Minuscule 138

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Minuscule 138
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Vaticanus 757
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 30 cm by 22.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand slovenly hand

Minuscule 138 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A304 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 380 parchment leaves (size 30 cm by 22.5 cm),[2] with a commentary, and minor lacunae.[3] The text is written in one column per page, 37 lines per page.[2]

The commentary on Mark is of Victor,[4] mixed up with the text, both in slovenly hand.[3]

It contains synaxaria, Menologion, and pictures. The tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) were added by a later hand before each Gospel. At the end of each Gospel were added subscriptions with numbers of verses.[4] Mark 16:9-20 was marked by an obelus as doubtful.

The text of Matthew 1:1-4:11 was supplied by a later hand.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 1. In Luke 10 and Luke 20 no profile was made.[6]


The manuscript was examined by Birch (about 1782), Scholz, and Burgon. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[4]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Vat. gr. 757), at Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 53. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 55.
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 213. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs. p. 157. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 55. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

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