Minuscule 27

Text New Testament manuscript Gospels 10th-century Greek National Library of France 16 cm by 12.1 cm Byzantine text-type V marginalia

Minuscule 27 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1023 (Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th-century.[2][3] It has liturgical books and marginalia.

Description

The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 460 leaves (16 cm by 12.1 cm), though from John 18:3 the text is supplied. The text is written in one column per page, 19 lines per page. It is ornamented in gold and silver.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numerals are given at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241, the last section in 16:20), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[4]

It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, pictures. Liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion) were added by a later hand.[5]

It was extensively altered by a later hand.[5]

Text

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[6] It belongs to the textual Family 1424.

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual cluster M27 (as a core member). It creates cluster, to which belong the manuscripts: 71, 569, 692, 750, 1170, 1222, 1413, 1415, 1458, 1626, 2715.[7]

In Luke 10:21, it has an interesting reading that agrees with ${\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}$45 in omitting καὶ τῆς γῆς/and earth, a reading reported by Tertullian and Epiphanius as being that in Marcion's edit of Luke's Gospel. A corrector has later inserted καὶ τῆς γῆς in the right hand margin as a correction.[8]

History

The codex is dated by the INTF to the 11th-century.[3]

The first collation was prepared by Larroque (along with the codices 28-33), but it was very imperfect.[5]

The codex was examined and described by John Mill (Colb. 1), Wettstein, Scholz (1794-1852), and Paulin Martin.[9] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

The codex is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 115) at Paris.[2][3]