Minuscule 227

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Minuscule 227
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Escurialensis
Text Gospels
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at Escurial
Size 24 cm by 19.3 cm
Type Byzantine
Category V

Minuscule 227 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 118 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 158 parchment leaves (size 24 cm by 19.3 cm).[2] The leaves are arranged in quarto (four leaves in quire).[3] The text is written in one column per page, 27 lines per page.[2] Some leaves were dislocated by binder.[4]

The text is divided according to the Ammonian Sections, whose numbers are given at the margin, but references to the Eusebian Canons are absent.[4]

It contains Prolegomena to the four Gospels, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, pictures. Many corrections were made by a later hand, which dates 1308.[5][4] It contains portraits of the four Evangelists.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the K1.[6] Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It belongs to the textual cluster Ω.[6]


A later hand, which dates from 1308, has been making corrections.[5]

The manuscript belonged to Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza (1578–1651),[8][4] along with minuscule 819.

It was described by Daniel Gotthilf Moldenhawer, who collated it about 1783 for Birch (Esc. 5).[5] It was shortly described by Emmanuel Miller in 1848.[3]

It is currently housed at the Escurial (Cod. Escurialensis, X. III. 15).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 56. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  3. ^ a b c Emmanuel Miller, Catalogue des manuscrits grecs de la bibliothèque de l'Escurial (Paris 1848), p. 399.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 169. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 222. 
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza at the Biblioteca Virtual Ignacio Larramendi

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]