Minsk National Airport

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"Minsk Airport" redirects here. For the former small city airport "Minsk-1", see Minsk-1 Airport.
Minsk National Airport
Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск
Национальный аэропорт Минск
MSQ logo-en.png

IATA: MSQICAO: UMMS

MSQ is located in Belarus
MSQ
MSQ
Location of airport in Belarus
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Minsk, Belarus
Location Kastrychnitski
Hub for Belavia
Elevation AMSL 204 m / 669 ft
Coordinates 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250Coordinates: 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250
Website airport.by
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13/31 3,641 11,942 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Number of passengers 2,593,559

Minsk National Airport (IATA: MSQICAO: UMMS), (Belarusian: Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мiнск, [natsɨjaˈnalʲnɨ aeraˈport mʲinsk]; Russian: Национальный аэропорт Минск), former name Minsk-2 (not to be confused with Minsk-1 Airport in Minsk downtown), is the main international airport in Belarus, located 42 km (26 mi) to the east of the capital Minsk, geographically lying in the territory of Smalyavichy Raion, but administratively being subordinated to Kastrychnitski District of Minsk.

The airport serves as hub of the national Belarusian airline Belavia and the cargo carriers TransAVIAexport Airlines and Genex.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

In 1977 in the environs of the Belarusian capital the building of the new airport "Minsk-2" was begun. In 1979 the new runway 3,640-m-long and 60-m-wide was put into operation. In 1981 the airdrome "Minsk-2" was already able to handle aircraft in 1982 the airport was opened. The first passenger flight was operated on the plane Tupolev Tu-134. 11 years later the airport was completely built. The terminal of the unique architectural project with the carrying capacity – 5,8 million passengers a year was put into operation.

Development since the 1990s[edit]

The regular flights began from 1983, in 1990 the passenger traffic reached 2,2 million passengers. But from 1991 the unexpected decrease of the flights began. That took place because of the Soviet Union collapse and other changes caused by this historical event. In 1997 the number of the passengers was 516,000, in 1998 – 480,000, in 2000 – only 400,000 passengers. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union the first million passengers was handled by Minsk National Airport in 2008. Due to the substantial growth in passenger traffic 2008 became a significant mark for the airport.[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air China1 Beijing-Capital[2]
airBaltic Riga
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Abu Dhabi, Almaty, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Baku, Barcelona,[3] Belgrade, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hanover, Helsinki, Kaliningrad, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnodar, Kutaisi, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan
Seasonal: Batumi, Beirut,[4] Gomel, Karaganda,[4] Kostanay,[4] Manchester, Nice,[4] Pavlodar, Sochi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil[5]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent[6]
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona[7]

^1 The outbound flight for this service makes an intermediate stop in Budapest. However, Air China does not have fifth freedom rights to transport passengers between Minsk and Budapest.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Genex Belgrade, Prague, Warsaw-Chopin
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Vienna[8]

Statistics[edit]

In 2009 airport served 1,010,695 passengers out of which 682,000 were served by the national airline Belavia.[9] In 2010, that number rose to 1,285,423 passengers.[10] In 2012 Minsk National Airport jointly with UE "Airport Minsk-1" served 1,837,911 passengers and handled 14,947 flights, compared to 2011, the growth of 27.8% and 9.2% respectively.[10] The airport is capable of accommodating 5.8 million passengers a year.

Ground transportation[edit]

Location within the limits of Kastrychnitski District (pink) of Minsk

Minsk international airport is linked to the capital by the M2 motorway. Bus, train, taxi and parking services are provided.[11]

By public transport[edit]

The airport is served by bus 300Э departing from Centralny bus station every 45 minutes, and takes about one hour. The buses run from 03:10 AM until 23:55 PM daily. From November 2014 the airport can also be reached by train departing from Minsk Passazhirsky or Smolevichi railway stations, where one can make connections from other Belarus cities and towns.[12] The railroad route requires the shuttle connection to the airport departure hall for the last 500m of the way, and takes one hour and 10 min from Minsk. The taxi ride costs about €20–€40 and takes around 40 minutes.[13] Private charter buses (4 to 7 passenger) are available for about €100.[14]

By car[edit]

The airport is located 42 km (26 mi) east of Minsk, and is linked with the city with a toll-free (for non-BY registered cars) highway. Free short term parking is available in front of the terminal. Secure parking is also available for about €1/hour, €3/day.

Car rental services are provided by Europcar and Sixt.[15]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 1 February 1985 an aircraft Tu-134AK operated by Aeroflot with registration number SSSR-65910 en route to Leningrad Pulkovo airport crashed into the forest shortly after takeoff killing 55 out of 73 passengers and 3 out of 7 crew members on board.[16]
  • On 6 September 2003 an aircraft Tu-154 operated by an Iranian airline Kish Air hit trees in heavy fog as it was on approach en route from Tehran to Copenhagen. None of the 38 passengers and 4 crew members on board were injured.[17]
  • On 26 October 2009, S-Air Flight 9607, operated by BAe 125 RA-02807 crashed on approach to Minsk National Airport. All three crew and both passengers died.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Airport History - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ L, J (16 March 2015). "Air China Adds Minsk / Budapest Service from May 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Airport destinations - Barcelona-El Prat Airport - Aena". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d http://en.belavia.by/webroot/delivery/files/TimeTable_en_s15.pdf
  5. ^ L, J (9 December 2014). "Ukraine International Adds Minsk Service from April 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Открытие рейса Ташкент - Минск переносится на июль". Авиационный сайт в Беларуси. MSQ.BY. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  7. ^ DO NOT REMOVE THIS! Vueling is actually flying from March to October to Minsk from Barcelona
  8. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
  9. ^ "Increase in the market of air-transportation." (in Russian). 
  10. ^ a b "About Airport / Minsk National Airport (official site).". 
  11. ^ "Transport - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Расписание движения поездов". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Driver in Minsk. Airport transfers". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Национальный аэропорт МИНСК :: Bilet.by: Трансферы из Минска в Домодедово, Шереметьево, Национальный аэропорт Минск.". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  15. ^ Airport official website
  16. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134AK CCCP-65910 Nezhivka". 
  17. ^ "Kish Air aircraft strikes trees during landing". 
  18. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Minsk National Airport at Wikimedia Commons