Mint (candy)

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Mint
Scotch mints.JPG
Scotch mints
Alternative namesPeppermints, spearmints
TypeConfectionery
Main ingredientsMint flavoring or mint oil or other oil (such as wintergreen)
VariationsHard mints, soft mints, Scotch mints, Mint Imperials

A mint is a food item often consumed as an after-meal refreshment or before business and social engagements to improve breath odor.[1] Mints are commonly believed to soothe the stomach given their association with natural byproducts of the plant genus Mentha.[2] Mints sometimes contain derivatives from plants such as peppermint oil or spearmint oil, or wintergreen from the plant genus Gaultheria. However, many of the most popular mints citing these natural sources contain none in their ingredient list or contain only trace amounts.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

The production of mints as a discrete food item can be traced back to the 18th Century.[6][7] The popularity of mints took off in the early 20th Century, with the advent of mass urbanization and mass marketing. Advertising for mints focused on their convenience, and on the socially isolating effects of bad breath. These advertisements targeted young people generally, and young women particularly.[8][9]

Mints have been offered in a variety of packaging, usually in an effort to promote portability. Early producers used cardboard boxes and tins, which have remained popular.[10] More recent packaging solutions have included "rolls" containing many mints stacked in one package composed of paper or foil, plastic boxes, and individually wrapped mints. Mint sales have remained robust in the 21st century.[1]

Types[edit]

Hard[edit]

Package for mints from early 20th century, Mexico from the permanent collection of the Museo del Objeto del Objeto.

Hard mints are hard candies or boiled sweets flavored with mint. Examples of hard mints include starlight mints, also known as pinwheel mints, white, circular, with red or green rays emitting from the middle; candy canes; humbugs; and brand name mints such as Altoids and Ice Breakers.

In addition to breath freshening, mints that actually contain peppermint oil or extract have been popular in helping with digestion after a meal.[11] Peppermint has muscle relaxant properties and therefore may relax the smooth muscles of the GI tract, allowing for easier passage of food contents. However, since the lower esophageal sphincter may be relaxed, peppermint may aggravate "heartburn" or GERD.

Peppermint also seems to be effective in relieving intestinal gas and indigestion.[2] According to the German Commission E Monograph, real peppermint oil or extract has been used for cramp-like complaints in the gastrointestinal tract. This can help to explain why mints with real peppermint oil, in addition to peppermint tea, have been popular for and are frequently used after meals to help with digestion as well as to help freshen the breath.

Soft[edit]

Butter mints

Soft mints, such as "dinner mints" and "butter mints", are soft candies, often with a higher butter content, that dissolve more readily inside one's mouth.

Scotch[edit]

A "scotch mint" or "pan drop" is a white round candy with a hard shell but fairly soft chewy middle, popular in Great Britain and other Commonwealth nations and in Europe. Scotch mints were traditionally spheroids, more recently moving toward a larger, discoid shape. The name "scotch mint" comes from the specific mint plant Mentha × gracilis. The company Perfetti Van Melle markets scotch mints in a variety of flavours as Mentos candies.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Berman, Jillian (2017-09-11). "There's Something About Breath Mints and Sharing". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-30. Retrieved 2007-09-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Tic Tac Ingredients". www.fooducate.com. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  4. ^ "Mentos Mint". us.mentos.com. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  5. ^ "Altoids Ingredients". www.fooducate.com. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  6. ^ "Callard & Bowser is making a mint on Altoids - Oct. 14, 1998". money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  7. ^ "Altoids | Curiously Strong". web.archive.org. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  8. ^ D., Levitt, Steven. Freakonomics : a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything. Dubner, Stephen J.,. New York. ISBN 9780060731335. OCLC 166872408.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  9. ^ "LISTERINE® Antiseptic: A Very Useful Product". Kilmer House. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  10. ^ Terdiman, Daniel (2005-02-05). "In mint condition: Altoids tins reborn". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  11. ^ Wolf, Maura. "What Are the Benefits of Peppermint Candy?". LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved 2018-11-14.

Further reading[edit]

  • Blumenthal, et al. The Complete German Commission E Monographs First Edition 1998 American Botanical Council, USA.
  • Grigoleit HG, Grigoleit P (August 2005). "Pharmacology and preclinical pharmacokinetics of peppermint oil". Phytomedicine. 12 (8): 612–6. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2004.10.007. PMID 16121523.
  • Baker JR, Bezance JB, Zellaby E, Aggleton JP (October 2004). "Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory". Appetite. 43 (2): 207–10. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2004.06.004. PMID 15458807.