana/
  20. ^ "Flydubai to launch flights to Minsk".
  21. ^ L, J (16 March 2015). "Air China Adds Minsk / Budapest Service from May 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  22. ^ Liu, Jim. "AIR CARGO CARRIAGE". genex.by. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  23. ^ transaviabaltika.lt - About us retrieved 27 September 2020
  24. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ a b "Показатели деятельности предприятия - Национальный аэропорт Минск". Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  26. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  27. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  28. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  29. ^ Airport Council International Archived 11 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  30. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  31. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  32. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  33. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
  34. ^ "Transport - Minsk National Airport". Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  35. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134AK CCCP-65910 Nezhivka".
  36. ^ "Kish Air aircraft strikes trees during landing".
  37. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2009.

External links[edit]

Media related to Minsk National Airport at Wikimedia Commons