Minuscule 441

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Minuscule 441
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts of the Apostles, Pauline epistles
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at University of Uppsala
Size 23 cm by 17 cm
Category III

Minuscule 441 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), O18 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2] Its former designations were 68a and 73p.


The codex contains the text of the Acts 8:14 to 1 Corinthians 15:38 on 90 parchment leaves (23 cm by 17 cm). It does not contain any of the Catholic epistles. It is written in one column of 38-39 lines per page.[2]

It contains the Euthalian Apparatus, subscriptions at the end of each book, and στιχοι. The biblical text is surrounded by a catena of Oecumenius.[3][4]

Some of leaves of the codex are in disorder. The order of leaves: 3-18. 1. 2. 19-46. 47-58. 59. 63. 64. 59. 60-62. 73. 74. 65. 66. 69-72. 67. 68. 75-78. 127-142. 79-126. 143-158. 167-182. 159-166.[4]

Leaves 183-440 of the same codex formerly belonged to another manuscript. They have now been bound together. These leaves have a duplicate portion (1 Corinthians 13:6-15:38) and some contradictory readings.[3] Now they are classified as Minuscule 442.[2]


The Greek text of the codex is mixed. Aland placed it in Category III.[5]


The manuscript was bought at Venice by Sparwenfeldt in 1678.[4] It was examined by Belsheim.[3] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1891.[4]

The manuscript was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[6]

Formerly it was labelled by 68a and 73p.[4] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 441 to it.[1]

It is currently housed at the University of Uppsala (Gr. 1, p. 3-182) in Uppsala.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 73. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894 (2005 reprint)). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 290.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 270. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 322. 

Further reading[edit]

  • P. F. Aurivill, Codex Graecus Nov. Foederis (Uppsala, 1783, 1786).

External links[edit]