Minuscule 436

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Minuscule 436
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts, Pauline epistles
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 20.8 cm by 16.3 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category III

Minuscule 436 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 172 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th or 12th century.[2] Formerly it was labelled by 73a and 80p.


The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles on 165 parchment leaves (20.8 cm by 16.3 cm) with only one lacuna (Epistle to Philemon). Written in one column per page, in 30 lines per page.[2] The leaves are arranged in quarto.[3]

It contains Prolegomena, lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each book, Menaion, lectionary markings at the margin (for church reading), Synaxarion, Menologion, and stichoi.[3]

The order of books: Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles (Hebrews, 1 Timothy).[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type with numerous allies reading. Aland placed it in Category III.[4]

According to F. H. A. Scrivener it is an excellent manuscript.[5] According to Gregory its text is good.[3]

In Romans 8:1 it has singular reading Ιησου κατα σαρκα περιπατουσιν αλλα κατα πνευμα, majority of manuscripts reads Ιησου μη κατα σαρκα περιπατουσιν αλλα κατα πνευμα.[6]

In 1 Corinthians 2:1 it reads μυστηριον along with 46, א, Α, C, 88, ita,r, syrp, copbo. Other manuscripts read μαρτυριον or σωτηριον.[7]

In 1 Timothy 3:16 it has textual variant θεός ἐφανερώθη (God manifested) (Sinaiticuse, A2, C2, Dc, K, L, P, Ψ, 81, 104, 181, 326, 330, 451, 614, 629, 630, 1241, 1739, 1877, 1881, 1962, 1984, 1985, 2492, 2495, Byz, Lect), against ὃς ἐφανερώθη (he was manifested) supported by Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, Ephraemi, Boernerianus, 33, 365, 442, 2127, 599.[8][9]

In 2 Timothy 4:10 it reads Γαλλιαν, along with Sinaiticus C 81 104 326; other manuscript read Γαλατιαν.[10]

In Hebrews 8:11 it reads πλησιον for πολιτην — P, 81, 104, 629, 630, and 1985.[11]


The manuscript was used by Caryophilus.[5] It was examined by Birch and Scholz. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

The manuscript was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[12]

Formerly it was labelled by 73a and 80p. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 436 to it.[1]

The codex is cited in critical editions of the Greek New Testament (NA26).[13]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Vat. gr. 367) in Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 73. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 270. 
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 290. 
  6. ^ The Greek New Testament, ed. K. Aland, A. Black, C. M. Martini, B. M. Metzger, and A. Wikgren, in cooperation with INTF, United Bible Societies, 3rd edition, (Stuttgart 1983), p. 548. [UBS3]
  7. ^ UBS3, p. 581.
  8. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2001), pp. 573-573.
  9. ^ 1 Timothy 3:16 in Codex Alexandrinus at the Bible Research
  10. ^ UBS3, p. 737.
  11. ^ UBS3, pp. 761-762.
  12. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 322. 
  13. ^ NA26, p. 705.

Further reading[edit]

  • M. Davies, The Text of the Pauline Epistles in MS. 2344 (Studies & Documents 38, 1968) collates 436 for Paul, and discusses its relationship with 330, 462, and especially 2344.

External links[edit]