Minsk National Airport

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Minsk National Airport
Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск
Национальный аэропорт Минск
EW-437PA Boeing 737-8K5 Belavia boarding at MSQ.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Minsk, Belarus
Opened July 1, 1983 (1983-07-01)[1]
Hub for Belavia
Time zone EEST (UTC+03:00)
Elevation AMSL 204 m / 669 ft
Coordinates 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250Coordinates: 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250
Website airport.by
Map
MSQ is located in Belarus
MSQ
MSQ
Location of airport in Belarus
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13/31 3,641 11,942 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 4,114,512[2]
Passenger change 16–17 Increase20.0%[3]
Sources: ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Minsk National Airport (formerly known as Minsk-2) (IATA: MSQ, ICAO: UMMS) (Belarusian: Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск, [natsɨjaˈnalʲnɨ aeraˈport mʲinsk]; Russian: Национальный аэропорт Минск) is the main international airport in Belarus, located 42 km (26 mi) to the east of the capital Minsk, geographically lying in the territory of Smalyavichy Raion but administratively being subordinated to Kastrychnitski District of Minsk. The airport serves as hub of the Belarusian flag carrier Belavia and the cargo carriers TransAVIAexport Airlines, Genex and Rubystar Airways.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Construction of Minsk-2 airport began in 1977. In 1979 a new runway 3,640-m-long and 60-m-wide became operational. By 1981 the aerodrome «Minsk-2» was able to handle aircraft and the airport opened in 1982. The first passenger flight was operated with a Tupolev Tu-134.[4]

On July 1, 1983 «The Second Joint Aviation Division of Minsk» was established in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of USSR. This date is considered as the airport foundation day.[5][6]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

Regular flights began in 1983; by 1990 passenger traffic reached 2.2 million passengers. From 1991 the number of flights began to decline due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and other consequent changes. By 1997 the number of the passengers was 516,000, in 1998 – 480,000, in 2000 – only 400,000 passengers. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union the first million passengers was handled by Minsk National Airport in 2008. Due to the substantial growth in passenger traffic 2008 became a significant mark for the airport.[7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Minsk:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Beijing–Capital
airBaltic Riga
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Almaty, Amsterdam, Astana, Baku, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin–Schönefeld, Budapest, Charleroi, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hanover, Helsinki, Istanbul–Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Kiev–Zhuliany, Krasnodar, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Lviv, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Nizhny Novgorod, Odessa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don-Platov,[9][10] Sochi, St Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Vilnius, Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Ashgabat, Batumi, Karaganda, Kostanay, Manchester, Palanga, Pavlodar
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[11] Bodrum,[11] Dalaman,[11] Hurghada,[11] Izmir, Kavala,[11] Patras, Rhodes,[11] Sharm El Sheikh,[12][11] Thessaloniki, Tirana
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[13]
Finnair Helsinki[14]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia
Turkish Airlines İstanbul–Atatürk
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
Seasonal: Surgut[15]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Vienna[16]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics[17]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 559,114 Increase10.86% 5,456 Increase 2.83% 5,488 Increase 4.29%
2006 637,560 Increase14.03% 6,144 Increase12.61% 6,059 Increase10.40%
2007 830,481 Increase30.26% 7,590 Increase23.54% 7,290 Increase20.32%
2008 1,010,695 Increase21.70% 9,256 Increase21.95% 7,870 Increase 7.96%
2009 1,028,886 Increase 1.80% 9,341 Increase 0.92% 7,289 Decrease 7.38%
2010 1,285,423 Increase24.93% 11,020 Increase17.97% 8,553 Increase17.34%
2011 1,437,825 Increase11.86% 13,686 Increase24.19% 8,667 Increase1.33%
2012 1,837,911 Increase27.83% 14,947 Increase9.27% 9,833 Increase13.45%
2013 2,182,177 Increase18.73% 16,586 Increase11.00% 10,477 Increase6.55%
2014 2,593,559 Increase18.90% 20,036 Increase20.90% 19,905 Increase89.99%
2015 2,782,866 Increase7.30% 20,365 Increase1.64% N.D. N.D.
2016 3,429,112 Increase23.2% 23,034 Increase13.1% N.D. N.D.
2017 4,114,512 Increase20.0% 24,508 Increase6.4% N.D. N.D.
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[18] 2006,[19] 2007,[20] 2009,[21] 2011,[22] 2012,[23] 2013,[24] and 2014[25]);
Official website[17] (Years 2015, 2016, and 2017).

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is located 42 km (26 mi) east of Minsk, and is linked with the city with a toll-free (for non-BY registered cars) highway. Free short term parking is available in front of the terminal. Minsk National Airport is linked to the capital by the M2 motorway. Bus, train, taxi and parking services are provided.[26] The airport is served by bus 300Э departing from Centralny bus station.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 1 February 1985, Aeroflot Flight 7841, an aircraft Tu-134AK operated by Aeroflot with registration number SSSR-65910 en route to Leningrad Pulkovo airport, crashed into the forest shortly after takeoff, killing 55 out of 73 passengers and 3 out of 7 crew members on board.[27]
  • On 6 September 2003 an aircraft Tu-154 operated by an Iranian airline Kish Air hit trees in heavy fog as it was on approach en route from Tehran to Copenhagen. None of the 38 passengers and 4 crew members on board were injured.[28]
  • On 26 October 2009, S-Air Flight 9607, operated by BAe 125 RA-02807 crashed on approach to Minsk National Airport. All three crew and both passengers died.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UMMS. "Minsk National Airport". airport.by. 
  2. ^ "Over 3.4m passengers travelled via Minsk airport in 2016". BelTA. BelTA – News from Belarus, © Belarusian Telegraph Agency. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  3. ^ Operating rates. "Minsk National Airport". airport.by. 
  4. ^ "История аэропорта | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-07-31. 
  5. ^ "Национальный аэропорт «Минск»: 35 лет | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-07-31. 
  6. ^ "Минск (Аэродром)". ekskursii.by. Retrieved 2018-07-31. 
  7. ^ "Airport History - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  8. ^ airport.by - Season Timetable retrieved 30 July 2016
  9. ^ "Из нового аэропорта "Платов" можно будет улететь прямым рейсом в Белоруссию". bloknot-rostov.ru. 3 November 2017. 
  10. ^ ""Белавиа" с 27 апреля начнет выполнять рейсы в Ростов-на-Дону". Белорусское телеграфное агентство (in Russian). 1 November 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Flights". anextour.com.ua. 8 March 2018. 
  12. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  13. ^ Liu, Jim (7 May 2018). "Etihad boosts Minsk / Belgrade operations in 3Q18". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  14. ^ Finnair opens direct flights to Minsk, the capital of Belarus Finnair 21 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (24 April 2018). "UTair adds seasonal Surgut routes from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  16. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ a b "Показатели деятельности предприятия - Национальный аэропорт Минск". Retrieved 24 February 2018. 
  18. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  19. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  20. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  21. ^ Airport Council International Archived 11 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine.'s 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  22. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  23. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  24. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  25. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
  26. ^ "Transport - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  27. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134AK CCCP-65910 Nezhivka". 
  28. ^ "Kish Air aircraft strikes trees during landing". 
  29. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Minsk National Airport at Wikimedia Commons