Minuscule 221

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Minuscule 221
New Testament manuscript
TextActs, Paul
Date10th century
Now atBodleian Library
Size18.9 cm by 13.4 cm
Notebeautiful copy

Minuscule 221 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α69 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 10th century.[2] Scrivener labelled it by 212a and 250p.[3] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles on 382 parchment leaves (size 18.9 cm by 13.4 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 18-19 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[4]

It contains prolegomena, lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of the contents) before each biblical book, pictures, subscriptions at the end of each book, and numbers of στιχοι to Paul.[4] It also contains one leaf from Cyril's Homilies, and two others later.[4]

According to Scrivener it is a beautiful copy.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]

It contains the Comma Johanneum, but it was added by a later hand.[6]


The manuscript was brought by Busbeck from Constantinople (along with Minuscule 222).[4]

The manuscript was examined by Coxe, Scrivener, and C. R. Gregory (1887).[4]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (Canon. Gr. 110), at Oxford.[2][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 56.
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 299.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 282.
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  6. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Text of the New Testament (Oxford 2005), p. 147
  7. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 1 October 2012.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]