St Kenelm's parish church
|Minster Lovell shown within Oxfordshire|
|Population||1,409 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Minster Lovell Parish Council|
Minster Lovell village has three parts: Old Minster, Little Minster and New Minster. Old Minster includes the parish church, Minster Lovell Hall and the Old Swan Inn and Minster Mill Hotel. A large part of New Minster is the Charterville Allotments, which were founded by the Chartists in 1846–50.
In 1952 a Neolithic stone hand axe was found at Minster Lovell. It is unusually large: 13 inches (324 mm) long by 4 inches (101 mm) wide. The geologist Professor K.C. Dunham identified it as epidotised tuff from Stake Pass in the Lake District, 230 miles (370 km) to the north. Stone axes from the same source have been found at Alvescot, Kencot, Abingdon and Sutton Courtenay.
The village was named Minstre, situated in the ancient hundred of Bampton in 1086. The dedication of the Church of England parish church to the Saxon Saint Kenelm and the name "Minster" in the toponym suggest that the village may have had a Saxon minster, possibly associated with a Mercian royal vill. However, the earliest known documentary record of the church is from 1183 and the present St. Kenelm's Church is the product of complete rebuilding in the 15th century.
The suffix "Lovell", from the main landholding family, was added to the name from the 13th century. In 1197 a William Lovel (died 1213) held land here, probably granted in 1124 to his father William by Henry I.
The Norman Ivry Abbey had a priory at Minster Lovell by 1226. Because it was an alien priory, the Crown repeatedly seized its property between 1330 and 1441, until in the latter year Henry VI granted reversion of the priory's possessions to Eton College.
There is a legend that in 1708 the skeletal remains of Lord Lovell were discovered in a secret chamber in the manor house. Lord Lovell had fought in the Battle of Stoke in 1487, and had been seen escaping from the battle, but was never afterwards heard of. It is supposed that he had hidden himself there and died of starvation.
Lord Lovell forfeited his lands to the Crown in 1485, and the property passed through several owners until it was bought in 1603 by Sir Edward Coke. The manor remained in the Coke family for several generations, and Thomas Coke, created Baron Lovel in 1728, abandoned Minster Lovell Hall in 1747 and partially dismantled it.
Charterville is the third and largest of the Chartist estates. 300 acres (120 ha) were divided into 80 smallholdings with model cottages. 40 oxen and 18 pigs were provided to the winners of the plots, drawn by lot from the shareholders of the National Land Company, along with manure, firewood and seed. The area is still called Charterville Allotments, and the original plots still survive as freehold bungalows set in large gardens.
The River Windrush supports species including trout, chub and crayfish. Only Minster Lovell residents may fish the river at Wash Meadow, and only with a permit issued by the Water Bailiff, whose contact details are available from the Parish Council. Wash Meadow is an amenity for Minster Lovell residents and sport clubs users only. A public footpath crosses the field to the parish church.
- "Area: Minster Lovell (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Rowley 1978, pp. 147, 149 & 173.
- Zeuner 1952, p. 240.
- Harden 1940, p. 165.
- Open Domesday Online: Minster Lovell, accessed January 2017
- Townley 2006, pp. 199–204
- Townley 2006, pp. 177–184.
- Townley 2006, pp. 184-192
- Bacon & Lumby 1881, p. 37.
- Old Swan & Minster Mill
- Minster Lovell Cricket Club
- Oxfordshire Cricket Association 2009[permanent dead link]
- Minster Lovell Parish Council
Sources and further reading
- Harden, D.B. (1940). "The Geological Origin of Four Stone Axes Found in the Oxford District" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxford Architectural and Historical Society. V: 165.
- Bacon, Francis (1881) . Lumby, Joseph Rawson, ed. Bacon's History of the Reign of King Henry VII, with Notes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 37.
- Page, William, ed. (1907). "The Priory of Minster Lovell". A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 2. London: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 162–163.
- Paine, Crispin (1978). "Working-class housing in Oxfordshire" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. XLIII: 188–215. ISSN 0308-5562.
- Rowley, Trevor (1978). Villages in the Landscape. Archaeology in the Field Series. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd. pp. 147, 149 & 173. ISBN 0-460-04166-5.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 706–710. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Taylor, A.J. (1937). "The Alien Priory of Minster Lovell" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. II: 103–117. ISSN 0308-5562.
- Tiller, Kate (1985). "Charterville and the Chartist Land Company" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. L: 251–266. ISSN 0308-5562.
- Townley, Simon C. (ed.); Colvin, Christina; Cragoe, Carol; Ortenberg, Veronica; Peberdy, R.B.; Selwyn, Nesta; Williamson, Elizabeth (2006). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 15: Carterton, Minster Lovell and Environs: Bampton Hundred (Part Three). Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 177–205. ISBN 978-1-90435-606-6.
- Zeuner, F.E. (1952). "A group VI neolithic axe from Minster Lovell, Oxfordshire". Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Cambridge University Press for The Prehistoric Society. XVIII (2): 240–241. ISSN 0958-8418.
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