Minuscule 39

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Minuscule 39
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Bibliothèque nationale de France
Size 33.5 cm by 26 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 39 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A140 (Von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century. It has complex contents and some marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 288 parchment leaves (33.5 cm by 26 cm).[2][3] Gospels of Matthew and Mark were written by different hands.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numerals are given at the margin, with the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241, the last section in 16:20).[4]

It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents), and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, with numbers of στιχοι.[5] It has a commentary, in Mark commentary of Victorinus, from the same original as in codex 34.[5]

It does not contains the texts of Matthew 16:2b–3 and the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[6] It was not examined by using the Claremont Profile Method.[7]


The manuscript was written in Constantinople by the Patriarch Sergius II (999-1019), in the beginning of the 11th century.[4] In 1218 it was brought by monk Makarius to the Athos.[5]

It was examined and described by Scholz, Burgon, and Paulin Martin.[8]

The manuscript was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Wettstein. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Coislin Gr. 23) at Paris.[2][3]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 49.
  3. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 138. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 196. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 48-49