Further-eastern European Time

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Further-eastern European Time (FET) is a time zone in defined as three hours ahead of UTC (UTC+03:00) without daylight saving time. Since October 2014, it is used in Belarus and western Russia, and is also called Minsk Time or Moscow Time. Since 26 October 2014, this time zone was also adopted by the Donetsk People's Republic and the Lugansk People's Republic, in Ukraine.[1]

It was established in October 2011 as the official time for the in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia, and then followed by Belarus. It was originally called Kaliningrad Time in Russia, however after the 5 October 2014 most of Russia moved the UTC offset back one hour meaning that Kaliningrad Time is now UTC+02:00, and Moscow Time is UTC+03:00.


Until 2011, Further-eastern European Time was identical to Eastern European Time (UTC+2; UTC+3 with daylight saving time). However, on 27 March 2011, Russia moved to the so-called "year-round daylight saving time",[2] so that clocks would remain on what had been the summer time all year round, making Kaliningrad Time permanently set to UTC+3, peculiarly placing its time ahead of countries to its east during winter. Belarus followed Russia on 15 September 2011,[3] and the same decision was made by the Ukrainian parliament on 20 September 2011.[4] After strong criticism from the mass media, on 18 October 2011 the Ukrainian parliament cancelled its previous decision.[5] Transnistria, a breakaway territory from Moldova on the Dniester river bordering Ukraine, followed Ukraine by at first adopting Further-eastern European Time[6] but later cancelling this decision.[7]

The name "Further-eastern European Time" seems to have come from work on the tz database.[8][9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "DPR and LPR switch over to Moscow time". ITAR TASS. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Russia Time Change
  3. ^ Eternal Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Belarus
  4. ^ Ukraine cancels use of daylight saving time, Kyiv Post (September 20, 2011)
  5. ^ "Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated)". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Transnistria stays on Daylight Saving Time
  7. ^ Transnistria's clocks move back October 30, 2011
  8. ^ Tim Parenti and Paul Eggert (Sep 20, 2011). "Ukraine adopts UTC+3 year-round". Retrieved 1 Dec 2011. 
  9. ^ Alexander Bokovoy, employed at Red Hat Software (Sep 21, 2011). Дальневосточное Европейское время (in Russian). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  10. ^ Edwin Groothuis, at freebsd.org (27 Sep 2011). "cvs commit: ports/misc/zoneinfo Makefile distinfo". Retrieved 16 Oct 2011.