Minuscule 27

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Minuscule 27
New Testament manuscript
Now atNational Library of France
Size16 cm by 12.1 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 27 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1023 (Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th-century.[2][3] It has liturgical books and marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 460 leaves (16 cm by 12.1 cm), though from John 18:3 the text is supplied. The text is written in one column per page, 19 lines per page. It is ornamented in gold and silver.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numerals are given at the margin, the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241, the last section in 16:20), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[4]

It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, pictures. Liturgical books with hagiographies (Synaxarion and Menologion) were added by a later hand.[5]

It was extensively altered by a later hand.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[6] It belongs to the textual Family 1424.

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual cluster M27 (as a core member). It creates cluster, to which belong the manuscripts: 71, 569, 692, 750, 1170, 1222, 1413, 1415, 1458, 1626, 2715.[7]

In Luke 10:21, it has an interesting reading that agrees with 45 in omitting καὶ τῆς γῆς/and earth, a reading reported by Tertullian and Epiphanius as being that in Marcion's edit of Luke's Gospel. A corrector has later inserted καὶ τῆς γῆς in the right hand margin as a correction.[8]


The codex is dated by the INTF to the 11th-century.[3]

The first collation was prepared by Larroque (along with the codices 28-33), but it was very imperfect.[5]

The codex was examined and described by John Mill (Colb. 1), Wettstein, Scholz (1794-1852), and Paulin Martin.[9] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

The codex is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 115) at Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49.
  2. ^ a b K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 48.
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
  4. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. pp. 134–135.
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 194.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 53, 100. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  8. ^ James R. Royse (2008), Scribal Habits in Early Greek New Testament Papyri. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. p. 137.
  9. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 40

External links[edit]