Minuscule 34

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Minuscule 34
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 10th century
Script Greek
Found ca. 1650
Now at National Library of France
Size 28.8 cm by 19.2 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand splendidly written
Note marginalia

Minuscule 34 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A19 (Von Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th century.[2][3]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels with three lacunae. The text is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page, on 469 parchment leaves (28.8 cm by 19.2 cm). It is elegantly written. The headpieces and the initial letters are ornamented with colours.

The leaves 1-3 were supplied by a later hand, with Homilien of Psellus.[4]

The text is surrounded by a catena (in Mark of Victorinus). Text of Mark 16:8-20 has not a commentary. Catena is similar to that of 194.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 Sections, the last section in 16:20), but there are no references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, prolegomena, pictures, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, with numbers of στιχοι, and pictures (portraits of the four Evangelists).[5][4]

The commentary of Victorinus in Gospel of Mark, from the same original as in codex 39.[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[6] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[7]

It lacks Matthew 16:2b–3. The text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is marked as a doubtful. It has note at the margin: "mais c'est une erreur. None avone verifie le passage avec soin et cette note n'y existe nulle part".[4]

It contains text of Luke 22:43-44 without obelus or asterisk, but it has questionable scholion at the margin.[8]


The manuscript was dated by Scholz and Martin to the 10th century. It is dated by the INTF to the 10th century.[2]

The manuscript was written on the Mount Athos,[5] it belonged to the Stavronikita monastery.[4] It was brought by Pierre Seguier to France and became part of the Fonds Coislin.

The manuscript was examined and described by Montfaucon, Wettstein, Scholz, Tischendorf, Paulin Martin,[9] and Burgon.

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by J. J. Wettstein, who gave it the number 34.[10] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Coislin Gr. 195) at Paris.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 48. 
  3. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-09-09. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. pp. 136–137. 
  5. ^ a b c d Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 195. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Westcott & Hort, Introduction to the New Testament in the Original Greek, Appendix (Wipf and Stock Publishers, Eugene 2003), p. 65
  9. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 43-45
  10. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Bernard de Montfaucon, Bibliotheca Coisliniana, olim Segueriana, Paris: Ludovicus Guerin & Carolus Robustel, 1715, p. 247.