Minuscule 3

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Minuscule 3
New Testament manuscript
NameVindobonensis Suppl. Gr. 52
TextNew Testament (except Rev)
Date12th century
Now atAustrian National Library
Size24.5 cm by 17.5 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 3 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 253 (in von Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on a parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It was one of the manuscripts used by Erasmus.

Formerly it was known (and is perhaps better known) as Codex Corsendocensis, because it was previously kept (and possibly written) at the Augustinian monastery at Corsendonck, near Turnhout, Belgium, midway between Antwerp and Eindhoven.


The codex contains the entirety of the New Testament except the Book of Revelation in the order: Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, General epistles, and Pauline epistles on 451 parchment leaves, with size 24.5 cm by 17.5 cm. The text is written in one column per page, 24 lines per page (16.3 cm by 10.2 cm),[2] in black ink. It uses iota adscript.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. The text of the Gospels has also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (234 in Mark, ending at 16:19), with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each book, Prolegomena, pictures (in John with Prochorus), and the Euthalian Apparatus to the Acts and General epistles.[4] Subscriptions at the end of each book were added by a later hand.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with exception for the Catholic epistles. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Family Kx.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no Profile was made.[5]

The text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is omitted without any mark.[3]


The manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 12th century.[2][7]

Radulph or Roland de Rivo presented this manuscript to the monastery of Virgin Mary in the village Corsendonck near Turnhout. Later it belonged to the monastery of Dominican Order in Basel.[8]

It was used by Erasmus in his second edition of Novum Testamentum in 1519.[3] It had been collated by J. Walker for Bentley. This collation was never published.[4] It was also collated by Wettstein. Wettstein charges it with being altered from the Latin.

The manuscript was also examined by Treschow,[9] Alter and John Wordsworth.[10] The manuscript was not cited in Nestle-Aland editions of Novum Testamentum Graece.

Alter used it in his edition of the Greek text of the New Testament.[10]

The codex is located now at the Austrian National Library (Cod. Suppl. Gr. 52) at Vienna.[2][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 128.
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4th ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 191.
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  8. ^ Thomas Horne, An Introduction to the Critical Study of the New Testament, p. 238
  9. ^ H. G. Treschow, Testament Descriptionis codicum veterum aliquot Graecorum Novi Foederis manuscriptorum (Copenhagen, 1773), pp. 85-88
  10. ^ a b F. C. Alter, Novum Testamentum Graecum, ad Codicem Vindobonensem Graece expressum: Varietam Lectionis addidit Franciscus Carolus Alter, 2 vols. 8vo, Vienna, 1786-1787.

Further reading[edit]