Minuscule 4

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Minuscule 4
New Testament manuscript
Date13th century
Now atNational Library of France
Size18.5 cm by 14.3 cm
Noteclose to 273

Minuscule 4 (Gregory-Aland), ε 371 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on 212 parchment leaves (18.5 cm by 14.3 cm), dated palaeographically to the 13th century.[2] Formerly it was named Codex Regius 84.[3] It has full marginalia. It was adapted for liturgical use.


The codex contains almost complete text of the four Gospels with four lacunae (Matthew 2:9-20; Mark 15:42-16:14; John 1:1-13.49-3:11). The text is written in one column per page, 26-28 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numerals are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 227 sections), with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, synaxaria, Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, numbers of στιχοι, and extracts from some Church Fathers.[4]

The Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is marked with an obelus.[4]


The Greek text of this codex is a mixture of text-types. According to Tischendorf its text is mixed but with a strong Byzantine element.[5]

Aland did not place it in any Category.[6] Textually it is close to the codex 273.

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 10 and Luke 20. In Luke 1 it has mixed Byzantine text.[7]

In Matthew 21:31 it has textual variant ὁ δεύτερος (the second) against ὁ πρῶτος (the first), ὁ ὕστερος (the last), or ὁ ἔσχατος (the last). This reading is supported by the codex 273 and 547.[8][9]


The manuscript was used by Erasmus in his edition of Novum Testamentum, and by Robert Estienne in his Editio Regia (1550), who designated it as γ'. John Mill noticed its affinity to the Latin versions and the Complutensian Polyglot.[3]

It was examined by Scholz and Paulin Martin.[10] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

The codex is located now at the National Library of France (Gr. 84) in Paris.[2][11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4th ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 191.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. pp. 128–129.
  5. ^ Tischendorf, C. v., Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima, Lipsiae 1859, p. CXCV.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  8. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2001), p. 45.
  9. ^ NA26, p. 60.
  10. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au N. T., conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 18-19
  11. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-05-01.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris (Paris 1883), p. 18-19

External links[edit]

  • R. Waltz, Minuscule 4 at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism (2007)
  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 7 November 2011.