Minuscule 452

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Minuscule 452
New Testament manuscript
Name Pius II
Text New Testament (except Gospels)
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 16.8 cm by 13 cm
Type Byzantine
Category V

Minuscule 452 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 206 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century. Formerly it was labelled by 80a, 91p and 42r.[2]


The codex contains the text of the New Testament except Gospels on 327 parchment leaves (16.8 cm by 13 cm). The text is written in one column per page, in 21-22 lines per page.[3] The letters are written above lines.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages.[4]

It contains Prolegomena, the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each book, subscriptions at the end of each book, numbers of στιχοι, and the Euthalian Apparatus.[4]

The order of books: Book of Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles (Hebrews before 1 Timothy), and Book of Revelation.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]


Scrivener and Gregory dated the manuscript to the 12th century.[2] Henry Stevenson to the 10th century.[4] Currently the INTF dated it to the 12th century.[3]

The manuscript was held in the Library of St. Silvester at the time of Pope Pius II. It was deposited to the Vatican Library in time of Pope Clement XI.[4]

The manuscript was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[6] Formerly it was labelled by 80a, 91p and 42r. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 452 to it.[1]

The manuscript was examined by Birch, Scholz, Duchesne, Stevenson,[7] and C. R. Gregory (1886).[4] It was slightly collated by Scholz.[2] Hoskier collated the text of the Apocalypse.[8]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Reg. gr. Pii II 50) in Rome.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 290. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 74. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 271. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 322. 
  7. ^ Henry Stevenson, Codices manuscripti Graeci Reginae Svecorum et Pii Pp. II. Bibliothecae Vaticanae, descripti praeside I.B. Cardinali Pitra, Rom 1888, p. 167-169.
  8. ^ H. C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse: Collation of All Existing Available Greek Documents with the Standard Text of Stephen’s Third Edition Together with the Testimony of Versions, Commentaries and Fathers. vol. 1 (London: Bernard Quaritch, Ltd., 1929), pp. 110-114.

Further reading[edit]

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