Minuscule 18

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Minuscule 18
New Testament manuscript
Text New Testament
Date 1364
Script Greek
Now at National Library of France
Size 29 cm by 21 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note member of the Kr group

Minuscule 18 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 411 (Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament. According to the colophon it was written in 1364 CE.[2][3] The manuscript has complex contents. It has marginalia.


It is one of few copies of the whole New Testament and the Book of Psalms.[2] It contains also liturgical books with hagiographies: synaxaria and Menologion.[4]

The biblical text is written on 444 parchment leaves (28.9 cm by 21.3 cm) in one column per page with 23 lines per page in large uncial letters.[4] The initial letters in red.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, but there is no τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. The text of the Gospels is not divided according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) preceded each sacred book, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), αναγνωσεις (lessons), subscriptions at the end of each book, numbers of στιχοι, and Euthalian Apparatus.[5]

It is one of the few copies of the whole New Testament. The order of books is: Gospels, Book of Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, and Apocalypse.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kr. Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Family Kr in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[7]

In Matthew 10:12, at the margin near αυτην, stands a note with reading λεγοντες ειρηνη τω οικω τουτω.[8] The reading is used by manuscripts: Sinaiticus*, 2, Bezae, Regius, Washingtonianus, Koridethi, f 1, 22, 1010, (1424), it, vgcl.[9]


The colophon, at the end of the codex, on the page 444 informs: Η παρουσια θεια βιβλος εγραφη μεν, και ετελεστη κατα την μεγαλην πολιν εν τη σεβοτατη των μαγγανων μονη κατα το ςωοβ ετος. εδοθη δε και αφιερωθη παρ εμου νικηφορου του μυζιθρα της λακεδαιμονος καστρω περιεχουσα το ιερον ευαγγελιον και τον πραξαποστολον και το ψαλτηριον μετα της αυτου προθεωριας και της του θεολογου αποκαλυψεως.[8] According to this colophon the manuscript was written in 6872, it means in 1364 CE, by Nicephorus Cannavus at Constantinople. Nicephorus, son of Kannabe, presented it to the monastery to Myzithra.[8][10]

The manuscript was bought in 1687 in Constantinople.[5]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Wettstein. It was examined by Griesbach, Scholz, Paulin Martin,[11] J. G. Reiche,[12] C. R. Gregory (1884),[4] and Hoskier (only Apocalypse).[13]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 47) at Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 48. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 133. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 193. 
  6. ^ Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53, 92. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ a b c J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), p. 3.
  9. ^ NA26, p. 24
  10. ^ K.v. Tischendorf (1859). Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima. Lipsiae. p. CXCVI. 
  11. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 30-31
  12. ^ Codices Manuscripti (Göttingen 1847), pp. 21-28.
  13. ^ Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse 1 (London 1929), pp. 150-157.

Further reading[edit]

  • Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse 1 (London 1929), pp. 150-157.

External links[edit]