Minuscule 2344

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Minuscule 2344
New Testament manuscript
TextActs, CE, Paul, Rev
Date11th century
Now atBibliothèque nationale de France
Size36.9 by 28 cm
TypeAlexandrian / mixed
Noteunique textual variants

Minuscule 2344 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament.[1]


The codex contains the text of the Acts, CE, Paul, Rev, on 61 parchment leaves (36.9 by 28 cm). Paleographically it has been assigned to the 11th century, with some lacunae.[1]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type in the Catholic epistles and in the Book of Revelation. In the Book of Revelation it agrees frequently with Minuscule 2053. It contains also parts of Old Testament.[2] Aland placed it in Category I. The text of the Acts and Pauline epistles Aland placed in Category III.[3]

In Revelation textual value of the codex is comparable with codices Alexandrinus and Ephraemi.[1]

In Revelation 16:5 it is the only extant Greek manuscript to include κυριε.


In Revelation 13:18 it contains unique textual variant "its number is six hundred sixty-five".

The text was collated by J. Schmid. New collation gave M. Davies.

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Coislin Gr. 18, fol. 170-230) at Paris.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 182.
  2. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press (New York - Oxford, 2005), p. 92.
  3. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

Further reading[edit]

  • J. Schmid, "Unbeachtete Apokalypse-Handschriften", Th Q 120 (Tübingen, 1939), pp. 154-187.
  • M. Davies, The Text of the Pauline Epistles in Manuscript 2344 and its Relationship to the Text of other Known Manuscripts in Particular to 330, 436 and 462, S & D XXXVIII (Salt Lake City, 1968).