Minuscule 27

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Minuscule 27
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 10th-century
Script Greek
Now at National Library of France
Size 16 cm by 12.1 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 27 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1023 (Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th-century.[2][3] It has liturgical books and marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 460 leaves (16 cm by 12.1 cm), though from John 18:3 the text is supplied. The text is written in one column per page, 19 lines per page. It is ornamented in gold and silver.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numerals are given at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241, the last section in 16:20), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[4]

It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, pictures. Liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion) were added by a later hand.[5]

It was extensively altered by a later hand.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[6] It belongs to the textual Family 1424.

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual cluster M27 (as a core member). It creates cluster, to which belong the manuscripts: 71, 569, 692, 750, 1170, 1222, 1413, 1415, 1458, 1626, 2715.[7]


IT is dated by the INTF to the 11th-century.[3]

The first collation was prepared by Larroque (along with the codices 28-33), but it was very imperfect.[5]

It was examined and described by John Mill (Colb. 1), Wettstein, Scholz (1794-1852), and Paulin Martin.[8] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 115) at Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 48. 
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  4. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. pp. 134–135. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 194. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 53, 100. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 40

External links[edit]

  • R. Waltz, Minuscule 27 at the Encyclopaedia of Textual Criticism (2008)