Minuscule 158

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Minuscule 158
New Testament manuscript
Name Cod. Pii II
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 9 cm by 7.8 cm
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 158 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 108 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 236 parchment leaves (size 9 cm by 7.8 cm),[2] with one small lacuna. The text is written in one column per page, in 20 lines per page,[2] in very small letters.[3] Size of the text has only 5.8 cm by 4.2 cm. The Gospel of John is ending on 21:11.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 – 16:9), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonina Section numbers).[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings (partial) for liturgical reading, pictures, and readings in the margin made by prima manu.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[6] Kurt Aland did not place it in any Category.[7] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 10. In Luke 20 it represents family Πa.[6]

It lacks the text of Luke 22:43-44.

It has some readings at the margin.[5]


The manuscript was given to the Library by Pope Pius II (1458-1464).[5] It was examined and described by Birch (about 1782), Scholz, Duchesne,[8] and Henry Stevenson. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[4]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Reg. gr. Pii II 55), at Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 53. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 56.
  3. ^ Henry Stevenson, Codices manuscripti Graeci Reginae Svecorum et Pii Pp. II. Bibliothecae Vaticanae, descripti praeside I.B. Cardinali Pitra, Romae 1888, p. 171
  4. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 160. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 214. 
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 56. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 129, 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Louis Duchesne, De codicibus MSS Graecis Pii II in bibliotheca Alexandrino-Vaticana, Paris 1880, p. 1-3, 30.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]