Minuscule 110

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Minuscule 110
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts, Paul, Rev.
Date 12th category
Script Greek
Found Sinai
Now at British Library
Size 22.3 cm by 16.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 110 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 204 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century. It has complex contents with full marginalia.

Formerly it was labelled as 28a, 34p, 8r.[2]


The codex contains a complete text of the Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, and the Book of Revelation on 292 parchment leaves (size 22.3 cm by 16.5 cm).[2] It has some lacunae in the (Acts 1:1-20, Revelation 6:14-8:1, 22:19-21).

The text is written in one column per page, in 23 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

It contains Prolegomena to Paul, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), subscriptions at the end of each book, and numbers of στιχοι. It has a commentary of Theophylact. The codex survived in poor condition, and its text is often illegible.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type.[5] Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[6]


The manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 12th century.[2]

The manuscript was brought by Covel from Sinai to England (along with minuscule 65).[3] Covel marked it as codex 5, but afterwards gave it the name of the Sinai manuscript.[4]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Harley 5778), at London.[2]

It was examined by Mill, Bloomfield (in Acts and Paul). Scrivener collated text of the Apocalypse. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1883.[3]

Formerly it was labelled as 28a, 34p, 8r. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 110 to it.[1]

Former 110[edit]

In his numeration Wettstein designated by siglum 110 the Codex Ravianus (also called Berolinensis), a transcript from the Complutensian Polyglot so slavish that it copies even typographical errors from that exemplar.[7] It also includes some variant readings inserted from Stephanus's edition.[8] It once belonged to Rave, a professor in Uppsala.

In 1908 Gregory removed the Codex Ravianus from the list of the Greek New Testament manuscripts.[9] It is no longer listed, because it is only a facsimile of the Complutensis Polyglot. It is housed in the Berlin State Library.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 52. 
  2. ^ a b c d e K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 53. 
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. pp. 265–266. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 286. 
  5. ^ Kurt Aland; Barbara Aland (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. trans. Erroll F. Rhodes. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. 
  6. ^ R. Waltz, Minuscule 110 at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
  7. ^ Wettstein, Johann Jakob (1751). Novum Testamentum Graecum editionis receptae cum lectionibus variantibus codicum manuscripts (in Latin). 1. Amsterdam: Ex Officina Dommeriana. pp. 58–59. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  8. ^ Adam Clarke, The Holy Bible containing the Old and New Testaments, N. Bangs and J. Emory, 1823, p. 851.
  9. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 200. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • R. Waltz, Minuscule 110 at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism