Minuscule 240

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Minuscule 240
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at State Historical Museum
Size 33.5 cm by 22 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 240 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Zε21 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 12th century.[2]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 411 parchment leaves (size 33.5 cm by 22 cm), with some lacunae (Mark 8:12-34; 14:17-54; Luke 15:32-16:8).[2] The text is written in one column per page, 33-39 lines per page.[2]

It contains tables of κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel. The biblical text is surrounded by a commentary of Euthymius Zigabenus.[3] The biblical text written in red, the text of a commentary in black ink.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[6]


Formerly the manuscript was held in the monastery Philotheus at Athos peninsula, then in the Dionysius monastery. It was brought from the Athos to Moscow, by the monk Arsenius, on the suggestion of the Patriarch Nikon, in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov (1645-1676).[3] The manuscript was collated by C. F. Matthaei.

The manuscript is currently housed at the State Historical Museum (V. 87, S. 48) at Moscow.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 56. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 61.
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 223. 
  4. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 171. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • C. F. Matthaei, Novum Testamentum Graece et Latine (Riga, 1782). (as i)
  • Kurt Treu, Die Griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments in der UdSSR; eine systematische Auswertung des Texthandschriften in Leningrad, Moskau, Kiev, Odessa, Tbilisi und Erevan, T & U 90 (Berlin, 1966), pp. 270-272.

External links[edit]