Minuscule 156

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Minuscule 156
New Testament manuscript
Name Alexandrino-Vaticanus
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 12 cm by 10 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 156 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 206 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 244 parchment leaves (size 12 cm by 10 cm).[2] The text is written in one column per page, in 23 lines per page (size of text 8.2 by 6.7 cm).[2] Titles are in gold.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division into smaller the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 sections - the last in 16:20), but without references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, synaxaria, and numbers of stichoi.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden included it to the textual family Family Kx.[4] Aland placed it in Category V.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual family Family Kx in Luke 10 and Luke 20. In Luke 1 it has mixed Byzantine text.[4]


On the first of its page it is written: "Ex bibliotheca [Melchioris] Goldasti" († 1625).[3][6]

The manuscript was given by Christina of Sweden to Cardinal Decio Azzolino, and bought from him by Pope Alexander VII — like codices 154, 155, 181.

It was examined by Birch (about 1782), Scholz, and Oscar von Gebhardt (in 1882). C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Reg. gr. 189), at Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 53. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 56.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 159–160. 
  4. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 56. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 214. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 3 September 2012.