Minuscule 191

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Minuscule 191
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Laurentian Library
Size 13.2 cm by 9.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none
Note family Kx

Minuscule 191 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 224 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 180 elegant parchment leaves (size 13.2 cm by 9.5 cm).[2] The text is written in one column per page, in 27 lines per page,[2] in black ink.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin in Latin.[3]

It contains Prolegomena, αναγνωσεις (lessons – later hand), and subscriptions at the end of each book, with numbers of στιχοι.[3][4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden assigned it to the textual family Kx.[5] Aland did not place it in any Category.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual cluster M1326 along with the manuscripts 444, 1326, 1396, 2521. It is related to the cluster M106.[5]


The manuscript was examined by Bandini, Birch, Scholz, and Burgon. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

It is currently housed at the Laurentian Library (Plutei. VI. 29), at Florence.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 54. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 58.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 165. 
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 217. 
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 56. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

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