Minuscule 1356 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 1356
New Testament manuscript
Date11th century
Now atWalters Art Museum
Size34.5 cm by 24.5 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 1356 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε1087 (von Soden),[1] is an 11th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript has complex contents.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 303 parchment leaves (size 34.5 cm by 24.5 cm).[2][3] The text is written in two columns per page, 22 lines per page.[2][4] The large initial letters are in red.[5] The manuscripts is ornamented.[1]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages.[3] There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 sections, the last numbered section in 16:20), whose numbers are given at the margin with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[1][5] It contains many notes made by later hand.[5]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum at the beginning, Eusebian Canon tables, Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel. It contains subscriptions at the end of each Gospel with numbers of verses and numbers of στιχοι.[3][5] According to Hermann von Soden it contains also lectionary markings (for church readings) at the margin and pictures.[1]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[6] Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual cluster M106 in Luke 1 and Luke 20, but it is very weak member of this cluster in Luke 1. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[6]

The Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is placed at the end of the Gospel of John.[3]


Gregory dated the manuscript to the 12 or 13th century,[5] other palaeographers dated it to the 10th or 11th century.[3] Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 11th century.[4]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Gregory (1356e). Gregory saw it in 1906.[5] The manuscript was examined and described by K. W. Clark in 1937.[8]

Formerly the manuscript was housed in Jerusalem (Anastaseos 7).[1] Then it was brought to United States. Currently the manuscript is housed at the Walters Art Museum (Ms. W. 532), in Baltimore.[2][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte. 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 137.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 95. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 257.
  4. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 1141.
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 76. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  8. ^ K. W. Clark, A Descriptive Catalogue of Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America (Chicago, 1937), pp. 363-365.

Further reading[edit]